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Article

Jan Minchin

He grew up in Warsaw. His father, the pseudonymous Jewish writer Melech Ravitch, owned books on German Expressionism, which were an early influence. Conscious of rising anti-Semitism in Poland, Ravitch visited Australia in 1934 and later arranged for his family to settle there. Bergner arrived in Melbourne in ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Peter Booth passed from Abstract-Minimal painting to a violent Expressionism in 1977, at which time he realised his first Figurative painting. His works frequently depict human misfortunes and torments, in chaotic compositions tinged with religious sentiments....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Tavria or Kershon; died 1917, in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator.

Symbolism, Futurism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider).

Vladimir Davidovich Burlyuk was the brother of David Burlyuk. He studied in Odessa and married the sister of the painter Lentulov. Along with his brother, he collaborated on the most important projects of the Russian avant-garde, including with the group ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, female.

Born 1894.

Painter, watercolourist.

The wife of the painter and illustrator Hugo Mund, Gizella Dömötör studied in Nagybanya. She painted in an Expressionist style between 1916 and 1918 and published Cubist drawings in 1917. She took part in collective exhibitions in Marosvásárhely (...

Article

Ursula Zeller

German painter, draughtsman, and illustrator. He is particularly valued for his caustic caricatures, in which he used the reed pen with notable success. Although his paintings are not quite as significant as his graphic art, a number of them are, nonetheless, major works. He grew up in the provincial town of Stolp, Pomerania (now Słupsk, Poland), where he attended the Oberrealschule, until he was expelled for disobedience. From ...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 1891, in Pardubice.

Painter, illustrator, engraver.

Jaroslav Grus studied with H. Schwaigra at the academy of arts in Prague. A figurative painter influenced by the Fauvist and Expressionist movements in Central Europe, he also executed engravings and illustrated books. He participated in numerous exhibitions of Czech painting....

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 22 October 1919, in Svedernik.

Painter, illustrator. Figures, animals.

Vincent Hloznik studied in Prague from 1937 to 1942 before settling in Bratislava. His work remains within that Expressionist tradition still very much alive in Central Europe, and is characterised by the inclusion of references to primitive art. Figures of humans and animals are used to convey the anguish of existence in an art that angrily expresses the painter's reaction to the oppressive regime set up after the defeat of Dubcek in ...

Article

Dutch painter, printmaker, illustrator, writer and stained-glass artist. He trained at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam (1886–90), under the directorship of August Allebé. Having initially painted and drawn Impressionistic landscapes, he started working in the ’t Gooi region in 1892, where, influenced by Vincent van Gogh and Jan Toorop, he made a number of Symbolist drawings and lithographs. In ...

Article

Sergey Kuznetsov

Lithuanian draughtsman, printmaker and illustrator. He studied at the Lithuanian State Institute of Art in Vilnius (1952–8) and taught there from 1961. During the early 1950s his drawing was impressionistic, as in Portrait of My Wife (1959; artist’s estate). He was also a follower of German Expressionism, as represented by the group Die Brücke. Towards the 1960s he developed two different styles of illustration: the first consisted of flat, flowing lines, used mainly in linocuts; the second consisted of sculptural shapes expressed in woodcuts. Krasauskas gradually moved towards the embodiment of abstract ideas in his work and became interested in zincography. From the mid-1960s he used his linear style to indicate the masculine creative principle and the sculptural to indicate eternal life, the feminine principle. The unpublished series of linocuts illustrating the Song of Songs (...

Article

Christoph Brockhaus

Austrian draughtsman, illustrator, painter and writer. In 1892 he was apprenticed in Klagenfurt to the landscape photographer Alois Beer. Though learning very little, he remained there until 1896, when he attempted to commit suicide as a result of his unstable disposition. A brief period in the Austrian army in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1961.

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Artists' books.

Benoît Lemoine graduated from the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1983. Initially Expressionist and Kinetic, his work developed into a form of Gestural Abstraction, consisting of signs and writings. His canvases are often painted on slightly eccentric cross-shaped stretchers and composed of canvases that have been assembled or placed close together. He has illustrated many books, such as ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 14 February 1930, in Radebeul.

Painter, illustrator.

Expressionism, fantasy and popular tradition are bizarrely mixed in his descriptive art where the humorous and tragic coalesce. He is predominantly an illustrator.

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 May 1895, in Szolnok.

Painter, illustrator.

Szenes painted portraits which, while giving the impression of a desire not to misrepresent the likeness, were not related to the works of Germanic Expressionism. Also a cartoonist, Szenes worked on the periodicals ...

Article

Slovene, 20th century, male.

Born 11 June 1881, in Potok; died 1957.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator.

Fran Tratnik studied at the Prague and Berlin Academies. He was one of the leading lights in Slovene Expressionism and contributed to a variety of illustrated magazines. He lived and worked in Ljubljana....

Article

G. Jansen

Dutch sculptor. He received his first artistic training in Amsterdam, first in the form of drawing lessons from painter and illustrator Bernard Willem Wierink (1856–1939) and later at the Quellinusschool under the direction of engineer Emmanuel Constant Edouard Colinet (1840–90) and at the School for Applied Arts. There he became friendly with, among others, Joseph Mendes da Costa; through the society Labor et Ars he met Gerrit Willem Dijsselhof, Jan Eisenlöffel, H. P. Berlage, K. P. C. de Bazel and J. L. Mathieu Lauweriks. In the company of these young artists, who disliked the traditional styles, his attention was directed particularly to ancient Egyptian and Assyrian art....

Article

Lenka Bydžovská

Czech painter and illustrator . He studied painting in Prague, first in private schools, then at the School of Applied Art (1907–9). In autumn 1907 he made his first, brief visit to Paris. Shortly after his return he succeeded for the first time in expressing his own inner world, infused with a new melancholy, in a small pastel ...