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Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...


Anna Rowland

American furniture designer and architect of Hungarian birth. In 1920 he took up a scholarship at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but he left almost immediately to find a job in an architect’s office. A few weeks later he enrolled at the Bauhaus at Weimar on the recommendation of the Hungarian architect Fred Forbat (...


Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 17 December 1902, in Norrköping; died 1988.

Painter, designer.


Erik Chambert was known primarily as a designer of functional furniture, but he was also well known as an abstract painter in Paris in the 1950s, having already gone through an initial 'Postcubist' phase of his artistic career where he suspended reality with a conscious and rational mastery. His painting became more abstract in the second phase, and in a third phase it adopted an impersonal severity derived from Constructivism....


Gilbert Herbert

American architect, industrial designer and teacher of German birth. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of the Modern Movement, whose contribution lay as much in his work as theoretician and teacher as it did in his innovative architecture. The important buildings and projects in Gropius’s career—the early factories, the Bauhaus complex at Dessau (...


Hiroshi Kashiwagi

Japanese graphic designer. He studied principles of Constructivism at the Institute of New Architecture and Industrial Arts, Tokyo, a private institute established and run by Renshichiro Kawakita with the aim of introducing Bauhaus design theories in Japan; he graduated in 1935 and in 1938 joined the ...


Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Delft; died 1994.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art.

Nul Group.

Johannes Jacobus Schoonhoven began his career as an industrial designer and studied at the art academy in the Hague from 1930 to 1934. From 1946 to 1979...


Richard Humphreys

German painter, sculptor, designer and writer. He studied at the Kunstakademie in Dresden (1909–14) and served as a clerical officer and mechanical draughtsman during World War I. At first his painting was naturalistic and then Impressionistic, until he came into contact with Expressionist art, particularly the art associated with ...


Freya Probst

German industrial designer and printmaker. He began his artistic training as an apprentice in the design office of a Bremen silverware factory (1914–18) and attended lessons in script and drawing at the local Kunstgewerbeschule (1916–19). A grant enabled him to continue his studies at the famous Zeichenakademie in Hanau (...