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Article

A. J.  

14th – 17th century (?), male.

Monogram of an engraver. Religious subjects.

Cited by Defer; credited with a Nativity.

Article

Sheila S. Blair

Persian family of potters. The family is sometimes known, somewhat improperly, by the epithet Kashani [al-Kashani, Qashani], which refers to their home town, Kashan. It was a major centre for the production of lustre pottery in medieval Iran, and they were among the leading potters there, working in both the Monumental and the Miniature styles (...

Article

See Abu Tahir family

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Bologna in 1352.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Bolognese School.

A monk, Giovanni Acario produced a number of different works for the Dominican convent, including the altarpiece for the high altar in the chapel of S Domenico.

Article

French, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active in Amiens between 1389 and 1416.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Amiens School.

The town archives in Amiens hold a receipt from Adam de France dated 1416. He is known to have produced various figures of saints.

Article

German, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born at the end of the 14th century, probably in Worms.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Adam de Wurmbs' name first appears in archives dated 26 November 1408. In 1421 he lived in Nuremberg. On 10 July 1423 he gave up his right to reside there. Two paintings in the church of St Sebald are attributed to him based on dates: ...

Article

Italian, 13th – 14th century, male.

Born in Siena; died 1350.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues, monuments.

Sienese School.

Agostino di Giovanni was a product of the Pisani School. He married in 1310 and had two sons, Giovanni and Domenico, who were chosen as 'capomaestri' for the construction of Siena Cathedral. He often worked with the former....

Article

See Jalayirid family

Article

Illustrator and painter. According to the Safavid chronicler Dust Muhammad, ‛Abd al-Hayy trained under Shams al-Din at Baghdad during the reign of the Jalayirid sultan Uways I (reg 1356–74) and became the leading painter under his son Ahmad (reg 1382–1410), who was also ‛Abd al-Hayy’s pupil. When Timur took Baghdad, ‛Abd al-Hayy was sent to Samarkand, either in ...

Article

See Mamluk family

Article

Sheila S. Blair

Ilkhanid Calligrapher . According to the Safavid chronicler Qazi Ahmad, Yahya studied calligraphy with Mubarakshah ibn Qutb Tabrizi ( fl c. 1323), one of six pupils of Yaqut al-Musta‛simi ( see also Islamic art, §III, 2(iii)(c) ). Yahya was a mystic, hence his epithet al-Sufi, and, after working for the warlord ...

Article

Calligrapher. He came from a well-known family of mystics and was probably the grandson of the Sufi master Shihab al-Din Abu Hafs ‛Umar al-Suhrawardi (1145–1234). He was often called Shaykhzada (‘Son of the shaykh’). Ahmad was one of the six disciples of Yaqut al-Musta‛simi...

Article

J. M. Rogers

Arab metalworker. He is known from signatures on two undated inlaid wares, the Baptistère de St Louis (Paris, Louvre, LP 16, signed in six places) and the Vasselot Bowl (Paris, Louvre, MAO 331, signed once). His style is characterized by bold compositions of large figures encrusted with silver plaques on which details are elaborately chased. His repertory develops themes characteristic of later 13th-century metalwork from Mosul (...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Active in Venice.

Died before 1397.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Venetian School.

The academy of fine arts in Venice has a tripytch by Jacopo Albaregno. It shows Christ on the Cross with St John and Mary and to the sides, St Jerome and St Augustine....

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Born probably in Florence.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Alberto di Arnoldo was the son of Arnoldo, Maestro di Pietra, who came to Florence in the early 14th century. His name first appears in 1351, in a document of that period. In ...

Article

Lucília Verdelho da Costa

Cistercian abbey in Portugal. The abbey, dedicated to S Maria, was founded as part of the policy of repopulation and territorial improvement of the first king of Portugal, Alfonso I (reg 1139–85), who in 1152 granted a large area of land to St Bernard of Clairvaux by a charter known as the ...

Article

Antonio Fernández-Puertas and D. Fairchild Ruggles

The palaces of the Alhambra and Generalife in Granada, Spain, form the most important architectural ensemble to survive from the Nasrid period (1232–1492). Art created under the Nasrid dynasty in the Iberian Peninsula (see Islamic art, §II, 6(iv)(e) ) provided the spark of originality for art in the neighbouring Christian kingdoms and for Marinid and Abd al-Wādid art in Morocco and Algeria. By the 9th century the citadel on the Sabīka spur of the Sierra Nevada overlooking Granada was called ...

Article

See Abu Tahir family

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Born 1330, in Zevio, near Verona; died before 1393.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Paduan School, Veronese School.

Altichiero is one of the most interesting of the early masters, and has recently received a great deal of scholarly attention. Among his earliest works (c. ...

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born 1352; died 30 October 1429.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

In 1387, Ambrogio di Baldese painted the tabernacle above which was to be placed a statue of the Virgin carved by Alberto Arnoldi for the Compagnia del Bigallo...