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Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Marciana Marina (Livorno); died 1971, in Milan.

Painter, ceramicist, illustrator, scenographer, writer. Stage costumes.

Futurism.

Giovanni Acquaviva studied philosophy and law at the University of Pisa, while devoting himself to illustration at the same time. He founded the Futurist group ...

Article

Libero Andreotti

Italian architect, stage designer and painter . After studying at the Scuola Reale Elisabettiana, an applied arts school in Rovereto, he joined the Futurist movement, headed locally by Fortunato Depero. After serving in World War I, he enrolled at the Scuola Superiore di Architettura del Politecnico, Milan, graduating in architecture in ...

Article

Piero Pacini

Italian painter, sculptor, stage designer, decorative artist and actor. He was one of the originators of Futurism (see Furttenbach [Furtenbach; Furttembach], Josef [Joseph], the elder) and was particularly concerned with the representation of light and movement. His personal interest in scientific methods of analysis contributed to both the practical and ideological bases of the movement. His oeuvre from the Futurist period overshadowed the work of later years....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 November 1891, in Bergamo; died 21 August 1957, in Lugano (Ticino), Switzerland, or 27 August according to some sources.

Painter, draughtsman, architect, scenographer.

Futurism.

Mario Chiattone was the son of a painter and printer named Gabriele Chiattone, who collected works by the Lombard Divisionist painters and Umberto Boccioni. Mario Chiattone studied architecture at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Brera and the Scuola d'Arte Applicata e del Libro in Milan. He met Carrà, Boccioni, Romani and Dudreville and became friends with Sant'Elia, with whom he shared a studio and started working on architecture projects in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1900, in Florence; died 1987, in Fiesole.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, scenographer.

Futurism.

Lacerba Group.

Primo Conti was a poet, painter and musician. While in his teens, he joined the Lacerba group, who exhibited in 1913 in Florence. He then participated in Futurist events at the Verdi Theatre in Florence in 1913, and in Milan in 1918. He met Picasso in Rome in 1917, and also met Balla. That same year he published a volume of prose poetry entitled ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1892, in Fondo (Trentino); died 1960, in Rovereto.

Painter, watercolourist, poster artist. Stage sets, designs for tapestries, advertising art.

Futurism.

Fortunato Depero was a pupil at the royal school in Rovereto, and began to exhibit his Realist and Symbolist drawings and watercolours in 1911. He met Balla, Cangiullo and Marinetti in Rome in 1914, and Balla encouraged him to participate in the International Free Futurism Exhibition. In 1915 he signed, with Balla, the manifesto ...

Article

Ester Coen

Italian painter, stage designer, illustrator, decorative artist and writer. After difficult years of study, during which he made his first artistic experiments, he travelled to Turin in 1910 and worked as an apprentice decorator at the Esposizione Internazionale. In spite of spending a year as apprentice to a marble-worker, on his return to Rovereto, he decided to become a painter, choosing subjects associated with Symbolism and social realism. Shortly after publishing ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1924.

Born 1882 or 1884, in Bielostok (Kiev); died 1949, in Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.

Painter, decorative artist. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Symbolism, Futurism, Constructivism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds).

A student at the school of fine art in Kiev, Aleksandra Exter exhibited for the first time with the ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 August 1888, in Rome; died 5 June 1958, in Turin.

Painter. Stage sets, furniture.

Futurism.

In Rome, Ugo Giannattasio studied under the sculptor Ximenes and at the Accademia. He knew Paris well, as he had spent his childhood there, and in ...

Article

Anthony Parton

Russian painter, stage designer, printmaker and illustrator. She was a leading artist of the Russian avant-garde in the early 20th century but became a celebrity in the West through her work for Serge (de) Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes. During the 1920s she played a significant role within the ...

Article

Anthony Parton

Russian painter, stage designer, printmaker, illustrator, draughtsman and writer of Moldovan birth. He was a leader of the Russian avant-garde before World War I but came to prominence in the West through his work for Serge Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes. During the 1920s he played a significant role within the ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1878, in the Kiev region; died 15 May 1935, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, printmaker, decorative artist, writer. Stage sets.

Symbolism, Cubo-Futurism, Constructivism, Suprematism, Non-Objectivity, Abstract Art.

Oslinyy Khvost (Donkey’s Tail), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Soyuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture)...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 January 1895, in Livorno; died 1 May 1960, in Rome.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, architect, scenographer, decorative designer, art theorist.

Futurism.

Virgilio Marchi studied architecture in Siena and Lucca and met the members of Nuove Tendenze in Milan. Drafted into the military in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1894, in Modena; died 1956, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, scenographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, marionettes, wall decorations, furniture.

Futurism, Dadaism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Group 40.

Enrico Prampolini studied briefly with Diulio Cambellotti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in, Rome, but was expelled in 1913. He wrote his own manifesto, ...

Article

Piero Pacini

Italian painter, decorative artist, stage designer, architect, sculptor and writer. He studied at Lucca, Turin and Rome, where he briefly attended the Accademia di Belle Arti, and his work earned the appreciation of his teacher Duilio Cambellotti (b 1876). In 1912 he joined the studio of ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1891, in Athens, to Italian parents; died 1952, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Scenes with figures. Stage sets.

Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting), Futurism.

Les Artistes Italiens de Paris.

The brother of Giorgio de Chirico, Alberto Savinio studied music at the conservatoire in Athens, winning first prize for composition when he was 13 years old. He continued his studies in Munich with Max Reger. (It was in a magazine at Reger's house that Giorgio, who used to accompany his brother to his music lessons, first encountered Arnold Böcklin's gloomy landscapes.) Alberto Savinio arrived in Paris in 1911 with his mother and his brother. The two boys soon got to know Apollinaire, Breton, Picasso, Cendrars and Cocteau. In 1917, he was in Ferrara with his brother on the occasion of the setting up of the group identifying itself with ...

Article

Ester Coen

Italian painter, mosaicist, stage designer and writer. One of the principal exponents of Futurism, he was an important link between French and Italian art. Although his most historically significant works were produced before World War I, he had a long career during which he continued to evolve his style, particularly in abstract schemes....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1885, in Tempio Pausania, Sardinia; died 1961, in Milan.

Painter (gouache), illustrator, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor. Figures, portraits, urban landscapes. Murals, stage sets.

Futurism, Novecento Italiano.

Milanese School.

Mario Sironi was studying mathematics in Rome with the intention of becoming an engineer when he decided to enrol in the academy of fine art. He met Severini and Boccioni who introduced him to Balla. After 1914, he moved to Milan, his parents' home town. He was not only an artist but also a writer on art and an architect.Sironi's paintings depict a variety of subjects, often including faces, and seek to portray the wretchedness of the human condition in urban society. He was only briefly associated with Futurism, in 1915. Often using a collage technique applied to coloured paper, he produced works with broad contrasting planes 'on the modern myths of machines and speed' with titles like ...

Article

Emily Braun

Italian painter, sculptor, architect, stage designer and illustrator. He was brought up in Rome where his family moved in 1886. In 1902 Sironi enrolled in the Engineering Faculty of the University of Rome, but after a long illness abandoned his studies to devote himself to painting. In ...

Article

Tato  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Bologna; died 1968 or 1974, in Rome.

Painter, photomontage artist. Genre scenes, interiors, figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, stage sets.

Futurism.

A self-taught artist, Tato lived in Bologna and then Rome. He was called up in 1915 and remained in the army until the end of the war. In 1919, he was involved in the setting up of the second Futurist group in Bologna. In 1925, he opened a 'House of Futurist Art' in Bologna and then ran a photographic agency....