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Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Loreto; died 1992, in Milan.

Painter. Still-lifes.

Attilio Alfieri began to paint under the dual influence of Cubism and Futurism. Around 1930 he experimented also with the collage technique. Afterwards he went through a period of Classical Representation, and then evolved in the direction of an informal, material Abstraction. Thick and generous materials are fairly constant throughout his many different periods. This is particularly true of his Representational art and can be observed in the skilful brushwork of his series of vegetable still-lifes....

Article

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Born 1871 or 1872, in Geneva; died 1938, in Lausanne.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), engraver. Figures, nudes, still-lifes, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Futurism.

Das Neue Leben group.

After studying at the École des Beaux-Arts in Geneva Bailly worked in Munich and Naples. In 1906, she settled in Paris for a while, returning to Switzerland in 1914. Work by her was exhibited at the Salon d'Automne (1909, 1926), the Salon des Tuileries (1928) and at the Salon des Indépendants (1929). In 1934 her work was also shown at the exhibition ...

Article

Swiss painter and multimedia artist . From 1890/91 she studied under Hugues Bovy (1841–1903) and Denise Sarkissof at the Ecole d’Art in Geneva. A travel scholarship enabled her to study in Munich for a year. From 1904 until the outbreak of World War I Bailly lived in Paris, where she associated with Cubist artists, including Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Marie Laurencin and Sonia Lewitska (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Innsbruck; died 1965, in Rome.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, collage artist. Frescoes.

Futurism.

Roberto Marcello Iras Baldessari settled in Venice in 1908 and studied at the Accademia, graduating in 1915. He knew the Ca' Pesaro artists, then joined the Florence Futurist group between ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Liège; died 1995.

Painter, collage artist, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative designer, designer.

Futurism, Constructivism.

Groupe 7 Arts.

Baugniet attended the art academy in Brussels where he studied under the Belgian Symbolist painter Jean Delville. He married the dancer and painter Akarova (Marguerite Acarin). His early paintings were figurative, and he was then influenced by French Cubism and international Constructivism. In 1922, Baugniet became a member of the Belgian group ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 February 1881, in Quargnento (Alessandria); died 13 April 1966, in Milan.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, collage artist, engraver (including etching), lithographer, decorative designer, art theorist. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes. Frescoes.

Futurism, Pittura Metafiscia (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism...

Article

Farfa  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1881, in Trieste; died 1964, in San Remo.

Painter, collage artist, potter.

Futurism.

Farfa's early years were uneventful, until he met the Futurists on the evening of 12 January 1910 in Trieste. He forged a lasting bond with Marinetti in ...

Article

Fillia  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 October 1904, in Revello; died 9 February 1936, in Turin.

Painter, photomontage artist, writer, illustrator. Murals, ceramics.

Futurism.

Luigi Enrico Colombo took the pseudonym Fillia, which was his mother's maiden name. Although he died at the age of only 32, he was one of the most far-sighted thinkers to influence the evolution of artistic expression between the two World Wars. In fact, in the course of the many journeys he made right up to his death in Paris, he was in contact with the pioneers of abstract art, which was at that time ignored by everyone, and this was how he came to be linked with the leaders of the ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Herson; died 1968, in Moscow.

Poet, collage artist. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Alexei Krutchenykh was a poet and a theoretician of phonetic poetry who invented the 'zaum' or transrational language. He maintained close links with the visual arts, having his texts illustrated by Larionov, Goncharova and Malevich. He produced most of his work between ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1876, in Alexandria, Egypt; died 2 December 1944, in Milan.

Collage artist.

Futurism.

Marinetti was a leading figure in the genesis of the Futurist movement, which he launched with the initial publication in French of his historic Futurist Manifesto in the Paris newspaper ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy, active in France from 1953.

Born 1 October 1892, in La Plata, to Italian parents; died 1971.

Painter, collage artist. Figure compositions, landscapes, still-lifes.

Futurism.

