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Article

Catherine Cooke

Russian architect and teacher . He studied (1920–26) in the Vkhutemas, Moscow, and joined the Constructivist group OSA. His joint diploma project with M. I. Sinyavsky (1895–1979) for a vast administrative and market complex was formally and structurally bold, and its widespread publication brought him to public attention. Barshch’s first notable building was the Moscow Planetarium (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1932, in Poyanne (Landes).

Sculptor, draughtsman. Monuments, jewels.

Neo-Constructivism.

Vincent Batbedat settled in Paris in 1950 and studied at the École Spéciale d'Architecture and then at the École des Beaux-Arts while attending the Académie Julian. In this period he concentrated on sculpture. In ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...

Article

Anna Rowland

American furniture designer and architect of Hungarian birth. In 1920 he took up a scholarship at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but he left almost immediately to find a job in an architect’s office. A few weeks later he enrolled at the Bauhaus at Weimar on the recommendation of the Hungarian architect Fred Forbat (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1889; died 1951.

Painter, draughtsman, graphic designer, architect.

Constructivism.

Iakov Georgievich Chernikov was the pupil of a brother of Alexandre Benois at the academy in St Petersburg. He became a promoter of the Russian avant-garde.

His work can be placed between Suprematism and Constructivism. Above all a graphic designer, he had a remarkable capacity to conceive and design dreamlike machines and architecture. He published two works in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Painter.

The pupil of Marcel Baugniet, a Constructivist painter, Pierre Clarebout ordered his compositions in a much less severely architectural manner than his master, working equally well in pastel and gouache, oil and acrylic paint. His work, which is characterised by delicate chromaticism, is inspired by his interest in music and archaeology....

Article

Radomíra Sedláková

Term used to describe a style in architecture and the applied arts, directly inspired by Cubist painting and sculpture, which was developed by architects and designers active in Prague shortly before World War I; the term itself was not used until the 1960s. The leaders of the style were the members of the ...

Article

Allan Doig

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in Todi.

Born 1927, in Rome.

Painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art.

Forma 1 Group.

Although Piero Dorazio first studied architecture at the Università degli Studi in Rome, he soon turned to painting. In 1947 he participated in writing the manifesto Forma I...

Article

Georgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1973, naturalised in 1979.

Born 12 June 1942, in Tbilisi.

Sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Mir group.

Garry Faïf first trained at the institute of architecture in Moscow, where he was especially interested in Suprematism and Constructivism. In 1966-1967 he founded the kineticist-constructive ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany from 1918, and in Sweden from 1938.

Born 1897; died 1972.

Draughtsman.

Constructivism.

Alfred Forbat was mainly an architect. A student at the technical college in Munich, he worked in Walter Gropius' workshop at the Bauhaus between 1920...

Article

Catherine Cooke

Belarusian architect, urban planner, theorist and teacher. His age and background prepared him ideally for a central position among the architects who led the Modernist avant-garde in the USSR in the 1920s. He is best known for his leadership, with Aleksandr Vesnin, of the Constructivist architectural group from ...

Article

Gilbert Herbert

American architect, industrial designer and teacher of German birth. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of the Modern Movement, whose contribution lay as much in his work as theoretician and teacher as it did in his innovative architecture. The important buildings and projects in Gropius’s career—the early factories, the Bauhaus complex at Dessau (...

Article

Czech designer. He was involved in developing the Cubist-influenced design and architectural style known as Czech Cubism, created in Prague shortly before World War I. He was a member of the Group of Plastic Artists (founded 1911), who created modern furniture, Cubist ceramics and such objects as candlesticks and ashtrays in non-ferrous metals....

Article

Inkhuk  

John E. Bowlt

Soviet institute for research in the arts that flourished from 1920 to 1926. Inkhuk was a dominant force in the development of Soviet art, architecture and design in the 1920s. Founded in Moscow in May 1920, with affiliations in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) and Vitebsk, it attracted many members of the avant-garde, especially ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Achel.

Painter, potter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art.

Research Group.

Jos Jans was educated at the provincial institute of architecture and the applied arts in Hasselt. He was a founder member of the Research Group . Jans was awarded the Limbourg fine arts prize in ...

Article

Hiroshi Kashiwagi

Japanese graphic designer. He studied principles of Constructivism at the Institute of New Architecture and Industrial Arts, Tokyo, a private institute established and run by Renshichiro Kawakita with the aim of introducing Bauhaus design theories in Japan; he graduated in 1935 and in 1938 joined the ...

Article

Vladimír Šlapeta

Czech architect and teacher of Austrian birth. He studied architecture (1917–21) under Jan Kotěra at the Academy of Fine Arts, Prague. Together with Karel Teige, Krejcar was one of the main organizers of Devětsil, the group of avant-garde artists, architects and writers active in the 1920s and 1930s, and he edited ...

Article

Olgierd Czerner

Polish architectural partnership formed in 1926 by Bohdan Lachert (b Moscow, 13 June 1900; d Warsaw, 8 Jan 1987) and Józef Szanajca (b Lublin, 17 March 1902; d Płazów, 24 Sept 1939). Lachert studied in the Department of Architecture, Technical University of Warsaw (...