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Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1807, in Sparta (New York); died 1844, in Sparta (New York).

Painter. History painting, religious subjects.

Frederick Style Agate was the elder brother of Alfred Agate and one of the first members of the National Academy of Design in New York. His paintings ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1945, in Beaumont (Texas).

Painter. Scenes with figures, religious subjects.

John Alexander is the leader of the Houston school known as Fresh Paint. His religious paintings have a theatrical quality, with bright colours and a sometimes primitive style. Several of his paintings are of fantastical scenes....

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Painter.

E. Alkinson lived in Boston in the second half of the 19th century. She specialised in religious painting and exhibited at the Royal Academy in London in 1877.

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1779, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1843, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Painter. Biblical subjects, literary subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Washington Allston was intended for a career in one of the professions and studied classics at Harvard. However, his Romantic artistic tastes took him over and he was deeply moved by Schiller and by Fuseli's illustrations to Boydell's ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in Argentina.

Born 11 August 1878, in Barcelona.

Sculptor.

Mateo Alonso is best known for his monumental Christ the Redeemer, which stands on the border of Chile and Argentina.

Buenos Aires (National Mus.)

Article

Canadian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870; died 1963.

Sculptor. Figures.

Henri Angers sculpted religious figures in an archaic regional style. Four of his sculptures were burnt when a fire destroyed the church of St-Amboise in Loretteville, Quebec.

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in São Vincente.

Painter.

Iaponi Araujo exhibited in Brazil, the USA, London, Milan and Paris. Inspired by religious feelings, he paints scenes of prayer, fear and jubilation.

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born in Rio Negro.

Painter.

Arcila Oribe exhibited a Head of Christ in 1930 at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris.

Article

Dennis Raverty

American sculptor of Iranian birth. Armajani studied in Iran at the University of Tehran before immigrating to the USA in 1960 to complete his studies in philosophy at Macalester College in Saint Paul, MN, where he settled permanently. He became a naturalized US citizen in ...

Article

Jamaican, 20th century, male.

Born 1942.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Following a dream in which he was inspired by God, Albert Artwell dedicated his life to painting, producing mystical works with a biblical influence.

Stöter-Bender, Jutta: L'Art contemporain dans les pays du tiers-monde, L'Harmattan, Paris, 1995....

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Islamic art. Atıl earned her PhD at the University of Michigan, with a dissertation on an illustrated Ottoman Book of Festivals. In 1970 she was appointed Curator of Islamic Art at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, a post that she held for 15 years. An extraordinarily energetic and prolific curator, she organized many notable exhibitions based on the Freer collection as well as traveling exhibitions of Mamluk art, the age of Süleyman the Magnificent, and of the Kuwait collection of Islamic art. Between ...

Article

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...

Article

William L. Hendricks

Christian Nonconformist denominations, basically Calvinist in theology. The Baptist tradition has roots in 16th-century Swiss Anabaptism and among the English Baptists of the 17th century. Their distinctive beliefs include baptism by immersion of self-professed believers, the separation of Church and State, the priesthood of all believers and a stress on biblical authority. Congregationalists, related to the European Reformed tradition and English separatists, are distinguished by the congregational form of church government and freedom for all believers using the Church and commonwealth as instruments of a theocratic society. Churches were established in North America in the early 17th century: the Congregationalists (Pilgrims and Puritans) in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1878, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1945, in Almora (India).

Painter. Religious subjects, flowers.

Achsah Barlow Brewster studied at the New York School of Art and at the Art Students League. In 1905 she was in Paris. She married the artist Earl Brewster in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in Spain.

Born 5 February 1898, in Montevideo; died 12 February 1929, in Montevideo.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, comic cartoons.

The son of Spanish emigrants, Rafaél Pérez Barradas spent most of his artistic life in Spain, where he was soon contributing illustrations to the press. In 1913, he traveled in Italy and France, then settled in Condal. In 1928, he decided to return to Uruguay. He died prematurely of an illness. He is considered to have formed part of the Spanish artistic avant-garde at the beginning of the 1920s. Starting in a Post-Impressionist style that was soon influenced by Gauguin, he rapidly lightened his palette and became interested in the Cubist vision of reality while breaking out of the unitary vision of form. His canvases, with grey and ochre colours, represent landscapes and burlesque scenes from daily life. ...

Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Paris.

Painter.

Barreda Fabres studied architecture at the Catholic university in Santiago and taught history of art in the architecture faculty from 1950 to 1955. He used a realist technique to paint constructions that belong to the world of the uncanny and the surreal. He took part in exhibitions in North America, Latin America and Europe and received many awards....

Article

Gordon Campbell

American interior decorator and founder of the first tapestry factory in the USA. He worked for Herter Brothers (see Herter, Christian) on the decoration of a series of grand houses, notably William H. Vanderbilt’s house on Fifth Avenue, New York, and William Welsh Harrison’s Grey Towers Castle (now part of Arcadia University) in Philadelphia. When the Vanderbilt house was completed in ...

Article

Haitian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Jacmel; died 1964 or 1965.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Castera was one of the representatives of the new Haitian school. Bazile was religious by temperament and had a particular predilection for New Testament scenes, frequently depicting the themes of his ...