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British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1965.

Born 12 August 1936, in Cologne.

Environmental artist, installation artist, photomontage artist.

Conceptual Art, Art Sociologique (Sociological Art), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Hans Haacke studied at different art schools, notably the school of fine art in Kassel, after which a bursary enabled him to travel to France and the USA, where he settled in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Ann Arbor (Michigan); died 1997.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Charles Huebler studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art at the University of Michigan, then at the Académie Julian, Paris. Like numerous young American artists who, despite the wave of Pop Art, remained loyal to Abstract art, his research led him, in terms of his early work, to 'minimal art'; his main preoccupation seemed to be gigantic dimensions. But in less than three years he switched to work which was more or less equivalent to Conceptual Art, and ultimately became one of its leading exponents, along with Joseph Kosuth, Sol Lewit, Robert Barry and Lawrence Weiner. His Conceptual Art enquiries focused on 'interpreting' the range of life of forms in multiple signs and places, rather than the internalising or integrity of objects typical of the 'minimalist' genre....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1955, in York (Pennsylvania).

Assemblage artist, installation artist, photographer, mixed media. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Jeff Koons trained for three years at the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore, and subsequently at the Art Institute of Chicago. He lives and works in New York, Germany and Italy. Before embarking on an artistic career he worked on Wall Street as a commodities broker, and his artwork and his conception of the role of the artist remain suffused with ideas and concepts drawn from this earlier experience: the artist survives by supplying commodities to a specific market, governed by the laws of consumerism, speculation and marketing....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 26 January 1945, in Newark (New Jersey).

Installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art.

Kruger studied with the photographer Diane Arbus and began her career working for Mademoiselle magazine as head designer. Her earliest works from 1969 included large woven wall hangings, a nod to the feminist recuperation of craft during this time. By ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Hazleton (Pennsylvania).

Photographer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, lithographer, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Sherrie Levine was a student at the University of Wisconsin, in Madison, from 1969 to 1973, where she studied photography. After obtaining her diploma, she lived in Berkeley, and then established herself in New York....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in the Panama Canal zone.

Painter, photographer.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Neo-Pop Art.

Richard Prince used the technique of 'appropriation' that was popular in the 1980s with those who were influenced by Post-Modernist ideas. In his photographs, which made him famous, he takes new pictures of existing advertising images, deleting the text of the commercial advertisement. In this way he isolates the persona of such characters as the famous ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1932, in Dresden.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, photographer. Murals.

Conceptual Art, Citationism, Appropriation Art.

Capitalist Realism Group.

Gerhard Richter trained as a painter-decorator and publicity artist in Zittau in 1948 before going on to study from 1951 to 1956 at the fine arts academy in Dresden, where he took classes in painting and, in particular, fresco work. Although Germany was still partitioned at the time, he managed to flee East Germany in 1961. He settled in Düsseldorf and enrolled at the city’s fine arts academy, where he studied under K.O. Götz. His circle of friends included Sigmar Pole, Konrad Lueg (who would go on to operate the Konrad Fischer gallery) and Blinky Palermo. Richter travelled to New York in the company of the latter in 1970. Since 1971, Gerhard Richter has taught at the fine arts academy in Düsseldorf, living and working in nearby Cologne since 1983. He was awarded the Arnold Bode Prize in Kassel in 1981 and the Oskar Kokoschka Prize in Vienna in 1985....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 January 1954 , in Glen Ridge (New Jersey).

Photographer, filmmaker Figures, portraits.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art (Feminist Art).

In 1972, Cindy Sherman enrolled at the State University of New York at Buffalo, first focusing on painting before discovering the expressive potential in photography. While in college, Sherman began to formulate characters. At first a personal exploration of identity, the characters became the basis of her photographic art. Sherman’s early works were influenced by conceptual and performance artists such as Lynda Benglis and Vito Acconci. To create her photographs, Sherman works alone, acting as model, makeup artist, costume designer, and photographer. Her characters are often suggested to the artist through experimentation with costume, props, and prosthetics that alter and even distort her appearance....