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Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The master painted an altarpiece in Segovia signed A.B., seven panels of which can be found in the Prado in Madrid. His work shows the influence of Gerard David....

Article

A. G.  

Italian, 16th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver (including copper), print publisher (?). Religious subjects.

A.G. is mentioned by Brulliot, and believed to have been a pupil of Marcantonio Raimondi. He is known for his Virgin Holding the Infant Jesus, and Crowned by Two Angels...

Article

A. H.  

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A. H. was a copyist of Albrecht Dürer. A print dated 1589 is attributed to him: The Virgin Crowned with Stars, after the work by Dürer.

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Active in 1574.

Monogram of an engraver (wood).

A. H. R. is mentioned by Brulliot. He produced Satyric Allegory on the Catholic Church and Protestantism.

Article

A. J.  

14th – 17th century (?), male.

Monogram of an engraver. Religious subjects.

Cited by Defer; credited with a Nativity.

Article

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active also in Rome.

Born 1552, in Cologne; died 6 January 1616, in Prague.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Prague School.

Aachen named himself after the town of Aachen, Germany, where his family came from and where his father was born. He showed a remarkable talent for drawing from a very young age and as a result was sent, at 16, to study under Jerrigh, a Flemish painter who had settled in Cologne. Aachen worked as his apprentice for nearly six years, studying the works of Spronghen in particular, who was then at the height of his fame. He went to Venice around 1574, where the works of Tintoretto made a profound impression on him. In 1575 he went to Rome, where his works attracted attention. He remained in Italy until 1587. He subsequently went to Cologne, and then Munich in 1589, on the invitation of William V, Duke of Bavaria. From 1592 he worked as a painter to the court of Rudolf II, which moved to Prague in 1596. He was one of several court artists sent around Europe by Rudolf II to buy works of art for the imperial collection. In 1602 he was awarded the title of advisor to the emperor. He kept his title and duties after the death of Rudolf and the accession of Emperor Matthias....

Article

Abel  

French, 16th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

A reference to Abel, whose first name is not given, is found in a passage by Malvasia. The reference confirms that he received 100 Roman crowns for a copy of ...

Article

Portuguese, 16th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

Simão de Abreu collaborated with Domingos Vieira and other artists on the decoration of the convent of Christ in Tomar. He is known principally for his seven altarpieces for the church's charola (processional way).

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1455 or 1460, in Augsburg; died 1532, in Augsburg.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Augsburg School.

Ulrich Abt is mentioned in the archives of Augsburg as working in the town on several occasions. He is recorded in the registry of occupations on various dates between ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 16th century.

Born in San Severino; died after 1545.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Incorrectly known as a pupil of Pinturicchio, Antongiacomo Acciaccaferri was in fact taught by Bernardino di Mariotto of Perugia. In 1519 he assisted Mariotto with the work he had been commissioned to produce in S Severino, in particular the painting of the town's coats of arms. He later completed a painting of ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1540, in Murcia; died towards the end of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Cristóbal Acevedo was a pupil of Bartolomé Carducho around 1585. He specialised in historical painting and, having gained a strong reputation from his early works, was commissioned to decorate a number of convents and churches in Madrid. With a pure, broad and powerful style ideally suited to the subjects of sacred art, he is particularly known for his composition of the Virgin in the chapel of the College of S Fulgencio in Murcia....

Article

Adam  

Polish, 16th century, male.

Active in Warsaw at the end of the 16th century.

Died 1596, in Warsaw.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Warsaw School.

Adam worked as an artist in Cracow from 1588 onwards, painting mostly religious pictures. The works mentioned in his will confirm that he devoted himself to this kind of work in particular....

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Arras at the beginning of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Arras School.

In 1501 Adam d'Avesne restored the panel of the master altar and painted banners for the church of La Ste-Croix in Arras.

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Utrecht School.

Jan Adriaensz. was a member of the corporation of painters in Utrecht in 1569. He is believed to be the author of Christ on the Cross which was donated to the convent of St Cecil in Calcar, then in the small German state of Cleves, by the Catholic priest of Amsterdam....

Article

Swiss, 16th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Colmar: Scenes from the Life of St John the Baptist (1582, diptych); Annunciation (1582, diptych)

Article

Flemish, 16th century, male.

Active in Amsterdam in 1553.

Died 1575.

Painter, draughtsman. Architectural views, church interiors.

Flemish School.

Hendrick Aerts painted and decorated church interiors, one of which was engraved by J. Londerseel.

London, 1 Dec 1978: Interior of an Imaginary Cathedral during a Procession...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1507 or 1508, in Amsterdam; died 3 June 1575, in Amsterdam.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, rustic scenes, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes. Church decoration, religious furnishings.

Amsterdam School, Antwerp School.

Pieter Aertsen was called Lange Pier (Long Peter) because of his height. He was the son of a stocking maker. He studied first under Alaert Claessen, and later, at around the age of 18, he went to study in the province of Hainaut. In Antwerp he lodged with his compatriot, the painter Jean Mandyn. Aertsen also worked in Louvain before returning to Amsterdam. He seems to have divided his time between his home town of Amsterdam and Antwerp. In 1535 he was nominated a free master of the Guild of St Luke in Antwerp. In 1547 he was a municipal councillor in Amsterdam. In 1552, having returned to Antwerp, he was admitted as a burgher of the city. He married the aunt of his student Joachim Bueckelaer. He returned to Amsterdam in 1556 and remained there until his death. He had three sons who all became painters....

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1482, in Wyck; died 1577, in Antwerp.

Painter. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Richard Aertsz. was the son of a poor Dutch fisherman. His leg was amputated after having been badly burned and, as a result, he chose a profession that could accommodate his handicap. Due to his remarkable talent he was sent to study with Jan Mostaert the elder, who was then a successful artist in Haarlem. The young Aertsz. was reportedly likable and witty, and these personal qualities and his exceptional circumstances were perhaps a factor in making him a favoured student. It is certainly true that when Aertsz. left Mostaert his work showed a talent superior to that of his master. His first work was a painting of scenes from the life of Joseph, which he produced on the panel flaps of the high altar in the main church of Haarlem. He then went to Antwerp, and was made a member of the town's Academy in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Naples towards the middle of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Neapolitan School.

It is not known with whom Pietro Afesa studied. His surname derives from the province where he was born. He came to Naples where he occupied a creditable position among the excellent painters living in the city at that time. He was commissioned with the decoration of public buildings and is known particularly for his ...

Article

Portuguese, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1475; died c. 1540.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Jorge Afonso lived in Santo Domingo and was brother-in-law of the painter Francesco Henriques. In 1508 he was appointed court painter to King Manuel I and in about 1529 to John III. He ran a studio in Lisbon where his son-in-law Gregorio Lopes, his nephew Garcia Fernandes and many other artists worked, including, in ...