Emilio Pettoruti began painting and drawing at a young age, and went to Florence to study the Renaissance masters in 1913. He soon came into contact with the Futurists, such as Marinetti, Soffici, Boccioni, Russolo and Carrà. In 1917, he went to Rome, joining Balla and de Chirico's group, and collaborated on avant-garde journals in Milan. He then travelled to Vienna, to Munich in 1921 and to Berlin in 1922. In 1924, he was in Paris, and met Juan Gris and Severini. That same year, he returned to Argentina, where he would settle for a period of 30 years. He was named director of the Museo Nacional de La Plata in 1930, and played an important role in the artistic development of Argentina. He was removed from his position by the dictator Peron in 1947; he subsequently returned to Europe, arriving in Paris in 1953....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1894, in Modena; died 1956, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, scenographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, marionettes, wall decorations, furniture.

Futurism, Dadaism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Group 40.

Enrico Prampolini studied briefly with Diulio Cambellotti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in, Rome, but was expelled in 1913. He wrote his own manifesto, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Pavia; died 1981, in Pavia.

Collage artist, draughtsman, watercolourist.

Futurism.

Angelo Rognoni was one of the craftsmen in the first days of Futurism a movement he joined in 1910. He fought during the World War I and, in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 21 June 1886, in Malenki; died 8 November 1918, in Moscow.

Painter, collage artist, draughtswoman, engraver, poet.

Futurism, Suprematism.

Groups: Soiuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), Supremus.

Ol’ga Vladimirovna Rozanova studied at the Stroganov School of Art and Industry in Moscow. She was one of the most active members of the St Petersburg avant-garde. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 30 April 1885, in Portogruaro (Veneto); died 1947, in Cerro di Laveno (Lake Maggiore), in 1941 according to some sources.

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, engraver (etching/aquatint), musician. Figures, portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Futurism.

Luigi Russolo studied music but became a self-taught painter. He frequented avant-garde literary circles and was a contributor to the review ...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, male.

Born 1889 or 1890, in Lisbon; died 1918, in Lisbon.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman. Figures, nudes.

Futurism.

Guilherme de Santa-Rita studied at the college of fine arts in Lisbon and was awarded a scholarship in 1910 which enabled him to study in Paris until ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 7 April 1883, in Cortona; died 26 February 1966, in Paris, France.

Painter, pastellist, collage artist. Religious subjects, military subjects, figures, still-lifes. Murals, designs for mosaics, stage sets, glass casing.

Futurism.

Les Artistes Italiens de Paris.

Gino Severini went to Rome, where he held various jobs in the food business while attending evening classes at the Villa Medici art school. In 1901, he met Boccioni, who introduced him to Balla, in whose studio he first encountered Seurat's Divisionism. While there is a tendency to overestimate the influence of Cézanne, since he was so important for the Parisian Cubists, Seurat's major role in the development of European at this period is often overlooked today.Severini went to Paris for the first time in 1906, perhaps because of his admiration for Seurat and his desire to see more of his work. He lived in a studio in the Impasse Guelma, where Utrillo, Braque and Dufy also had studios. He soon met Modigliani, Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy, Apollinaire and Picasso. In 1913, he married the daughter of the poet Paul Fort, with Apollinaire acting as witness at the ceremony. In 1923, he converted to Catholicism. He returned to Italy in 1933 and was the only Italian Futurist to be unambiguously condemned by Mussolini's Fascist regime. He stayed in Italy during the war before returning to live in Meudon, near Paris. In 1946, he published the first volume of his memoirs, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 April 1879, in Rignano sull'Arno (Florence); died 1964, in Forte dei Marmi (Lucca).

Painter, collage artist, monotype artist, watercolourist, engraver, writer, art critic. Figures, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Futurism, Novecento Italiano.

Ardengo Soffici was a pupil of the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence. From 1900 to 1907 he was in Paris during which time he lived at la Ruche and joined with Apollinaire, Max Jacob, le Dounaier Rousseau and others. During this period he made drawings for ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1896 active in the USA.

Born 13 May 1879, in Muro Lucano; died 5 November 1946, in New York.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman. Urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Futurism.

Joseph Stella studied in Paris and was initially a newspaper illustrator. He moved to the USA, settling in New York in ...

Article

Tato  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in Bologna; died 1968 or 1974, in Rome.

Painter, photomontage artist. Genre scenes, interiors, figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, stage sets.

Futurism.

A self-taught artist, Tato lived in Bologna and then Rome. He was called up in 1915 and remained in the army until the end of the war. In 1919, he was involved in the setting up of the second Futurist group in Bologna. In 1925, he opened a 'House of Futurist Art' in Bologna and then ran a photographic agency....