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American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Lancaster (Pennsylvania); died 1935, in Lancaster.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes, industrial landscapes, still-lifes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

After studying at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Charles Demuth made his first trip to Europe in 1907-1908, visiting London, Berlin and Paris. He lived in Paris between 1912 and 1914, during which time he followed courses at the Académie Julian and found himself influenced by the Fauves and, more particularly, Matisse. On returning to the USA in 1915, he joined the circle of painters that gravitated around the photographer Alfred Stieglitz and met Marcel Duchamp, who was to be a major influence on his work....

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, female.

Born 1894.

Painter, watercolourist.

The wife of the painter and illustrator Hugo Mund, Gizella Dömötör studied in Nagybanya. She painted in an Expressionist style between 1916 and 1918 and published Cubist drawings in 1917. She took part in collective exhibitions in Marosvásárhely (...

Article

Anne Cannon Palumbo

American illustrator and painter. After a short apprenticeship to a wood-engraver and several years in a Philadelphia lithographic shop, he achieved recognition as a comic illustrator with the publication of Out of the Hurly Burly (London, 1874) by Max Adeler (the pseudonym of C. H. Clarke). Shortly thereafter he joined the staff of ...

Article

Anthony Parton

Russian painter, stage designer, printmaker and illustrator. She was a leading artist of the Russian avant-garde in the early 20th century but became a celebrity in the West through her work for Serge (de) Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes. During the 1920s she played a significant role within the ...

Article

Christopher Green

Spanish painter, draughtsman, illustrator and writer, active in France. His artistic career was spent almost exclusively in France, where he was considered one of the leading Cubist painters from 1912 until his death. An artist valued for the depth and consistency of his approach rather than as an innovator, he is recognized for his independent and distinctive approach to Cubism and as one of its most influential later practitioners and theoreticians....

Article

Charlotte Humphreys

Russian poet and critic of Ukrainian birth. He is best known for his creation of Russian Futurist books between 1912 and 1916 in collaboration with the avant-garde artists Natal’ya Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, Kazimir Malevich and Ol’ga Rozanova. These books, some of which were written with ...

Article

Anthony Parton

Russian painter, stage designer, printmaker, illustrator, draughtsman and writer of Moldovan birth. He was a leader of the Russian avant-garde before World War I but came to prominence in the West through his work for Serge Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes. During the 1920s he played a significant role within the ...

Article

Isabelle Monod-Fontaine

French sculptor, collagist, printmaker and illustrator. He came from a family of coopers and c. 1899 joined the studio of a sculptor of building ornaments, practising direct carving on building sites and studying academic drawings in the evenings. In 1902 he settled in the Montmartre district of Paris, where in ...

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Judi Freeman

French painter, draughtsman, illustrator, printmaker, stage designer, film maker, and ceramicist. Among the most prominent artists in Paris in the first half of the 20th century, he was prolific in many media and articulated a consistent position on the role of art in society in his many lectures and writings. His mature work underwent many changes, from a Cubist-derived abstraction in the 1910s to a distinctive realist imagery in the 1950s. Léger attracted numerous students to his various schools, and his ideas and philosophy were disseminated by modern artists throughout Europe and the Americas....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1890, in Gleisdorf.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Bartholomäus Stefferl the Younger was the son of Bartholomäus Stefferl the Elder. He was influenced by cubism. He engraved book illustrations.

Article

John Milner

Term coined in 1915 by Kazimir Malevich for a new system of art, explained in his booklet Ot kubizma i futurizma k suprematizmu: Novyy zhivopisnyy realizm (‘From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism: the new realism in painting’). The term itself implied the supremacy of this new art in relation to the past. Malevich saw it as purely aesthetic and concerned only with form, free from any political or social meaning. He stressed the purity of shape, particularly of the square, and he regarded Suprematism as primarily an exploration of visual language comparable to contemporary developments in writing. Suprematist paintings were first displayed at the exhibition ...

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Daniel Robbins

Russian painter, designer and illustrator. He was directed to enter the piano factory operated by his Finnish father, and besides learning the piano he took a commercial diploma in 1897. After becoming severely ill at the age of 22, he rethought his career and entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Introduced to the modern movement through the collections of Sergey Shchukin and Ivan Morosov, he joined the ranks of the Moscow avant-garde and by ...

Article

Daniel Robbins

French painter, printmaker and illustrator. The oldest of three brothers who became major 20th-century artists, including Raymond Duchamp-Villon and Marcel Duchamp, he learnt engraving at the age of 16 from his maternal grandfather, Emile-Frédéric Nicolle (1830–94), a ship-broker who was also a much appreciated amateur artist. In ...

Article

Lenka Bydžovská

Czech painter and illustrator . He studied painting in Prague, first in private schools, then at the School of Applied Art (1907–9). In autumn 1907 he made his first, brief visit to Paris. Shortly after his return he succeeded for the first time in expressing his own inner world, infused with a new melancholy, in a small pastel ...