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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter, collage artist.

Minimal Art, Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Peter Alexander studied at the University of Pennsylvania from 1957 to 1962, the Architectural Association of London from 1960 to 1962, and the University of California ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Quincy (Massachusetts).

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art.

Carl Andre attended the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts from 1951 to 1953, where he met Frank Stella. On a trip to Europe in 1954 he discovered Brancusi’s sculptures and megalithic monuments. He lives in New York....

Article

Jeremy Lewison

American sculptor. He attended the Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, from 1951 to 1953, and in 1954 he visited England, where he was greatly impressed by Stonehenge. From 1955 to 1956 he served in the US Army; in 1957 he moved to New York, where he began to write poetry. He also made drawings and sculpture in Perspex and wood. He met ...

Article

Robert Saltonstall Mattison

American sculptor and installation artist of Greek birth. Known for his neon environments, he has used light over five decades to explore spatial and temporal relationships. Settling with his family in New York in 1930, he graduated from Brooklyn Community College in 1947. Through the 1950s, he experimented with assemblage and was interested in Abstract Expressionism as well as Arte Povera. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Washington DC; died 9 February 2013, in Albany (New York).

Sculptor, installation artist, painter, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Richard Artschwager had a German father and a Russian mother. He studied in New Mexico, then at Cornell University in New York. He fought in World War II in England, France, and finally in Vienna. He completed his scientific studies at Cornell University but immediately abandoned this route and entered the studio of Amédée Ozenfant, who had just emigrated to New York. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Painter.

Edward Avedesian painting has evolved over the years from abstract expressionism, minimalism and pop-abstraction, through colour field painting in the 1970s, and then to a form of bold figuration. He has exhibited his work in New York and Los Angeles, notably at the Mitchell Algus Gallery in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 7 August 1929, in Seattle.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Jo Baer is interested in 'primary structures', reducing her compositions to a minimum; her style in the 1960s can be qualified as Hard Edge. A simple line of colour running parallel to the edge of the canvas, underlined by a black stripe, highlights the centre of the composition, which remains monochrome. The form and format have to match the tonality, whether glossy or matte, bright or pale. In the mid-1970s, Baer left New York for Europe and in doing so abandoned abstraction in favour of a representational style that she qualified as "radical figuration"....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Darby Bannard studied at Princeton University before devoting himself to painting. He was a close friend of Stella in the 1960s and may have suggested to him the principle of the shaped canvas....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Long Beach (California).

Painter (mixed media).

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, New Image.

Jennifer Bartlett grew up in Long Beach, and the ocean has always been a constant in her work. Her early work is midway between Minimalist and Conceptualist. Starting with a pattern of small dots screenprinted onto a series of identical steel plaques, she painted dotted lines in enamel, the number of dots in each line being calculated on the basis of a strict mathematical scheme. The concept of series was already prominent in this early phase. In the series entitled ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Niagara Falls; died 30 December 2014, in Accord (New York).

Painter.

Jake Berthot studied at the Pratt Institute of Design and the New School for Social Research, New York, from 1960 to 1962. Close to the American Minimalist movement, his painting features 'coloured fields'. It is not systematic, but is concerned with working the paint itself, something he has in common with Rothko....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

James Biederman was a sculptor at Yale University in the 1970s. He produced Minimalist paintings in the 1980s and then turned to a form of gritty, smudged abstraction that might be considered Abstract Landscapism. He has said that to reach the essence of sculpture, his body must always be moving and readjusting. Sculpture has its own world (simultaneously hiding and revealing fictitious space) and excludes him from that world. He feels both drawn into its kingdom and repulsed by his protuberances and tentacles....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Windham Center (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Between 1955 and 1959, Alan Cote studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School. From 1961 to 1964 he received a bursary that enabled him to study in Europe. He took part in group exhibitions in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Washington; died 1985.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Gene Davis studied at the University of Maryland from 1939 to 1942 and at the Wilson Teachers' College in Washington in 1943. He initially worked as a political journalist before teaching himself to paint. He took part in many group exhibitions, notably: in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1935, in Albany (California); died 25 July 2013, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Minimal Art, Land Art.

Walter De Maria studied the history of art at the University of Berkeley, and earned his MFA in 1959. His work cannot be neatly categorized within a single movement, but rather reaches across boundaries and includes Conceptual, Land, Installation, and Minimal Art. He initially participated in the Minimalist movement, of which he was one of the leaders with Robert Morris, Carl Andre, and Donald Judd, reducing his sculptures to simple geometric shapes and strategically engaging the use of gallery space in the interpretation of his works. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Oakland (California).

Sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Tony Delap executed works reflecting the minimalist trend that arrived on the American art scene during the 1960s. He exhibited in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York.

1966, Five Los Angeles sculptors: Larry Bell, Tony DeLap, David Gray, John McCracken and Kenneth Price...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1943, in Long Beach (California).

Painter, sculptor.

Minimalism.

John Laddie Dill was the brother of the sculptor Guy Dill. He studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles from 1964 to 1968. On graduating, he started a framing business with his former classmate Chuck Arnoldi before joining Gemini G.E.I. as an apprentice printer. Here he met Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein and Jasper Johns who were to influence his subsequent work. In ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

American painter. He completed a BA at Trinity College, Hartford, CT, in 1971 and later settled in New York. Initially influenced by Post-minimalism, process art and conceptual art, he was soon attracted to the tactility and allusions to the body in the work of Brice Marden, Robert Mangold and Robert Ryman. Spurred on by the revival of interest in Surrealism in the 1970s, Dunham began to make abstract, biomorphic paintings reminiscent of the work of Arshile Gorky and André Masson, executed with a comic twist enhanced by lurid colours and the suggestion of contemporary psychedelia. In the 1980s he began to paint on wood veneer and rose to prominence in the context of a broader return to painting in the period. ...

Article

Suzaan Boettger

Vast environments constructed of earth, or markings on it, made from the late 1960s to the early 1970s. The largely young, male New York sculptors who created them extended minimalism’s arrays of units making interior ‘environments’ into open outdoor spaces. The earthen cuts and mounds were made on remote terrain of little economic worth, such as western deserts and, as materials that would provide structure and permanence were eschewed, earthworks’ forms were transient—either ephemeral or unstable....

Article

Karen Kurczynski

The use of organic abstract form in sculpture evoking the gendered body through an emphasis on process and materials. Lucy Lippard coined the term for an article in Art International which formed the basis for an exhibition at Fischbach Gallery in New York in 1966...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 4 May 1937, in Houston.

Sculptor, print artist, monotype artist.

Minimal Art.

Mel Edwards studied at the University of Southern California, the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Chouinard Art Institute, Los Angeles. He began teaching at Rutgers University, near New Brunswick (New Jersey), in ...