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Joan Marter

Ukrainian sculptor, active in Paris and in the USA. He began studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902 but was forced to leave in 1905 after criticizing the academicism of his instructors. In 1906 he went to Moscow, where, according to the artist, he participated in some group exhibitions (Archipenko, p. 68). In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 11 October 1891, in Cleveland (Ohio); died 30 December 1948, in Woodstock (New York), committed suicide.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, printmaker, lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

George Ault grew up in London where his father worked in ink manufacturing and studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and St John's Wood School of Art. He returned to the USA in ...

Article

M. Sue Kendall

American painter. He studied in New York under William Merritt Chase (1901) and Robert Henri (1903). In 1903 he went to Paris and was organizer, with Sarah Stein, of Matisse’s school. From 1912 he was closely associated with Sonia Delaunay and Robert Delaunay. He remained in Paris until ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Lancaster (Pennsylvania); died 1935, in Lancaster.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes, industrial landscapes, still-lifes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

After studying at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Charles Demuth made his first trip to Europe in 1907-1908, visiting London, Berlin and Paris. He lived in Paris between 1912 and 1914, during which time he followed courses at the Académie Julian and found himself influenced by the Fauves and, more particularly, Matisse. On returning to the USA in 1915, he joined the circle of painters that gravitated around the photographer Alfred Stieglitz and met Marcel Duchamp, who was to be a major influence on his work....

Article

Anne Cannon Palumbo

American illustrator and painter. After a short apprenticeship to a wood-engraver and several years in a Philadelphia lithographic shop, he achieved recognition as a comic illustrator with the publication of Out of the Hurly Burly (London, 1874) by Max Adeler (the pseudonym of C. H. Clarke). Shortly thereafter he joined the staff of ...

Article

Anthony W. Lee

American painter, poet, essayist and inventor. Gee traveled to San Francisco in 1921, joining his father, a merchant in Chinatown. In 1925 he enrolled at the California School of Fine Arts (now the San Francisco Art Institute) where he took classes with Otis Oldfield (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1900, in Philadelphia; died 1965.

Painter.

Margaret Ralston Gest was primarily a watercolorist, with cubist stylistic tendencies. She attended the Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1924 to 1928. From 1928...

Article

Alan G. Wilkinson

French sculptor of Russian birth active in the USA. Lipchitz grew up in Druskieniki. His father, a Jewish building contractor, opposed his son’s desire to become a sculptor, but his mother was sympathetic and arranged for him to go to Paris in 1909. He arrived with no formal academic training and studied briefly at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts before transferring to the Académie Julian. Mornings were spent drawing and modelling from life; during the rest of the day he visited museums. Lipchitz’s early nudes and portraits of ...

Article

Sascha Scott

American painter and printmaker of Czech birth. Matulka was raised in South Bohemia (now the Czech Republic) and began his artistic training in Prague in 1905, which was interrupted when he immigrated to the USA with his parents in 1907. They settled in the Bronx, and soon after he enrolled in the National Academy of Design. He completed his training in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Chicago.

Painter.

Arthur Osver, a pupil at the Art Institute of Chicago, travelled in France and Italy and lived and worked in New York. He started as a Cubist, but moved towards abstraction. He was represented in numerous exhibitions, at the Carnegie Foundation and at Pittsburgh, and at the Paris exhibition of ...

Article

Deborah A. Middleton

American art historian and museum curator. Rubin has been credited with defining the historical narrative of modern art through his writings and exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in the 1970s, and 1980s. The vision of founding director Alfred H(amilton) Barr...

Article

Wilford W. Scott

American painter and photographer. After training as an architect at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (A.B., 1903), he studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, also in Philadelphia, from 1903 to 1906 under William Merritt Chase, with whom he travelled to Europe. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1883, in Philadelphia; died 7 May 1965, in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, printmaker, draughtsman, photographer. City views, rural landscapes, industrial views, nudes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Charles Sheeler studied at the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts and was then taught by the painter and printmaker William Merritt Chase in New York. From Chase, Sheeler learned the technique of quick strokes, inspired by the Munich Expressionists, which was a feature of his early work. He lived for a time in London, the Netherlands, and Spain and also in Paris, where he came across Cubism and the work of Henri Matisse....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 4 July 1880, in Grand Haven; died 1962.

Painter.

Judson Smith was taught by John La Farge, Twachtman and Kenyon Cox. He worked at Woodstock. He executed monumental decoration according to Cubist principles. He won first prize at the Detroit Institute of Art in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 16 May 1893, in Pawtucket (Rhode Island); died 15 May 1952, in Dingman's Ferry (Pennsylvania).

Painter. Interiors, architectural views, landscapes, urban landscapes. Murals.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Niles Spencer studied at the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence and at the Art Students League in New York, where he attended the workshops of Georges Bellow and Robert Henri in ...