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Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, installation artist.

Bauermeister lives and works in Cologne. In 1961, her work was featured in a group exhibition alongside American Pop artists Jaspar Johns and Robert Rauschenberg at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam; all three artists were unknown at that time. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Barbados.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Ashley Bickerton lives and works in Los Angeles. He arrived on the American art scene in the mid-1980s. With Peter Halley, Jeff Koons and Meyer Vaisman, Bickerton, he belongs to the group of artists known as the ...

Article

Swedish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957, in Stockholm.

Painter (mixed media).

Ernst Billgren studied at the Valand art academy (1982-1987). HIs paintings are presented with a flourish not dissimilar to Pop Art practices, the complexity of which adds a theatrical, distancing dimension. He has had many solo exhibitions in Sweden, and has participated in collective exhibitions in Sweden, Norway, Germany, Brasil and Mexico....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1932, in Dartford.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor.

Pop Art.

The Brotherhood of Ruralists.

Peter Blake studied between 1953 and 1956 at the Royal College of Art in London, from where the second wave of English Pop Art was launched, thanks to the spontaneous activity of its pupils. He was awarded the Leverhulme Research Award in 1956, to study popular art. Between 1956 and 1957 he made an extended journey to Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Holland and Belgium), and in 1961 was awarded the first Junior Prize from the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. In 1964 he was appointed a lecturer at the Royal College of Art in London and at the Walthamstow School of Art. In 1975 he was a founder member of the group of artists called The Brotherhood of Ruralists, whose participating artists had as their joint preoccupation an interest with a romantic connotation for the countryside and landscape. He left the group in 1983, at the time of his retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London. From 1994 to 1996 he was Associate Artist at the National Gallery in London....

Article

Catherine M. Grant

English painter and collagist. She studied stained glass at Wimbledon School of Art (1954–8), and at the Royal College of Art, London (1959–61). At the Royal College she continued to work with stained glass whilst privately making Surrealist-influenced collages and abstract paintings. Painting became the focus of her practice after finishing college, and in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Berlin.

Painter.

Pop Art.

Initially, K.P. Brehmer's work was formally very close to American Pop Art to the extent that he produced collages based on everyday objects, excerpts from the media and photographic or mechanical reproduction techniques to arrive at a distorted image of today's world and the consumer society. Subsequently, however, his work acquired more pronounced political undertones by the interpolation of two key elements - postage stamps and fragments of geopolitical maps. Brehmer also worked in cinema, directing films which focused on the problem of perception....

Article

Margo Machida

Asian American mixed-media and installation artist and cultural activist. Ken Chu came to the United States from Hong Kong in 1971, settling in California where he received a BFA in film studies from San Francisco Art Institute (1986). Relocating to New York City after graduation, his encounters with local Asian American artists, activists and cultural organizations supported his artistic efforts, in which he often drew upon subjects that emerged organically from personal experience in the US as a gay Asian man. Adopting popular cultural idioms from film and comics, while also drawing upon symbols and motifs from Chinese and other Asian cultures, his imagery from this pivotal period featured Asian men cast as prototypically American masculine figures, such as California surfers and cowboys, who populate colorful, imaginary scenarios of cross-cultural contact, mixing and desire. In Western societies, where the dominant norms are non-Asian and few viable role models for Asian men exist, Chu’s art strongly asserted their collective presence and place. His socially inspired work has since also engaged matters of anti-Asian violence, internalized racism, stereotyping, homophobia and the impact of AIDS on Asian diasporic communities....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1933, in McPherson (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, collage artist, assemblage artist, sculptor, film maker.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Bruce Conner studied at Wichita University; at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln where he received a BFA in 1956; at Brooklyn Art School (...

Article

Kristine Stiles

Process of unsticking and ripping through successive layers of glued paper. The term first appeared in print in the Dictionnaire abrégé du surréalisme accompanying the catalogue of the Exposition internationale du surréalisme held at the Galerie Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1938. The technique developed through the use of ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Cincinnati.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, assemblage artist, happenings artist, draughtsman, lithographer, photographer.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Jim Dine spent his childhood in his father’s painting and plumbing tool shop. He studied at the University of Cincinnati and then at Ohio University, leaving with a Bachelor of Arts in 1957. He also followed courses at Boston Museum School. In 1958 he settled in New York, participating in the birth of Pop Art and, more especially, Happening Art, participating in avant-garde group exhibitions. However, this allegiance to Pop Art has to be moderated to some extent; even though historically he lived this experience, he always added a somewhat poetic, sentimental nuance and retained an attachment to pictorial problems, something that brought him closer to another artist who found himself isolated during this period: Cy Twombly....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1939, in Godalming (Surrey).

