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Michael Howard

French painter, illustrator, set designer and poet. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Guillaume Lethière from 1821. The Punishment of Mazeppa (1827; Rouen, Mus. B.-A.), inspired by the scene from Byron’s poem, in which Mazeppa is tied to the back of a wildly stampeding horse, is his most important early painting and one of the key images of the Romantic movement....

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Gerardo Pérez Calero

Spanish painter, watercolourist and illustrator. He trained at the Escuela de Nobles Artes in Seville (1833–40) and subsequently at the Real Academia de S Fernando in Madrid. He became a member of the Academia de S Isabel de Hungria of Seville in 1848...

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Donald A. Rosenthal

French painter, illustrator and writer. His early training was as a theatrical scene painter and a designer of lithographic illustrations. In Bordeaux he studied with Pierre Lacour (ii) (1778–1859) and worked with Thomas Olivier (1772–1839), chief scene designer at the Grand-Théâtre. He subsequently studied in Paris in the studio of the landscape and history painter ...

Article

Gilles Chazal

French illustrator, painter and sculptor. He was born into a cultivated and well-to-do family. By the age of five he was drawing on every piece of paper that came within his reach. He was particularly fond of caricaturing his parents, friends and teachers. In 1838...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1776, in Les Vans (Ardèche).

Painter, copyist. Genre scenes.

A canvas in the museum in Nancy, Romantic Conversation in a Park, signed J.D.F.f., is often attributed to Jean du Faget, but also to Fragonard. Jean du Faget was chiefly a copyist, but he also did original watercolours and painting on glass, and worked at the Sèvres porcelain manufactory....

Article

Tone Skedsmo

Norwegian painter and illustrator. His artistic education began at the age of nine, when he enrolled at the school of art of Knud Bergslien (1827–1908) in Kristiania, where he was a pupil from 1886 to 1889. Even from this early period his painted studies and drawings, for instance of his sister ...

Article

Paul Spencer-Longhurst

French painter and illustrator.

He spent most of his childhood in Rome. His talent as an artist revealed itself early and during this period he acquired a love of Italian painting and music, which he never lost. In 1782 his family returned to Paris, where, through the connections of his father’s employer Louis-Auguste le Tonnelier, Baron de Breteuil, Minister of the King’s Household, Gérard was admitted to the ...

Article

Hans Joachim Neidhardt

German painter and draughtsman. His training began with an apprenticeship in bookbinding in Pforzheim. From 1792 Kaaz trained as an engraver and miniature painter with Moise Perret-Gentil (1744–1815) in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, and he then studied at the Kunstakademie in Stuttgart. In ...

Article

Torsten Gunnarsson

Swedish painter, draughtsman and illustrator. From 1874 he studied at the Konstakademi in Stockholm, where he soon became a friend of Richard Bergh and Karl Nordström, both of whom were later prominent exponents of the more advanced Swedish painting of the 1880s and 1890s. After being forced to interrupt his studies because of illness, Kreuger trained from ...

Article

Virginia Button

English painter and illustrator. He attended St John’s Wood School of Art from 1935 to 1938. A celebrity of London’s bohemia and a key figure of Neo-Romanticism in the 1940s, he lived and worked with most of the younger generation Neo-Romantics including Michael Ayrton (...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 16 June 1868, in Sievering, near Vienna; died 11 May 1909, in Munich.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Reznicek started working for the journal Simplissimus in 1896, becoming its specialist in romantic, even risqué, drawings. He also collaborated on the journal Jugend. In Munich, he published an album, ...

Article

Hans Joachim Neidhardt

German painter, printmaker and illustrator. He ranks with Moritz von Schwind as the most important representative of late Romantic painting and printmaking in Germany. In contrast to the work of such leading masters of early Romanticism as Philipp Otto Runge and Caspar David Friedrich, which was ambitious in content and innovative in form, Richter’s art was more modest in its aims, in line with the restrained intellectual climate of the Biedermeier period....

Article

German painter, illustrator and printmaker. After training as an engraver and lithographer in the workshop of his father, Karl Friedrich Heinrich Schrödter, he went to Berlin, where he became a pupil of Ludwig Buchheim. He studied painting in Düsseldorf with Wilhelm Schadow from 1829. His work of this period represents a critique of the sentimental Romanticism of contemporary painting in Düsseldorf. His paintings also had a comic element, derived from his interest in English works; this subsequently became an essential feature of genre painting in Düsseldorf. ...

Article

Rudolf M. Bisanz

Austrian painter and illustrator.

He studied at the Akademie der Bildende Künste in Vienna (1821–3), where he was influenced by the Biedermeier genre painter Peter Krafft and the Nazarene painter Ludwig Ferdinand Schnorr von Carolsfeld. He made copies after the Old Masters at the Belvedere in Vienna, exploring especially Dürer, Albrecht Altdorfer, Raphael and Titian, which completed his early, largely autodidactic experience of art. His friendship with Franz Schubert, the poet and playwright Franz Grillparzer and the painters Ferdinand and Friedrich Olivier, as well as the cultural environment of Biedermeier Vienna in his years there between ...

Article

Erik Mortensen

Danish painter. His father, Jørgen Sonne (1771–1833), a map engraver and book illustrator, originally intended that Sonne should have a military career. However, after a brief period at the military academy Sonne enrolled at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen. He became a private pupil of ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 January 1869, in Cracow; died 28 November 1907, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, pastellist, illustrator, designer, poet, writer. Portraits, figures, figure compositions, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, stage sets, furniture.

Neo-Romanticism, Symbolism, Japonisme.

Stanislaw Wyspianski was the son of the sculptor Franc Wyspianski and he studied at academy in Cracow with Jan Matejko ...