He grew up in Warsaw. His father, the pseudonymous Jewish writer Melech Ravitch, owned books on German Expressionism, which were an early influence. Conscious of rising anti-Semitism in Poland, Ravitch visited Australia in 1934 and later arranged for his family to settle there. Bergner arrived in Melbourne in ...
British, 20th century, male.
Born 31 March 1880, in Auckland, New Zealand; died 6 May 1952.
Painter. Nudes, portraits, landscapes.
Sir Oswald Hornby Joseph Birley was the pupil of Marcel Baschet at the Académie Julian in Paris. Influenced by William Bouguereau, his portraits and studies of nudes were shown until ...
New Zealander, 20th century, male.
Born 9 June 1906, in Westport; died 15 April 1971, in London.
Painter, printmaker, graphic designer.
Artists' International Association, London Group.
James Boswell came to England to study at London's Royal Academy in 1925. In 1933 he joined the Communist Party and became a founder member of the ...
Australian, 20th century, male.
Born 4 June 1912, in Footscray (Victoria); died 26 July 2003, in Melbourne.
Painter. Figures, nudes, landscapes.
Sir William Dargie won the Archibald Prize, the most important portraiture prize, and regarded as the most prominent of all arts prizes in Australia, eight times. Notable portraits include those of Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh. During World War II, he served as an official war artist in New Guinea, Greece, Crete, the Middle East and India. He was head of the Victorian National Gallery Art School ...
American architectural firm started by Arthur Gensler Drue Gensler, and Jim Follett in 1965 in San Francisco, CA. M. Arthur Gensler jr (b Brooklyn, New York, 1935) attended Cornell University to study architecture (BArch, 1957). The firm began doing build-outs for retail stores and corporate offices, and initially established itself in the unglamorous area of interior architecture. Thirty years later and without mergers or acquisitions, it had grown to become one of the largest architecture firms in the world, having pioneered the global consultancy firm specializing in coordinated rollouts of multi-site building programmes. By ...
Australian, 20th century, male.
Born 13 June 1912, in Edwardstown, Adelaide; died 1 December 1993, in Bedford Park, Adelaide.
Painter. Scenes with figures.
At the age of eight, Ivor Hele joined James Ashton's art class at Prince Alfred College, Adelaide. In 1923 he began taking evening classes at the South Australian School of Arts and Crafts while receiving extra tuition from Marie Tuck. He travelled to Europe in 1928 and continued his studies under Biloul in Paris and Moliere in Munich. In 1932 he began teaching life drawing at the South Australian School of Arts and Crafts. Hele enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force in 1940 and was sent to serve in the Middle East. He was appointed an Official War Artist on 11 October 1941. In this capacity, he served in North Africa and New Guinea and in 1952, in Korea. From 1951 to 1957 he won the Archibald Prize for portraiture five times. He was awarded a CBE for services to art in 1969 and in 1983 he was knighted. Hele painted very large works in muted tones, using heavy impasto. While his figure studies, portraits and nudes appear fresh and spontaneous, they are underpinned by solid modelling and suffused with a marked luminosity that lends them a sculptural monumentality. Colour and tone vary to reflect the mood of the scene....
Australian, 20th century, male.
Born 22 September 1920, in Adelaide; died 18 January 1996, in Sydney.
Painter. Figures, urban landscapes.
Louis Robert James was employed as a draughtsman in the Department of Lands and Survey from 1937. During World War II, he served in the Australian forces in England, the Middle East, Palestine and Syria. He returned to the Department of Lands and Survey in ...
Australian draughtswoman, active in the USA. Of Iraqi descent, Khedoori was born and raised in Australia, going on to study at the San Francisco Art Institute where she was awarded a BFA in 1988, and then studying at the University of California, Los Angeles, where she received an MFA in ...
The market for ‘tribal art’ emerged in the first decades of the 20th century. By way of avant-garde artists and pioneering dealers, African and Oceanic art slowly became accepted as ‘art’—with its inclusion in the Musée du Louvre in Paris in 2000 as a decisive endorsement. Initially, it was referred to as ‘primitive art’—alluding to an early ‘primitive’ stage in human development; later replaced by the equally biased ‘tribal art’. While still used widely among dealers and collectors (for want of a better word and being conveniently short), the term ‘tribe’, or its derivative ‘tribal’, is frowned upon by the scholarly community....
Australian Aboriginal painter. Peters is a member of the Gija-speaking peoples from the East Kimberley region in North-western Australia. The Gija painting movement began around 1980 at Turkey Creek (now Warmun) and Peters worked closely with this first generation of ochre painters for 20 years as an educator in indigenous cultural programmes. His painting career began in ...
Noémie Goldman and Kim Oosterlinck
Term for the return of lost or looted cultural objects to their country of origin, former owners, or their heirs. The loss of the object may happen in a variety of contexts (armed conflicts, war, colonialism, imperialism, or genocide), and the nature of the looted cultural objects may also vary, ranging from artworks, such as paintings and sculptures, to human remains, books, manuscripts, and religious artefacts. An essential part of the process of restitution is the seemingly unavoidable conflict around the transfer of the objects in question from the current to the former owners. Ownership disputes of this nature raise legal, ethical, and diplomatic issues. The heightened tensions in the process arise because the looting of cultural objects challenges, if not breaks down, relationships between peoples, territories, cultures, and heritages....
Australian painter and museum administrator. He studied at Hornsey School of Art, London, and at Kingston School of Art (1937–40). After serving as a fighter pilot in World War II he continued his studies from 1947 to 1949 at the National Art School, East Sydney Technical College. In ...