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Article

M. Dolores Jiménez-Blanco

Spanish painter, sculptor and printmaker. After studying at the Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes in Madrid he came under the influence of Pop art during a stay in London in 1965. On settling again in Madrid in that year he began to concentrate on images of movement, as in the screenprint ...

Article

Roberto Pontual

Brazilian painter and printmaker. After studying engraving in São Paulo, he moved to New York in 1959 to complete his studies at the Pratt Graphic Center, where his contact with international Pop art merged with his own interest in Brazilian popular imagery, for example in the portfolio of woodcuts ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1930, in Benicia (California); died 2 November 1992, in Benicia.

Ceramicist, sculptor, painter, printmaker, draughtsman. Figures.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Robert Arneson studied at the College of Marin Kentfield, California (1949-1951), California College of Arts and Crafts (...

Article

Canadian First Nations (We Wai Kai/Cape Mudge Band), 21st century, male.

Born 1975, in Richmond (British Columbia).

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, photographer.

The aesthetic of Sonny Assu (Liǥwilda’x̱w/Laich-kwil-tach) is a confluence of Northwest Coast formline motifs and popular Western culture. He is well versed in the traditional Kwakwaka’wakw arts of drum, blanket and basket making and uses these as the starting place of many of his artworks. Drawing on a pop sensibility, mass-media culture is used as a conduit to explore and expose these Kwakwaka’wakw traditions as well as the artist’s own mixed heritage. By bringing these seemingly desperate elements together, Assu’s works challenge popular notions of authenticity regarding Indigenous people and their art. Moreover, while the works may appear whimsical at first glance, they offer a sharp critique of Western society’s culture of consumption as it relates to colonisation, both historical and ongoing, in North America....

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1959.

Born 20 February 1931, in Budapest; died 22 March 1987, in Paris.

Painter, engraver.

Pop Art, Nova Figurace (New Figuration).

Atila first studied architecture in Paris, then in Stuttgart, before working with the painter Willy Baumeister. He moved definitively to Paris in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Luton.

Sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker.

Pop Art.

Clive Barker was associated with the Pop Art Movement in the early 1960s. His works from the years 1966 to 1969 included the use of facsimiles of everyday objects which he reproduced in brass, copper and bronze, either individually or in combinations, as, for example, ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English sculptor, draughtsman and printmaker. He studied at Luton College of Technology and Art from 1957 but abandoned the course in 1959, working instead on the assembly-line of the Vauxhall car factory in Luton for 18 months. The experience of helping to build beautiful, machine-made objects on the shop floor proved decisive on his choice of materials for his first sculptures in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Chikasha (Oklahoma).

Engraver.

Denis Beall exhibited at the Paris Biennale of 1963. Although he drew inspiration from Nouvelle Figuration and Pop Art, his choice of subject matter nevertheless shows him to be close to a certain kind of Surrealism. He is represented in museums in London (Victoria and Albert Museum), Oakland and San Francisco....

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 1935, in Alhandra, near Lisbon.

Painter, sculptor, screen printer. Figure compositions, interiors, landscapes with figures.

Pop Art, Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

René Bertholo was a graduate of the school of decorative art in Lisbon. He spent some time in Munich in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Ghent.

Painter, engraver.

Jean Bilquin studied, and subsequently taught, at the Ghent academy. His early work is a figurative amalgam of classical Flemish painting styles and Pop Art. His style subsequently evolved into a spontaneous Expressionism verging on the abstract. He won the East Flanders prize in ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English painter, printmaker and sculptor. He studied at Gravesend Technical College and School of Art from 1946 to 1951, and from 1953 at the Royal College of Art, London, where he was awarded a First-Class Diploma in 1956. He then travelled through Europe for a year on a Leverhulme Research Award to study the popular and folk art that had already served him as a source of inspiration. While still a student Blake began producing paintings that openly testified to his love of popular entertainment and the ephemera of modern life, for example ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English painter, sculptor, photographer and printmaker. He studied painting and lithography at Yeovil School of Art in Somerset (1953–7), Guildford College of Art (1957–9) and the Royal College of Art, London (1959–62), where he was one of the students associated with ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English painter and printmaker. From 1962 to 1967 he studied at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne under Richard Hamilton, also benefiting from contact with visiting tutors such as Pop artists Richard Smith (for whom he later worked as an assistant), Joe Tilson and Eduardo Paolozzi. As a student at the University of Reading from ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 29 January 1936, in London; died 29 September 2005, in London.

Painter (including gouache), engraver. Interiors, landscapes, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries.

Pop Art.

Patrick Caulfield studied at Chelsea School of Art from 1956 to 1959 and continued his studies between ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English painter and printmaker. He began his studies in 1956 at Chelsea School of Art, London, continuing at the Royal College of Art (1960–63), one year below the students identified as originators of Pop art. A reticent man, he remained wary of being identified with any movement but came to be associated with ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 November 1932, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, lithographer.

Pierre Celice's painting is brightly coloured and joyful. Though still figurative, it borders on Abstraction, borrowing from Pop Art and Alan Davie. Celice himself acknowledges the unpredictability of his sources and his exploration. He also became interested in three-dimensionality, executing reliefs in sheet metal to be painted and then used for architectural façades....

Article

Paraguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Concepcion.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

After a period of geometric abstraction, Colombino's work evolved towards figuration, the formal vocabulary of which is somewhat along the lines of Pop Art. These works are occasionally an expression of political criticism. He was awarded a prize at the exhibition ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1933, in McPherson (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, collage artist, assemblage artist, sculptor, film maker.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Bruce Conner studied at Wichita University; at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln where he received a BFA in 1956; at Brooklyn Art School (...

Article

Frederick R. Brandt

American painter and printmaker. He studied painting in Mexico City from 1957 to 1959 with John Golding (b 1929) under the terms of the G.I. Bill. His reputation as a Pop artist was established by his first New York one-man exhibition in 1963...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 28 September 1920, in Grangemouth (Falkirk), Scotland; died 5 April 2014, in Hertford, England.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, lithographer.

Pre-Pop Art.

London Group.

Alan Davie is the son of the painter and engraver James William Davie. He studied at the College of Arts and the Royal Academy in Edinburgh from 1937 to 1940. By 1938 he had become interested in music, particularly jazz. Davie served in the forces from 1940 to 1946. He held his first solo exhibition in Edinburgh in 1946. At the same time he taught young children to paint. From his youth he was fascinated by poetry, particularly that of Walt Whitman, T.S. Eliot, David Herbert Lawrence, Ezra Pound and Joyce, as well as Chinese poets. He also wrote both poetry and prose. By 1946 he had become interested in Primitive art, at first in African sculpture, which he explored in London, and later in the early art of the Americas, which he studied at the American Natural History Museum. In 1947 he played tenor saxophone in the Tommy Sampson orchestra. Davie received a travel bursary that enabled him to visit France, Switzerland, Italy and Spain where he met important figures from the world of art. He held his second solo exhibition in Florence in 1948 and then exhibited in Venice. From 1949 to 1953 he worked as a jeweller and silversmith. He became a member of the London Group in 1957. From 1959 to 1960 he taught at the Central School of Art in London. In 1956 to 1957 he was awarded the Guggenheim Prize and the Grand Prix at the São Paulo Biennale in 1963....