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Stephen Deuchar

English painter of Swiss birth. Born into a wealthy and politically influential Huguenot family, Agasse spent his early childhood at the country estate of Crévin, where he may have developed the interest in animals and natural history that was to guide his later career as an artist in England. Agasse trained first at the Ecole du Colibri in Geneva and subsequently in Paris under ...

Article

Slav, 19th century, male.

Born 1828; died 1890, in Yugoslavia.

Draughtsman.

Aleksandrovich was reputed to be among the best Romantic draughtsmen and Slav colourists. He is noted for his painting of a Grape-picker and other portraits of women.

Article

David Steinberg

American painter. The son of a prominent South Carolina plantation owner of English descent, he began to draw around the age of six, and he moved to his uncle’s home in Newport, RI, at the age of eight. While there he came into contact with the portrait painter Samuel King, but it was the exhibited portraits of Robert Edge Pine that offered him inspiring models of glazing and colouring. Dubbed ‘the Count’ by his Harvard College classmates for his way with fashion, Allston explored alternatives to the portrait tradition with landscapes, as well as with depictions of irrational figures, for example ...

Article

Lucília Verdelho da Costa and Sandro Callerio

Portuguese painter, architect and restorer, active in Italy. He came from a middle-class family with trading interests in Italy. In 1854 Andrade went to Genoa, and friendships there with such artists as Tammar Luxoro (1824–99) led him to study painting with Alexandre Calame and later to study architecture at the Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti. He travelled widely, and in Italy he came into contact with ...

Article

Lucília Verdelho da Costa

Portuguese painter. He belonged to the first generation of romantic artists in Portugal and specialized in paintings of landscapes and animals. From 1837 until 1844 he attended the Academia de Belas-Artes in Lisbon, where, with other pupils, he protested against the teaching methods of the Academia, which was dominated by the classical tradition of António Manuel da Fonseca....

Article

Marie-Claude Chaudonneret

French painter . After studying in Jacques-Louis David’s studio, at the age of 18 Auzou exhibited a Bacchante and a Study of a Head in the Salon of 1793. She exhibited regularly at the Salon until 1817. She was awarded a Prix d’Encouragement for Departure for a Duel...

Article

M. N. Sokolov

Russian painter of Armenian descent. The son of an Armenian merchant, throughout his life he kept his links with the ancient traditions of Armenian Christian culture. He studied at the Academy of Arts, St Petersburg, in 1833–7 under Maksim Vorob’yov (1787–1855), a prominent Russian landscape painter of the Romantic period. From ...

Article

Glenn F. Benge

French sculptor, painter and printmaker. Barye was a realist who dared to present romantically humanized animals as the protagonists of his sculpture. Although he was a successful monumental sculptor, he also created a considerable body of small-scale works and often made multiple casts of his small bronze designs, marketing them for a middle-class public through a partnership, ...

Article

Enrique Valdivièso

He was the son of the painter José Domínguez Bécquer (1810–41). Orphaned at an early age, he was brought up by his father’s first cousin, the painter Joaquín Domínguez Bécquer (1819–79), who undertook his artistic training. Valeriano’s first works were small ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 April 1834, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter. Genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Studied under Claude Jacquand and exhibited from 1857 to 1869. Painted somewhat romanticised scenes of London, medieval houses and canals, but adopted a more true-to-life approach in his rendering of seascapes and brightly lit fishing scenes....

Article

Mogens Nykjær

He studied (1820–26) at the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen, under C. W. Eckersberg and others. His earliest paintings reveal remarkable skill in the emulation of models: the clarity and detail in the View of Nyhavn (early 1820s; Copenhagen, Hirschsprungske Saml.) is very much in the objective, closely observant spirit of Eckersberg; and the delicate use of light and colour in the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Chatou.

Painter (including gouache).

Nuagisme.

Gérard studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulon from 1949 to 1952, and travelled to Germany the following year, where he was inspired by the Romanticism of Schloss Benrath (near Düsseldorf); his pseudonym combines the castle's name with Nietzsche's first name, Friedrich. He lives and works in Paris....

Article

He first trained with Pierre Lacour the elder (1745–1814) in Bordeaux and on going to Paris studied with François André Vincent and then Jacques-Louis David. While a pupil of David, he became friendly with both François-Marius Granet and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. Bergeret played a major role in introducing ...

Article

Nathalie Volle

French painter and draughtsman. In 1764 he entered the studio of Noël Hallé, whose work strongly influenced his early paintings. Alexander Cutting the Gordian Knot (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.), with which he won the Prix de Rome in 1767, is a brilliant exercise in the grand academic style as conceived by the followers of François Boucher. After a period at the Ecole Royale des Elèves Protégés he completed his training at the Académie de France in Rome from ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 20 April 1807, in Ceva (Piedmont), to a French father and an Italian mother; died 29 April 1841, in Paris.

Draughtsman.

Louis, called Aloysius, was a Romantic poet, journalist, short-story writer and playwright. He spent his childhood in Dijon, where he was fascinated by the medieval churches and houses that still survived in this former capital of the Duchy of Burgundy; he was also enthusiastic about the engravings of Jacques Callot and the tales of Hoffmann. After various unsuccessful attempts at journalism, he went to Paris and struck up friendships with Sainte-Beuve, Victor Pavie and, above all, David d'Angers. He also knew the great Romantic writers such as Victor Hugo. His friends encouraged him to publish his prose poems, inspired by the Middle Ages and Dijon, that he entitled ...

Article

Efrem Gisella Calingaert

Italian painter and teacher. A leading exponent of academic Romanticism in Italy, he initially received drawing lessons from his friend Luigi Sabatelli. From 1786 he attended the Accademia delle Belle Arti in Florence, where he studied under Giuseppe Piattoli (c. 1743–1823), Jean-Baptiste Desmarais (...

Article

British, 19th century, female.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor.

Marianne Birch was the wife of the poet Alphonse de Lamartine. In 2003 she was represented at the exhibition Lamartine and the Romantic Landscape Around Paul Huet at the Museé des Ursulines and the Museé Lamartine at Mâcon....

Article

David Bindman

English printmaker, painter and poet. His reputation as a visual artist increased during the 20th century to the extent that his art is as well known as his poetry (see fig.). Yet in his own mind Blake never completely separated the two, and his most original work is to be found in hand-printed books of prophecy, which developed a personal mythology of limitless intellectual ambition. In these books, text and design are completely integrated in what he called ‘illuminated’ printing. He also made many pen and watercolour drawings, prints in various media and a small number of tempera paintings, but even in these his broader aims were primarily theological and philosophical: he saw the arts in all their forms as offering insights into the metaphysical world and therefore potentially redemptive of a humanity he believed to have fallen into materialism and doubt....

Article

Helmut Börsch-Supan

German painter.

Despite early artistic inclinations, he trained as a bank clerk and then worked as one from 1814 to 1822 before studying at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. Here Heinrich Anton Dähling (1773–1850) sharpened his interest in Romantic and poetic subjects, while Peter Ludwig Lütke (...

Article

Pascale Méker

French painter. After an apprenticeship at the Dihl et Guerhard porcelain factory in Paris, where he was taught by Etienne Leguay (1762–1846), Blondel moved to Jean-Baptiste Regnault’s atelier in 1802. He won the Prix de Rome in 1803 with Aeneas and Anchises (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.) but did not go to Rome until ...