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Roberto Pontual

Brazilian printmaker and teacher. He worked initially as a printmaker and painter until 1933 when, influenced by Lasar Segall’s expressionism, he abandoned painting for wood-engraving, which he had first practised in São Paulo c. 1926. He initially treated social themes such as the São Paulo working class. Between ...

Article

David Anfam

Term applied to a movement in American painting that flourished in the 1940s and 1950s, sometimes referred to as the New York School or, very narrowly, as Action painting, although it was first coined in relation to the work of Vasily Kandinsky in 1929. The works of the generation of artists active in New York from the 1940s and regarded as Abstract Expressionists resist definition as a cohesive style; they range from ...

Article

David Anfam

Term applied to the work of American Abstract Expressionists such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and, by extension, to the art of their followers at home and abroad during the 1950s. An alternative but slightly more general term is gestural painting; the other division within ...

Article

Joan Marter

Ukrainian sculptor, active in Paris and in the USA. He began studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902 but was forced to leave in 1905 after criticizing the academicism of his instructors. In 1906 he went to Moscow, where, according to the artist, he participated in some group exhibitions (Archipenko, p. 68). In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1907, in Raymond (Washington); died 1994.

Painter.

Darrel Austin set himself the task of rendering the dramas and conflicts of the human condition, via an Expressionist vision, between the two world wars.

New York, 11 Nov 1959: Lady of the Night...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Painter.

Edward Avedesian painting has evolved over the years from abstract expressionism, minimalism and pop-abstraction, through colour field painting in the 1970s, and then to a form of bold figuration. He has exhibited his work in New York and Los Angeles, notably at the Mitchell Algus Gallery in New York in ...

Article

Judith Zilczer

Term applied to a group of American artists active in San Francisco from 1950 to the mid-1960s who forged a vibrant brand of figurative expressionism. Originating in the studios and art schools of postwar San Francisco, the movement transcended its regional identity to attain national recognition as a major trend in mid-20th-century American art....

Article

Frances K. Smith

Canadian painter of German birth. He was self-taught as an artist while in Danzig during the 1920s. He was attracted by Expressionist ideas and studied the work of contemporary artists in Germany through exhibitions and in books. Equally important was his experience of nature in the Baltic coastal region. A small, vivid painting, ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in San Diego (California); died 1984.

Painter.

From 1947 to 1951, Ernest Briggs studied under Clyfford Still, leader of Abstract Expressionism at the California School of Fine Arts. He lived in New York from 1953 and took part in numerous group exhibitions, notably the San Francisco Art Association Annuals in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in São Paulo.

Engraver.

Chiaverini's work is based on a style at once Symbolic and Expressionist.

Article

Corinne Robins

African American painter. Edward Clark experienced the excitement of being part of the younger generation of Abstract Expressionists and over a period of 50 years built up a solid body of work that has made something both unique and original out of his commitment to Jackson Pollock’s (...

Article

Sharon Matt Atkins

American painter, printmaker and teacher. Colescott produced highly expressive and gestural paintings that addressed a wide range of social and cultural themes and challenged stereotypes. Interested in issues of race, gender and power, his work critiqued the representation of minorities in literature, history, art and popular culture. Stylistically, his work is indebted to European modernism, particularly Cubism and Expressionism, but also makes references to African sculpture, African American art and post–World War II American styles....

Article

David Anfam

Term referring to the work of such Abstract Expressionists as Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, and Clyfford Still and to various subsequent American painters, including Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Frank Stella, Jules Olitski, and Helen Frankenthaler. The popularity of the concept stemmed largely from Clement Greenberg’s formalist art criticism, especially his essay ‘American-type Painting’, written in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1901, in Woods Place (Louisiana).

Sculptor.

Clyde Connel worked with a range of materials, including papier mâché and iron, making pieces that are often abstract or Expressionist in style. From 1955 onward she took part in various exhibitions, notably: in Shreveport, Louisiana, in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Itagiba.

Sculptor.

Kinetic Art.

Mario Cravo wa a pupil of Mestrovicz in New York. Even though his sculptures were initially Expressionist in style, he later turned towards kinetic art by assembling various welded materials. He took part in the 26th Venice Biennale and the São Paulo Biennales in ...

Article

Ricardo Pau-Llosa

Cuban painter, active in the USA. He left Cuba in 1960 and settled in New York, where from 1966 to 1969 he studied at the School of Visual Arts. He was a protagonist of the neo-expressionist movement that emerged in New York in the 1970s (...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Salto.

Painter, decorative designer. Murals.

José Echave was self-taught. He produced mural paintings and theatrical sets and was influenced by the Expressionist trend that characterised the development of painting in Latin America. He first exhibited in his native town of Salto. He later moved to Montevideo where he worked on a fresco with Portinari. His first solo exhibition took place in Salto around ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in La Plata.

Sculptor.

Ruben Elosegui joined the school of sculpture at the fine arts academy of La Plata. He carved abstract, expressionist pieces.

Article

The term ‘expressionism’ refers in general to the deliberate distortion and exaggeration of forms for expressive effect in artworks. It may also be used with reference to particular historical or cultural iterations—as in (most commonly) German Expressionism, which refers to specific artists and practices of the early 20th century (...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Little Current.

Sculptor.

John Fillion's sculptures are figurative and Expressionist and their subject is often truncated human bodies. The internal surfaces in particular are cracked and contrast with the polished parts.

Reeves, John: John Fillion: Thoughts about my Sculpture...