American sculptor and collector of French birth. Arman lived in Nice until 1949, studying there at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs from 1946 and in 1947 striking up a friendship with the artist Yves Klein, with whom he was later closely associated in the Nouveau Réalisme...
Swedish, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1957, in Stockholm.
Painter (mixed media).
Ernst Billgren studied at the Valand art academy (1982-1987). HIs paintings are presented with a flourish not dissimilar to Pop Art practices, the complexity of which adds a theatrical, distancing dimension. He has had many solo exhibitions in Sweden, and has participated in collective exhibitions in Sweden, Norway, Germany, Brasil and Mexico....
Asian American mixed-media and installation artist and cultural activist. Ken Chu came to the United States from Hong Kong in 1971, settling in California where he received a BFA in film studies from San Francisco Art Institute (1986). Relocating to New York City after graduation, his encounters with local Asian American artists, activists and cultural organizations supported his artistic efforts, in which he often drew upon subjects that emerged organically from personal experience in the US as a gay Asian man. Adopting popular cultural idioms from film and comics, while also drawing upon symbols and motifs from Chinese and other Asian cultures, his imagery from this pivotal period featured Asian men cast as prototypically American masculine figures, such as California surfers and cowboys, who populate colorful, imaginary scenarios of cross-cultural contact, mixing and desire. In Western societies, where the dominant norms are non-Asian and few viable role models for Asian men exist, Chu’s art strongly asserted their collective presence and place. His socially inspired work has since also engaged matters of anti-Asian violence, internalized racism, stereotyping, homophobia and the impact of AIDS on Asian diasporic communities....
American, 20th century, male.
Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).
Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, film maker.
Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.
Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955...
Italian, 20th century, male.
Born 20 June 1935, in Campobasso.
Sculptor, environmental artist.
Gino Marotta first exhibited in 1957 in Milan, followed by Rome in 1958. His early paintings are in the Pop Art vein but, as of 1965 or so, his primary preoccupation is with the contrast between reality and artifice. Marotta uses synthetic materials to recreate atmospheric 'natural environments' or, to paraphrase the title of one of his own exhibitions, environments that are 'more truthful than nature'. His work recalls the Plexiglas 'environments' created by Pascali, although it must be said that Marotta's work is more sophisticated....
British, 20th century, male.
Born 1922; died 1978.
John McHale was a member of the Independent Group in the 1950s, with Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi. His works recreate the everyday environment using cuttings from popular and scientific periodicals, establishing unexpected connections between objects. His dynamic, often visionary compositions reflect the modern industrialised world. Their themes and subjects recall those of British Pop Art. McHale is also the author of a number of books....