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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1943, in Paris.

Painter.

Abramson was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and has been influenced by Cubism and its legacy.

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 July 1921, in Tunis; died 1988.

Painter.

Dominique Agnello was somewhat influenced by Cubism, like many of his generation, but distanced himself from it with his use of strong colours and a tormented style.

From 1953, his works were exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and at the Salon d'Automne....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Loreto; died 1992, in Milan.

Painter. Still-lifes.

Attilio Alfieri began to paint under the dual influence of Cubism and Futurism. Around 1930 he experimented also with the collage technique. Afterwards he went through a period of Classical Representation, and then evolved in the direction of an informal, material Abstraction. Thick and generous materials are fairly constant throughout his many different periods. This is particularly true of his Representational art and can be observed in the skilful brushwork of his series of vegetable still-lifes....

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter. A seminal figure, Shakir ‛Ali introduced Cubism to Lahore in 1952. His style quickly became fashionable there, was adopted in Karachi and dominated the art scene for more than a decade (see Pakistan, Islamic Republic of, §III).

Shakir ‛Ali first studied painting at the Ukil Brothers Studio in Delhi. In ...

Article

Philip Cooper

French critic and poet. His poetry was influenced by Joachim du Bellay (1522–60), Charles Baudelaire and Auguste Angellier (1848–1911), and the many volumes he published include La Féerie des heures (Paris and Lille, 1902) and L’Appartement des jeunes filles (Paris, ...

Article

Hajo Düchting

French poet and writer. He loved to hint at his ‘dark’ origins: he was the illegitimate son of Angélique-Alexandrine Kostrowitzky, an eccentric beauty from a Polish noble family under the protection of the Roman Curia, and Francesco Flugi d’Aspermont, a former officer in the Royal Army of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. When the liaison ended Apollinaire was placed under the wing of the Bishop of Monaco, Monseigneur Theuret, and went through an exciting period of travel and education in Catholic schools on the French Riviera, where his mother had settled. Apollinaire liked to ascribe his genesis to a cardinal or even to Pope Pius IX himself....

Article

French, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1960, in Paris.

Painter. Enamels. Still-lifes.

Gilles Apruzzese studied painting at a small atelier in Paris. His work, combining oil, acrylic and collage, was influenced by the cubism of Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. He has also experimented with enamel on copper....

Article

Joan Marter

Ukrainian sculptor, active in Paris and in the USA. He began studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902 but was forced to leave in 1905 after criticizing the academicism of his instructors. In 1906 he went to Moscow, where, according to the artist, he participated in some group exhibitions (Archipenko, p. 68). In ...

Article

Philip Cooper

Art form in which natural and manufactured, traditionally non-artistic, materials and objets trouvés are assembled into three-dimensional structures. As such it is closely related to Collage, and like collage it is associated with Cubism, although its origins can be traced back beyond this. As much as by the materials used, it can be characterized by the way in which they are treated. In an assemblage the banal, often tawdry materials retain their individual physical and functional identity, despite artistic manipulation. The term was coined by ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Chartres; died June 1988, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist.

Claude Augereau was a pupil at the École des Arts Appliqués in Paris before working with the Cubist Jean Metzinger. He took part in various annual Paris exhibitions, but later restricted himself to the Salon de Mai and the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, where he was a committee member and designer of the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 11 October 1891, in Cleveland (Ohio); died 30 December 1948, in Woodstock (New York), committed suicide.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, printmaker, lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

George Ault grew up in London where his father worked in ink manufacturing and studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and St John's Wood School of Art. He returned to the USA in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, near Hamburg.

Painter, watercolourist.

After painting austere compositions in sombre, tasteful colours, inspired by the cubism of Feininger, Gerhard Ausborn gravitated towards a purely abstract style that renounced figurative elements. In 2003, the Kunsthalle in Hamburg devoted an exhibition to him entitled ...

Article

Swiss painter and multimedia artist . From 1890/91 she studied under Hugues Bovy (1841–1903) and Denise Sarkissof at the Ecole d’Art in Geneva. A travel scholarship enabled her to study in Munich for a year. From 1904 until the outbreak of World War I Bailly lived in Paris, where she associated with Cubist artists, including Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Marie Laurencin and Sonia Lewitska (...

Article

Colette Giraudon

Complex of artists’ studios in Paris established in 1889. Planning permission to convert a wooden building at 13, Rue Ravignan in the Montmartre district from a locksmith’s workshop into artists’ studios was sought by its owner on 19 June 1889, and the restoration work was entrusted to the architect ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Switzerland.

Born 1956, in Italy.

Painter.

Domenico Battista trained in Caracas from 1967 to 1971.

From an abstract-geometric style he developed a representational approach derived from cubism and constructivism. He used shapes outlined in black to fix a composition painted in whole, clear tones. He first showed his work in Venezuela in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Cluny.

Painter.

Baudinière lives in St-Tropez (Var). He was a follower of Albert Gleizes and was influenced like him by the developments in Cubism leading to Abstraction and spirituality. In 1947 he participated in the historic exhibition mounted in the earliest years of the Galerie Maeght in Paris, ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 4 December 1937, in Paris.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Stage costumes and sets.

Jacques Bazin began painting when still at school. Initially influenced by Cubism, he soon discovered Surrealism and was a friend of Dalí for some 20 years. He began exhibiting work in ...

Article

Lenka Bydžovská

In 1902–4 he studied at the Prague School of Applied Art and in 1904–7 at the Academy of Fine Arts. After visiting Dresden, Berlin, Munich and Paris, he returned to Prague and joined Eight, the, which had been set up by his former fellow students; he exhibited at the group’s second show in ...

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1893; died 1976.

Sculptor.

Christian Berg belongs to the pioneering generation of modern Swedish sculpture. Influenced from the 1920s by the rhythm of geometric Cubism, he was also interested in the so-called 'classical' sculpture of 1900. He sculpted reliefs with hollows and negative volumes, as well as reliefs in the round with positive volumes. In the scale and harmony of his sculpture, Berg approaches the spirit of antiquity in his reflective and well-constructed work....

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1906; died 1989.

Painter. Figures, still-lifes.

Bo Beskow painted Cubist themes of his own choosing - static portraits and still-lifes - in a successful synthesis of Picasso and Matisse. His synthetic and flat graphic style recalls Matisse's decorative characteristics.

Stockholm...