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Joan Marter

Ukrainian sculptor, active in Paris and in the USA. He began studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902 but was forced to leave in 1905 after criticizing the academicism of his instructors. In 1906 he went to Moscow, where, according to the artist, he participated in some group exhibitions (Archipenko, p. 68). In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 11 October 1891, in Cleveland (Ohio); died 30 December 1948, in Woodstock (New York), committed suicide.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, printmaker, lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

George Ault grew up in London where his father worked in ink manufacturing and studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and St John's Wood School of Art. He returned to the USA in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1906; died 1974.

Painter.

Although in his early stages, Bonadei's painting was characterised by academicism, in around 1935 he moved towards a simplification of forms and space, following the example of the Cubists. His colours remained muted and gentle, managing to balance emotion and reason, but becoming warmer again, sometimes with a hint of Matisse. He very occasionally painted human figures....

Article

M. Sue Kendall

American painter. He studied in New York under William Merritt Chase (1901) and Robert Henri (1903). In 1903 he went to Paris and was organizer, with Sarah Stein, of Matisse’s school. From 1912 he was closely associated with Sonia Delaunay and Robert Delaunay. He remained in Paris until ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1896.

Painter. Landscapes, still-lifes.

Domingo Candia's painting is strongly influenced by the Cubists, particularly Braque. He composed still-lifes using very simple everyday objects, not hesitating to sacrifice superficial appearance in favour of artistic organisation. He took the same liberties with his landscapes, which he forcefully recomposed depending on the format to be adopted. He exhibited several times at the national museum of modern art in Buenos Aires, particularly in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Salvador (Bahia).

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Genaro de Carvalho was a student at the school of art in Paris, although he was more influenced by the tempered Cubism of André Lhote. In 1950 he added to his means of visual expression when he discovered tapestry making. From ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born 5 September 1906, in St Catherines (Ontario); died 27 April 1978, in New York.

Painter, lithographer, photographer.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Ralston Crawford was brought up in Buffalo, NY and spent some time working as a sailor. From 1926-1927, he studied at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, and from 1927-1930 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Hugh Breckenridge among others, and at the Barnes Foundation, Merion Station. He travelled widely in Europe, America, Egypt and the South Pacific and held a number of posts as visiting lecturer and artist at various colleges and universities in America, including the Fine Arts Academies in Buffalo and Cincinnati, the Brooklyn Museum and the University of Nebraska....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Lancaster (Pennsylvania); died 1935, in Lancaster.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes, industrial landscapes, still-lifes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

After studying at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Charles Demuth made his first trip to Europe in 1907-1908, visiting London, Berlin and Paris. He lived in Paris between 1912 and 1914, during which time he followed courses at the Académie Julian and found himself influenced by the Fauves and, more particularly, Matisse. On returning to the USA in 1915, he joined the circle of painters that gravitated around the photographer Alfred Stieglitz and met Marcel Duchamp, who was to be a major influence on his work....

Article

Anne Cannon Palumbo

American illustrator and painter. After a short apprenticeship to a wood-engraver and several years in a Philadelphia lithographic shop, he achieved recognition as a comic illustrator with the publication of Out of the Hurly Burly (London, 1874) by Max Adeler (the pseudonym of C. H. Clarke). Shortly thereafter he joined the staff of ...

Article

Anthony W. Lee

American painter, poet, essayist and inventor. Gee traveled to San Francisco in 1921, joining his father, a merchant in Chinatown. In 1925 he enrolled at the California School of Fine Arts (now the San Francisco Art Institute) where he took classes with Otis Oldfield (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1900, in Philadelphia; died 1965.

Painter.

Margaret Ralston Gest was primarily a watercolorist, with cubist stylistic tendencies. She attended the Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1924 to 1928. From 1928...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Cuba.

Painter.

Julio Herrera-Zapata's work shows the legacy of Cubism and Surrealism; he can be described as a metaphysical realist. Around 1973 his style changed and he began to combine on the same canvas elements of almost photographic realism with other more blurred elements, as if depicting movement....

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900 or 1910; died 1970.

Painter. Murals.

After spending time in Mexico, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo turned his hand to producing work with a strong social message in a style displaying the influence of European Cubism and Abstraction.

New York, 13 May 1983...

Article

Alan G. Wilkinson

French sculptor of Russian birth active in the USA. Lipchitz grew up in Druskieniki. His father, a Jewish building contractor, opposed his son’s desire to become a sculptor, but his mother was sympathetic and arranged for him to go to Paris in 1909. He arrived with no formal academic training and studied briefly at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts before transferring to the Académie Julian. Mornings were spent drawing and modelling from life; during the rest of the day he visited museums. Lipchitz’s early nudes and portraits of ...

Article

Sascha Scott

American painter and printmaker of Czech birth. Matulka was raised in South Bohemia (now the Czech Republic) and began his artistic training in Prague in 1905, which was interrupted when he immigrated to the USA with his parents in 1907. They settled in the Bronx, and soon after he enrolled in the National Academy of Design. He completed his training in ...

Article

Nelly Perazzo

Argentine painter and diplomat. Although trained as an architect, he began painting while living in Paris as a diplomat from 1948 to 1950, taking a particular interest in the structural methods of Cubism, the colour sense of Pierre Bonnard and the subtlety of Paul Klee’s paintings; his concern with light also emerged at this time. On his return to Buenos Aires in ...

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912.

Painter. Murals.

Ospina was influenced by contemporary European art. He played an important historical role in the development of Colombian art by introducing the ideas of Cubism and Abstraction.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Chicago.

Painter.

Arthur Osver, a pupil at the Art Institute of Chicago, travelled in France and Italy and lived and worked in New York. He started as a Cubist, but moved towards abstraction. He was represented in numerous exhibitions, at the Carnegie Foundation and at Pittsburgh, and at the Paris exhibition of ...

Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter and museum director. He began to paint at the age of 14 and in 1911 travelled to Italy on a state scholarship. He studied in Florence with Giovanni Giacometti and in 1913 settled in Milan, later engaging in discussions about Futurism with Carlo Carrà, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and Alberto Sartoris. His paintings, however, showed very little influence from Futurism, owing more to Synthetic Cubism. In ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Botocatu.

Painter.

Leopold Raymo was a doctor working in São Paulo and a self-taught painter inspired by Cubism. In 1950 he often visited the Abstaction studio led by painter Samson Flexor, and formed part of the group of abstract artists in São Paulo, exhibiting his paintings along with theirs....