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Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Paris.

Painter.

Barreda Fabres studied architecture at the Catholic university in Santiago and taught history of art in the architecture faculty from 1950 to 1955. He used a realist technique to paint constructions that belong to the world of the uncanny and the surreal. He took part in exhibitions in North America, Latin America and Europe and received many awards....

Article

Cynthia Lawrence

Flemish sculptor and architect. He was a pupil of Lucas Faydherbe, from whom he learnt the picturesque realism associated with Rubens’s workshop. He collaborated with the Mechelen sculptor Jan van der Steen in London before returning to Flanders and joining the Mechelen guild. Langhemans is best represented in Belgium by the works he executed for the church of St Rombout in Mechelen. The earliest is a naturalistic stone statue of ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in California.

Painter.

Gerhardt Liebmann exhibited in Geneva in 1975.

He trained as an architect and is also a painter, a realist in the American tradition which came back into favour with the 1970s success of hyperrealism. His work is almost photographic in effect....

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born 1469, in Montelupo, near Florence; died c. 1535, in Lucca.

Sculptor, architect.

Florentine School.

The father of Raffaele da Montelupo, Baccio da Montelupo's early work is rooted in Quattrocento naturalism; later he became one of the most eminent representatives of the Renaissance, creating a new style of crucifix. His works are to be found in the churches of Arezzo, Bologna and Venice, and the Jacquemart-André Museum in Paris has a ...

Article

Evita Arapoglou and Tonia P. Giannoudaki

Greek sculptor. While very young he assisted his architect father in the construction of the St Paul Monastery on Mt Athos, and he also collaborated with masons from Tinos on sculptural work in Constantinople (now Istanbul). In 1858 he began his studies in sculpture at the School of Fine Arts in Athens, first under ...

Article

Soviet architect. He was one of the most prolific architects working in the monumental style of Socialist Realism promoted by Joseph Stalin. He studied at the Leningrad Art-Technical Institute under Ivan Fomin, and he then assisted Vladimir Shchuko in his competition entry (1933) for the Palace of the Soviets, Moscow, a fantastic confection in a neo-Byzantine style. His own work at the time was more restrained; for example, a block of flats (...

Article

Radomíra Sedláková

Czech architect. He graduated in architecture from the Czech Technical University, Prague, in 1949, beginning his career during the period of Socialist Realism. He then began to use new materials and structural elements; for example, his Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry (1963), Prague, introduced a light curtain wall and a typical plan (low and wide entrance hall, with conference rooms, halls and restaurant, and high-rise office building) that was subsequently widely adopted by architects in Czechoslovakia. Other examples of his innovative structural designs include the use of Vierendeel bridge trusses in his extension (...

Article

Rococo  

Richard John and Ludwig Tavernier

A decorative style of the early to mid-18th century, primarily influencing the ornamental arts in Europe, especially in France, southern Germany and Austria. The character of its formal idiom is marked by asymmetry and naturalism, displaying in particular a fascination with shell-like and watery forms. Further information on the Rococo can be found in this dictionary within the survey articles on the relevant countries....

Article

B. M. Kirikov, S. G. Fyodorov and Jeremy Howard

Russian family of artists. The architect (1) Vasily Stasov was an eminent exponent of Neo-classicism. His son (2) Vladimir Stasov became a leading critic with democratic views and a champion of Realism in art.

(b Moscow, Aug 4, 1769; d St Petersburg, Sept 5, 1848...

Article

Russian painter of Ukrainian birth. He qualified as a surveyor, but in 1880 he entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, studying under Illarion Pryanishnikov and Yevgraff S. Sorokin (1821–92). There he became close friends with Sergey Ivanov, Sergey Korovin, Konstantin Korovin, Mikhail Nesterov and, in particular, Isaak Levitan, and he shared their enthusiasm for Realism. Stepanov began by painting small genre scenes in the style of Pryanishnikov, through whom he became interested in the hunt. He progressed from hunting scenes, which had special significance for him, to animal painting, and he became a leader in the genre. He joined ...

Article

B. M. Kirikov, S. G. Fyodorov and Jeremy Howard

In 

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Article

See Stasov family

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Montbéliard.

Sculptor.

Antoine Zuber studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. After Realist beginnings, Zuber evolved towards architectural Abstraction. He progressed from working in metal or in modern industrial materials, to signs, mobiles and floating sculptures. In ...