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Article

A. H.  

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A. H. was a copyist of Albrecht Dürer. A print dated 1589 is attributed to him: The Virgin Crowned with Stars, after the work by Dürer.

Article

A. J.  

14th – 17th century (?), male.

Monogram of an engraver. Religious subjects.

Cited by Defer; credited with a Nativity.

Article

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Active also in Rome.

Born 1552, in Cologne; died 6 January 1616, in Prague.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Prague School.

Aachen named himself after the town of Aachen, Germany, where his family came from and where his father was born. He showed a remarkable talent for drawing from a very young age and as a result was sent, at 16, to study under Jerrigh, a Flemish painter who had settled in Cologne. Aachen worked as his apprentice for nearly six years, studying the works of Spronghen in particular, who was then at the height of his fame. He went to Venice around 1574, where the works of Tintoretto made a profound impression on him. In 1575 he went to Rome, where his works attracted attention. He remained in Italy until 1587. He subsequently went to Cologne, and then Munich in 1589, on the invitation of William V, Duke of Bavaria. From 1592 he worked as a painter to the court of Rudolf II, which moved to Prague in 1596. He was one of several court artists sent around Europe by Rudolf II to buy works of art for the imperial collection. In 1602 he was awarded the title of advisor to the emperor. He kept his title and duties after the death of Rudolf and the accession of Emperor Matthias....

Article

See Safavid family

Article

Eleanor Sims

Persian painter. He was one of a small group of artists working in Iran in the second half of the 17th century who painted in an eclectic manner that drew on European images and Mughal Indian styles (see Islamic art, §III, 4(vi)(a)). He appears to have been the earliest of this group, which included Muhammad Zaman and ‛Aliquli Jabbadar, to integrate these ‘exotic’ elements into his work. He invariably inscribed his work with the punning Persian phrase ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Città di Castello; died 1656.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Giuseppe Cesari Cavaliero d'Arpino; reputed to be a skilful painter of historical themes and frescoes. He assisted Bernini on various projects. Abbatini is known to have painted the ceiling of the S Teresa Chapel in Rome's S Maria della Vittoria Church. He was a member of the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. Also known for drawings made for the frontispiece and other plates for ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born c. 1640, in Milan; died 1715, in Milan.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects, portraits.

Studied under Carlo Francesco Nuvoloni, who taught him to paint with great facility, particularly frescoes. A painter with a lively imagination and sound technique, Abbiati was firmly established among the ranks of artists working at the time. In cooperation with Federigo Bianchi, he painted a ...

Article

Çigdem Kafesçioglu and Walter B. Denny

In 

See Ottoman family

Article

Swiss, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 15 August 1666, in Sursee; died 1740.

Painter, glass painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Glass painting.

He was the most distinguished member of his family, and examples of his work - generally subjects taken from history or the Old Testament - are not uncommon. He also painted genre scenes....

Article

Austrian, 17th century, male.

Active in Hall (Tyrol).

Painter. Religious subjects.

Hall School.

Surviving works by him are several religious paintings and a Crucifixion in the town cemetery of Hall.

Article

‛Abid  

Jeffrey A. Hughes

Indian miniature painter, son of Aqa Riza and brother of Abu’l-Hasan. Both his father and his brother worked for the Mughal emperor Jahangir (reg 1605–27). Although ‛Abid probably began working in the royal atelier c. 1615, all of his known signed works are datable to the reign of ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born 1613, in Miesbach; died 1705, in Munich.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects.

An artist in the employ of the Elector of Bavaria, he produced a considerable number of works, notably four large evangelical figures beside the high altar and angel figures in the choir of St Cajetan's in Munich. Several works by him are found in other churches in Munich. In ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Active Bavarian, active in Munich at the beginning of the 17th century.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

No works can be attributed with certainty to this artist. A wooden figure of Paul the Apostle in St Peter's church used to be linked with him, but the inventory indicates it belonged to Balthasar Ableitner. He is known to have sculpted a ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 17th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

In 1605 Jean Abot painted three pictures for the church at Bérus. He is probably identical with the Jean Abot, glass painter, who worked at Alençon in 1590 and perhaps with Abot, the painter who was still working at Bérus in ...

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Painter.

Abredo was a member of a religious order based in Seville, and was active in Avila in 1600.

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born in Valladolid; died 1645, in Valladolid.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Abril was pupil of Pablo de Céspedes in Cordova. Having completed his studies he became a monk but continued to paint. His Head of St Paul in the Museo de Valladolid shows his remarkable artistic qualities....

Article

J. P. Losty

Indian painter.

In 1618 the Mughal emperor Jahangir (reg 1605–27) wrote in his memoirs that Abu’l-Hasan’s ‘work was perfect…At the present time he has no rival or equal… Truly he has become Nadir al-Zaman (“Wonder of the age”)’. Some of this artist’s paintings are among the greatest in Mughal art. He was born in Jahangir’s household in ...

Article

Flemish School, 17th century, male.

Baptised 16 January 1626 in Brussels; died 1699, in Brussels.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

At the age of 13, Lucas Achtschellinck joined the studio of Pieter van der Borcht. The early years of his career were not easy. It was not until ...

Article

Adam  

Austrian, 17th century, male.

Active in Neuhaus, now known as Jindrichuv Hradec, (Bohemia) during the first half of the 17th century.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Neuhaus School.

In 1630, he painted an Assumption for the church at Propst, which was unfortunately destroyed in a fire in ...

Article

R. Nath, Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Dynasty that ruled portions of southern India from 1489 to 1686. Its founder, Yusuf ‛Adil Shah (reg 1489–1509), had come to India from Persia and was appointed governor of Bijapur under the Bahmani family rulers. He declared his independence when that dynasty declined. Yusuf had a prolonged conflict with the Portuguese, who were able to secure Goa in ...