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David Anfam

Term applied to the work of American Abstract Expressionists such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and, by extension, to the art of their followers at home and abroad during the 1950s. An alternative but slightly more general term is gestural painting; the other division within ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Painter.

Edward Avedesian painting has evolved over the years from abstract expressionism, minimalism and pop-abstraction, through colour field painting in the 1970s, and then to a form of bold figuration. He has exhibited his work in New York and Los Angeles, notably at the Mitchell Algus Gallery in New York in ...

Article

Barbara Haskell

American painter and printmaker. Avery spent his childhood in Hartford, CT, where he remained until 1925, attending art school from 1911 to 1919 and thereafter painting in the surrounding countryside. His works from this period are characterized by shiny, enamel-like surfaces, created by applying colours with brushes and a palette knife and blending them with his fingers. After marrying and moving to New York in ...

Article

Matico Josephson

American painter and teacher of Lithuanian birth. Baranik migrated to the United States in 1938 and served in the US Army in World War II. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago (1946–8) and at the Art Students League in New York, where he met painter May Stevens, whom he later married. Stevens and Baranik lived in Paris from ...

Article

Judith Zilczer

Term applied to a group of American artists active in San Francisco from 1950 to the mid-1960s who forged a vibrant brand of figurative expressionism. Originating in the studios and art schools of postwar San Francisco, the movement transcended its regional identity to attain national recognition as a major trend in mid-20th-century American art....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Florence.

Painter.

Vinicio Berti started exhibiting in 1939. He went through a realist stage but went on to work as an abstract expressionist. He showed his work at the 1959 Rome Quadriennale and was awarded the Fiorino Prize in Florence in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 July 1921, in Verona.

Sculptor.

Bogoni exhibited highly abstract Expressionist sculpture at the 1966 Venice Biennale .

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in San Diego (California); died 1984.

Painter.

From 1947 to 1951, Ernest Briggs studied under Clyfford Still, leader of Abstract Expressionism at the California School of Fine Arts. He lived in New York from 1953 and took part in numerous group exhibitions, notably the San Francisco Art Association Annuals in ...

Article

Corinne Robins

African American painter. Edward Clark experienced the excitement of being part of the younger generation of Abstract Expressionists and over a period of 50 years built up a solid body of work that has made something both unique and original out of his commitment to Jackson Pollock’s (...

Article

David Anfam

Term referring to the work of such Abstract Expressionists as Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, and Clyfford Still and to various subsequent American painters, including Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Frank Stella, Jules Olitski, and Helen Frankenthaler. The popularity of the concept stemmed largely from Clement Greenberg’s formalist art criticism, especially his essay ‘American-type Painting’, written in ...

Article

Marshall N. Price

American painter. Born Millard James Ferren, following high school in Los Angeles, Ferren took the first name John and moved to San Francisco where he learned stonecarving, worked as a telephone engineer and had contact with modernist artists such as Yun Gee and Rinaldo Cuneo (...

Article

Anne K. Swartz

American painter. Fishman is an abstract painter who came of age at the end of the 1960s when Abstract Expressionism was the dominant mode of painting and the Women’s Movement was gaining momentum. She attended the Philadelphia College of Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, eventually receiving her BFA and BS degree from Tyler School of Fine Arts. There she received two senior prizes—the First Painting Prize, Student Exhibit, Tyler School of Art, and the Bertha Lowenberg Prize for the Senior Woman to Excel in Art (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951.

Painter.

Christian Florio studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, where he lives and works.

Though he was initially an abstract expressionist, Florio's exuberant compositions include figurative elements within an abstract framework, giving the impression of an old-fashioned mind expressing itself in a postmodern style. In contrast to these, he also creates works in a hyperrealist style, reproducing the folds in a piece of paper, or the metal blades of an awning. Reality, however, is always suggested rather than explicit; and serves as a point of departure for a simple architecture consisting of flat planes, occasionally broken by elusive markings....

Article

Anna Moszynska

American painter and printmaker. Following an accident leading to spinal tuberculosis while serving in the US Army Air Corps, Francis started to paint for distraction in 1944, studying privately under David Park in 1947. He subsequently relinquished his earlier medical studies in favor of painting, completing his BA (...

Article

Christopher Brookeman

American painter and printmaker. Frankenthaler studied with Rufino Tamayo while at Dalton School, New York, with Paul Feeley (1910–66) at Bennington College, VT (1946–9), and privately with Wallace Harrison in 1949 and Hans Hofmann in 1950. In that year she met Clement Greenberg, David Smith, Jackson Pollock, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning and others. Like several of the exponents of ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 23 May 1934, in Montreal; died 16 April 2003, in Montreal.

Painter.

Charles Gagnon trained during a stay in New York from 1956 until 1960, when Abstract Expressionism was at its height. It is therefore natural that Expressionism should have had a very strong influence on him in his early career, and at his first exhibition in Montreal his paintings were considered unrestrained and frenzied. His use of vivid colours with a total disregard for unity, violent brush strokes and areas simply spattered with paint resulted in work that was expressive rather than decorative. However, he developed from the spontaneity of Abstract Expressionism to a form of reflection on the act of painting itself. He divided the painting into superimposed squares, and when he wanted to break up the surface to catch the colour modulations, he incorporated steel plates into his pictures. His painting developed a certain refinement in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Sébastien de Ganay first exhibited in Paris in a solo exhibition at the Galerie Jacqueline Moussion.

His work is suggestive of Abstract Expressionism but is based on an original process. He covers the stretcher with sheets of plastic film containing paint and waits for several weeks for the colour to set....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in Chalon-sur-Saône.

Painter.

Patrick Germinagni was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons and Paris, the latter of which he attended in 1974. Abstract Expressionist, his painting, especially on papier-mâché forms, falls into the informal. Graphic marks and sensual references can be deciphered, such as the imprint of bodies, the idea of a face resting on hands, and questioning eyes. He created an art studio for the inmates of the St Joseph Prison in Lyons. He has shown work in group exhibitions, including the ...

Article

American painter. From 1936 to 1940 he studied at Syracuse University, NY, and he was then drafted into the army. On being discharged he settled in New York in 1946 and attended the Amédée Ozenfant School of Fine Arts. The following year he studied with ...

Article

Harry Rand

American painter of Armenian birth. One of the most illustrious artists of the post-war New York School, he began his life in possibly the most obscure circumstances of any international modern master. His father emigrated to the USA to avoid conscription into the Turkish Army in World War I; in the Turkish persecution of the Armenians, Gorky’s mother died in her son’s arms after a 120-mile march. With his sister (who later figured prominently in his paintings) Gorky made his way to the coast and then, by ship, to the USA, arriving at New York in ...