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Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Europe 1877-1881, and in Paris 1891-1901.

Born 7 October 1856, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania; died 31 May 1915, in New York.

Painter, muralist, illustrator. Portraits, figures, landscapes.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

John White Alexander worked as an office boy for ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1981, naturalised French.

Born 30 January 1955, in Los Angeles, of Armenian parentage.

Painter.

Symbolism.

Arès Antoyan is the son of the painter Kero Antoyan. He studied at the California Institute of the Arts. Foremost a painter of women, Antoyan chooses sex symbols as his models. In a sensual, dreamlike context that mirrors life and death, he dresses, or rather undresses, them and depicts them scantily clad and striking poses designed to stimulate a reaction in the viewer. In ...

Article

Chilean, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1946, in Chile.

Painter.

Symbolism.

In Paris in the 1980s, Ximena Armas took part in the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui. In 2003 she exhibited her work at a solo exhibition at the Musée Roybet Fould in Courbevoie....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Shilova, Lithuania; died, 2 July 2015, in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Painter, sculptor, pastellist. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

David Aronson was the son of a rabbi and arrived in the USA at the age of five. He founded the School of Art at the University of Boston, which he ran for 30 years. He received many awards including the Purchase Prize at the National Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1973.

Born 1920, in the USA, with Mexican parentage.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions, nudes, portraits, local scenes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Bryant worked as a draughtsman in the Pacific during World War II. When he was demobilised in ...

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Sculptor.

Miguel Ángel Cardenas sculpted soft shapes, the symbolism of which is clearly erotic.

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1917, in Franca.

Painter.

Symbolism.

Wagner Castro was one of to the rare representatives of Brazilian Symbolism.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born in Palmyra.

Sculptor. Statuettes.

Symbolism.

Claire A. Curtis-Huxley moved to Paris, where she studied under Denis Puech and exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français, the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon des Indépendants. She received a commendation at the Universal Exhibition of ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Salina (California).

Engraver.

Symbolism.

Michael Ehle lives and works in Seattle. His engravings are clearly symbolist, and even esoteric, and feature figures and animals in an often conflicting relationship. In 1995 he was one of the artists from the USA invited to show his work at the exhibition Jeune Gravure Contemporaine (Young Contemporary Engraving)....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1970.

Born 15 May 1938, in Buenos Aires.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Carlos Esteban was active first in Buenos Aires but settled in Paris in 1970. In the early part of his career, Esteban's work was closely associated with hyperrealism although the reality he depicted was often portrayed in an indirect manner. After leaving this movement he experimented with various techniques including collage and froissage before turning towards a style of painting that was simpler in technique but more ambitious in its intentions. His semi-realist, semi-naive figures are painted in tones of ochre and sienna brown and inspired by literature, music, ancestral myths and the collective imagination. Esteban depicts tribal dances, grandiose and mysterious landscapes and mother goddesses who represent the mythical and mystical....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Montreal.

Painter, engraver.

Symbolism.

Roland Giguère was on the fringes of the Surrealist movement in Paris from 1954 until 1963. He is interested in the different printing processes, such as intaglio, lithography and screen printing. He exhibits his work in Canada. He won the Paul Émile Borduas Prize in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1895, in Mississippi; died 1977.

Painter. Portraits, animals.

Theora Hamblett's composition Vision, with its indecipherable symbolism, made a big impression at the International Exhibition of 1958 in Knocke-le-Zoute.

Bihalji-Merin, Oto: Les Peintres naïfs, Delpire, Paris, 1960.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active from 1924 also active in France.

Born 1893, in Durham (New Hampshire); died 1997, in France.

Painter.

Symbolism, Musicalism (the attempt to interpret music in painting).

Les Artistes Musicalistes.

Louise Janin spent the early part of her life in San Francisco surrounded by the rich collection of Chinese art put together by her father. A long trip through Asia also played a part in determining the future direction of her work. She then moved to New York, and in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1952, in Omaha (Nebraska).

Engraver.

Symbolism.

Karen Kunc lives and works in Avoca, in Nebraska. In 1995, she was among the American artists invited to exhibit in Paris at the Salon de la Jeune Gravure Contemporaine. Her prints (landscapes, curious structures, vegetable forms) symbolise, she has said, the constant, 'lively' struggle of persistence and vulnerability....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1904, in Quebec; died December 1990.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, figure compositions, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Symbolism.

Jean-Paul Lemieux trained at Montreal School of Fine Art, around 1925. He attended the Académie Colarossi and the Grande Chaumière during a stay in Paris in 1929. Lemieux taught initially in Quebec at the École du Meuble. In 1937, he was made a professor at the Montreal School of Fine Art, where he earned a reputation as an influential teacher during a period when his own painting was somewhat divorced from reality. He gave up teaching in 1965 to concentrate on his own artistic career, and took up a reclusive existence on the Ile-aux-Coudes....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in New York; died 1986.

Sculptor.

Symbolism.

School of New York.

Seymour Lipton studied dentistry at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, at New York City College and at Columbia University, and then in 1928 began to teach himself sculpture. In 1932 he became a full-time sculptor....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 July 1888, in Statesville (North Carolina); died 1976.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Symbolism.

McKendree Long, the son of a judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, trained as a portrait and landscape painter at the Art Students League in New York from ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1867, in New York; died 17 July 1909, in Bayreuth, Germany.

Painter, illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Symbolism.

Pinckney Marcius-Simons came under the influence of Jean Détaille, Gérôme and Turner. He exhibited at the Royal Academy in London ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Ocotlán (Oaxaca province).

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures.

Symbolism.

Morales settled in Mexico in 1948 and began his studies at the Academia de San Carlos the following year. He was encouraged in his work by Rufino Tamayo. He took part in many exhibitions, both in Mexico and in Europe. Tribute was paid to his paintings at the inauguration of the exhibition ...

Article

Brazilian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1860, in Niterói (Rio de Janeiro); died 1939 or 1937.

Painter. Landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes.

Symbolism.

Parreiras evoked European Symbolism in his Allegory of Liberty, dated 1925. He probably spent some time in Europe, as he participated in 1910...