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Article

Ewa Mikina

Polish group of avant-garde artists that flourished between 1929 and 1936. Its members were the sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, the painters Władysław Strzemiński and Henryk Stażewski, and the poets J. Brzękowski and J. Przyboś. It was founded by Strzemiński after he, Kobro and Stażewski left the ...

Article

Greta Stroeh

French sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker, and poet of German birth. The son of a German father and French Alsatian mother, he developed a cosmopolitan outlook from an early age and as a mature artist maintained close contact with the avant-garde throughout Europe. He was a pioneer of ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Berchem (Antwerp).

Painter, sculptor, screen printer.

Neo-Constructivism.

Guy Baekelmans was briefly a member of the Centre International d'Art Constructif (International Centre of Constructive Art), and saw Constructivism as a framework within which he could develop his own spiritual aspirations. His three-dimensional works, in which he employs accents of light, are dynamic in character. Following visits to Japan, his paintings became more meditative, while the use of computers gave him new perspectives....

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Halmstad; died 1981.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Olle Baertling settled in Stockholm in 1928 and started painting in 1938. At the beginning of his career he was an Expressionist, but then began to paint portraits under the influence of Matisse. He subsequently studied under André Lothe and Léger in Paris in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1932, in Poyanne (Landes).

Sculptor, draughtsman. Monuments, jewels.

Neo-Constructivism.

Vincent Batbedat settled in Paris in 1950 and studied at the École Spéciale d'Architecture and then at the École des Beaux-Arts while attending the Académie Julian. In this period he concentrated on sculpture. In ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 3 May 1886, in Basel; died 9 October 1942.

Painter, sculptor.

Dadaism, Neo-Constructivism.

Groups: Artistes Radicaux, Das Neue Leben.

From 1917, Baumann exhibited at the Galerie Dada in Zurich and in 1918 he became a member of the group The New Life...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 30 August 1930, in Preslany.

Sculptor.

Stefan Beloharadsky first undertook technical studies before entering the school of fine arts in Bratislava. His work was inspired by Constructivism, and placed geometrical forms in space with both rigour and elegance. He had a solo exhibition of his work in Cracow in ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Vaudreuil (Quebec).

Sculptor, designer.

Neo-Constructivism, Kinetic Art.

Jean-Jacques Besner lives in Montreal. After studying at the University of Montreal, he applied what he had learnt to his sculptural creations. He continued his training at the International School of Architecture. In ...

Article

Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in Argentina.

Born 1920, in Berlin, to Israeli-Polish parents.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Constructivism.

Grupo Madì.

After studying drawing and painting in Poland with Henri Barcynsky, with Jankel Adler in Danzig (now Gdansk) and with Chagall in Paris, Blaszko settled in Buenos Aires in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1952.

Born 23 January 1926, in Buenos Aires; died 31 January 1995, in Chartres, France.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

From 1943 to 1950 Carlos Cairoli studied at the academy of art in Buenos Aires, rising to the rank of lecturer, then ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1942, in Hampton Hill (Middlesex).

Sculptor, painter.

Constructivism.

John Carter studied at Twickenham School of Art from 1958 and at Kingston School of Art until 1963. He was awarded a Leverhulme Travelling Scholarship to study at the British School at Rome. He taught at London College of Printing, Hornsey College of Art, Colchester Institute, Reading University, Wimbledon School of Art and Chelsea College of Art and Design from ...

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Kiev; died 1986 (or 1979).

Sculptor, print artist, illustrator.

Constructivism, Socialist Realism.

Iosif Chaikov studied in Paris, at the École des Arts Décoratifs, in 1912-1913 at the École des Beaux-Arts, and under the Russian sculptor Naum Aronson from ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 23 October 1920, in Belo Horizonte; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art, Body Art.

Grupo Frente.

Clark studied in Brazil under the direction of Burle-Marx in 1947, then went to Paris in 1948 and worked with Fernand Léger, Arpad Szenes and Dabrinsky. In ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 27 November 1937, in Buenos Aires.

Installation artist, painter, draughtsman, sculptor, photographer, mixed media.

Neo-Constructivism.

Cafone was a student at the school of art in Buenos Aires and at the Slade School in London. A sculptor who abandoned his sculptor's tools very early on, he looked to drawing as a medium through which to find an equivalent, a medium in which he proved to have astonishing dexterity. His paintings employ mixed media, incorporating sheets of lead, for example. Harking back to his work as an installation sculptor, he also took the venue in which he was exhibiting into account, if needs be creating certain works directly onto the walls of the gallery. If a certain preciousness of materials, and in particular the ornamental details, are set aside, there is a relationship here between Cofone's work and Minimalism, given their common refusal to attach any meaning to the completed object other than the one that defines - in the most material terms possible - its physical relationship with the artist who has created it, not in his image, but on his scale....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1914, in Greece. Died 23 November 2010, in Provincetown, Massechusetts.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Nassos Daphnis emigrated to the USA in 1930 and took part in numerous group exhibitions - notably the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh in 1958 and ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in Cuba from 1941.

Born 1908, in Romania.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism, Kinetic Art.

Sandu Darie grew up in France and moved to Havana in 1941, taking Cuban nationality. An abstract painter since 1946, he belonged to the South American Neo-Constructivist movement. In his compositions the triangle predominated in combination with vertical and horizontal lines. He also used interchangeable mobile panels. From ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 March 1923, in Buxy; died 4 November 1985, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Madí Group.

At the age of 16 Roger Desserprit attended a painting course in Chalon-sur-Saône and then became a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris ...

Article

Mark Allen Svede

Estonian group of painters and sculptors active from 1923 to c. 1930. The group continued the progressive internationalist orientation of their predecessors in the Young Estonia movement and united a new generation of painters committed to Cubist experimentation. The group was founded in Tartu by ...