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Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1882, in Berlin; died 4 July 1939, in Berlin.

Draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, caricaturist.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Hermann Abeking was still very much influenced by the Jugendstil, and particularly by Aubrey Beardsley and Jan Toorop. He worked on several German magazines, including the ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Europe 1877-1881, and in Paris 1891-1901.

Born 7 October 1856, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania; died 31 May 1915, in New York.

Painter, muralist, illustrator. Portraits, figures, landscapes.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

John White Alexander worked as an office boy for ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1893, in Hastings; died 1973.

Painter (gouache), illustrator, designer. Figure compositions. Murals, film and stage sets.

Symbolism.

Unit One group.

John Armstrong studied at Cambridge University and St John's Wood School of Art. From 1933, the year he was appointed a member of the influential Unit One group, he was influenced by the repercussions of Surrealism. During World War II he served as an official war artist. At the beginning of the 1950s, he abandoned Surrealism, returning to his former attraction for the language of symbols, which for him meant working out a personal symbolic syntax, implemented in a series of ambitious compositions with titles that revealed their ideological content: ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in Algeria, France and Canada.

Born 1923, in Douera (Algeria).

Painter, illustrator. Portraits.

Symbolism.

Maurice Assier's early artistic leanings were towards music. He then took classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Algiers. After 1945 he illustrated books and exhibited at the Salon du Livre in Algiers in ...

Article

Kirk Ambrose

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in England.

Born 25 July 1881 or en 1878, in Ukkel; died 1953.

Watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Symbolism.

Jean de Bosschère was a multi-faceted artist whose work constitutes a bridge between literature and the graphic arts. He divided his time between Belgium, France, Italy and especially England, where he lived for many years. From ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1825; died 1916.

Draughtswoman, illustrator.

Symbolism.

Boyle married Richard Boyle, the chaplain to Queen Victoria, in 1845. She illustrated chiefly childrens' books which appeared from time to time between 1853 and 1908. The illustration of Sarah Austin's book Story without an End...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Tavria or Kershon; died 1917, in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator.

Symbolism, Futurism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider).

Vladimir Davidovich Burlyuk was the brother of David Burlyuk. He studied in Odessa and married the sister of the painter Lentulov. Along with his brother, he collaborated on the most important projects of the Russian avant-garde, including with the group ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 December 1883, in Novara (Piedmont); died 1 March 1963, in Turin.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, urban landscapes, landscapes with figures, figures, portraits, still-lifes.

Symbolism, Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism.

Felice Casorati was the son of an officer. Though he studied law at Padua, he also studied music and painting. He first painted by himself, before turning to the Paduan painter, Giovanni Vianello, for advice. His first exhibit was at the Venice Biennale in 1907. He was considered one of the protagonists, if not the leader, of the Italian Symbolist movement, which at that time included Alberto Martini, Carra, Romolo Romani and Russolo. The group was much influenced by the Viennese Secessionists, French Symbolism, and English artists such as Aubrey Beardsley. The wish to establish a modern Italian painting movement in tune with new trends abroad became apparent at the group's exhibit at the Ca' Pesaro in Venice in 1913. There, Casorati exhibited some 40 works. It is noteworthy that in 1913, the reference to the 'New Style' was somewhat outdated, given that Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, and the beginnings of Abstraction had already appeared elsewhere. Nevertheless, it was this dynamic imperative of the group that gave rise to Futurism, which itself would engender ( ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1867, in Lunéville; died 28 October 1949, in Bourg-la-Reine.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven (certain similarities).

Paul-Émile Colin was self-taught. He studied and practised medicine for a number of years before enrolling at the Académie Colarossi in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 January 1867, in Louvain; died 1953, in Brussels.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, writer. Figure compositions, figures. Murals.

Symbolism.

Jean Delville was a pupil of Portaels at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. He began exhibiting with the group Flight...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 December 1859, in 's Hertogenbosch; died 1935, in Amsterdam.

Painter, illustrator. Figure compositions. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Derkinderen was a pupil of Johannes Stracke at the art school in 's Hertogenbosch and at the fine arts academies in The Hague and Brussels. In ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1845, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Jules Desandre studied with Girardet and exhibited at the Paris Salon between 1869 and 1881. He painted Breton landscapes in watercolours. His allegorical compositions, painted in a naturalistic style, depict ghostly figures in unreal landscapes....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Lille; died 1938, in Ghent.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

Charles Doudelet studied music at the Ghent conservatory and sculpture at the Ghent school of industrial art and design. He lived abroad for many years, mostly in Italy. He was a member of the artistic group ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th century, male.

Born 5 May 1877, in Drammen; died 2 February 1899, in Christiania (now Oslo).

Painter, illustrator. Figures, portraits, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Egedius' artistic leanings became evident at a very young age; he attended a painting school from the age of eight. From 1887 to 1890 he was a pupil at the school of arts and crafts in Christiania, and journeyed from there to Copenhagen to study with Kristian Zahrtmann. His death at only 22 was a cruel blow to the new Norwegian art....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1870, in Paris; died 1950.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, genre scenes, still-lifes. Murals.

Symbolism.

Groupe Libre Esthétique.

From the beginning of his career it was a constant concern of Georges d'Espagne to assert his originality. His studies at the École des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, did not last very long, for he wanted immediate independence and decided to follow courses in the private academies of Montparnasse. In about 1900, he became acquainted with Maurice Denis, Bonnard and Vuillard, and his collaboration with Denis led to a renewal of religious art in France....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 15 March 1891, in Rome; died 8 December 1978.

Painter (including gouache), copyist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits, animals, still-lifes. Murals.

Symbolism.

Ferruccio Ferrazzi was the son of Stanislas Ferrazzi, a sculptor renowned as an excellent copyist of works of antiquity who started teaching drawing and modelling to his son when he was still a child. Ferruccio took part in various group exhibitions, starting with the Venice Biennale in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 25 November 1832, in London; died after 1906, in London.

Watercolourist, painter (gouache/mixed media), illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Almost nothing is known of Fitzgerald's life, and the exact date of his death remains uncertain. He lived on Moore Park Road in Fulham, West London, in ...

Article

Finnish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 or 29 May 1865, in Pori, 26 April according to some sources; died 7 March 1931, in Stockholm.

Painter, pastellist, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Akseli Gallen-Kallela began his studies at the Finnish fine arts school in Helsinki in ...