Painter, collage artist, sculptor. Figures.

Pop Art.

Anthony Donaldson studied at the Slade School in London until 1962 and then at the Chelsea School of Fine Art. He was quick to pick up on the Pop Art that was popular in the 1960s and that derived its imagery from advertising, the cinema and magazines, and he soon became one of the major figures of British Pop Art. He used a collage technique to evoke striptease shows, showing a preference for muscular, sporty beauties. Later his painting became disengaged from the anecdotal element while still relying on images drawn from the mass media, advertising and photography....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Naples.

Painter.

New Representationalism.

Bruno Donzelli uses images based on figurative Pop Art and creates collages in which he juxtaposes these images with assemblages of forms. Since 1961 he has exhibited in all the principal Italian cities: Florence, Genoa, Venice, Rome, Milan and Naples....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1934, in Sevran.

Painter (mixed media).

Pop Art.

Alain Dufo studied at the College of Decorative Arts in Nice before spending five years at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. It seems probable that he also studied fine arts inasmuch as he went on to teach in various high schools and colleges, rising to the grade of assistant professor. His early work saw him participating in various Pop Art exhibitions and happenings, where his largely figurative work was distinguished by its inherent sense of humour. Overall, Dufo's painting divorces itself from conventional materials and formats, preferring to generate a sense of illusion which goes beyond trompe l'oeil. He paints 'plays on images' (analogous to 'plays on words') using transparent foundations to achieve unusual effects, such as a woman in her bath on the recto face and, on the verso, the submerged parts of her anatomy. His body of work and his choice of material is such that he continually poses the question: what is image and what is reality?...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1949, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter (mixed media), draughtswoman, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer.

Neo-Pop Art.

Carroll Dunham almost always paints on panels, integrating the natural unevenness of the wood into the structure of the work. Influenced by Pop Art, she creates biomorphic abstractions and tragi-comic figures combining grotesqueness and power. These creatures, which come from comic book culture and what is known as 'low art', are nevertheless painted with a skill that places them in the pictorial tradition of 'high art'. Peter Schjeldahl has compared her work to a confrontation between and a graffitist in a public toilet and Helen Frankenthaler. The interior violence of the paintings became more accentuated in the 1990s, expressing the multiple contradictions of contemporary American society....

Article

Reena Jana

American mixed-media artist of German birth and Asian descent. Ezawa studied at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf (1990–94) before moving to San Francisco in 1994. He received a BFA from the San Francisco Art Institute (1995) and an MFA from Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 June 1953, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media), screen printer.

Pop Art.

Dominique Fury points to the influence of Pop Art in her work, with its techniques, silk-screen transfers to canvas and images borrowed from the media, which she has freely put to her own use....

Article

Native American (Choctaw, Cherokee), 20th-21st century, male.

Born 31 March 1972, in Colorado.

Painter, sculptor, mixed-media artist.

Jeffrey Gibson received a BFA from the Art Institute of Chicago (1995) and an MFA from the Royal College of Art (1998), which was funded by his tribal group, the Mississippi Band of the Choctaw Nation. Since ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Turin.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist, performance artist.

Computer Art (Virtual Art).

Gilardi came into favour with the great wave of Pop Art that broke over the USA, but stood apart from it, sympathising more with the exponents of Arte Povera. He creates his ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Ireland from 1990.

Born 1961, in Great Britain.

Painter (mixed media).

Pop Art.

From 1980 to 1984, David Godbold studied at the Norwich School of Art and Design and then at Goldsmiths College in London. In 1999 to ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Oklahoma City.

Installation artist.

Joe Goode studied at the Chouinard Institute in Los Angeles. He takes objects from popular culture and uses Pop Art to turn them from their original function and place them into a monotone or empty 'spiritual' context. He began exhibiting in ...