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American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...

Article

Lillian B. Miller

American businessman, collector, patron and dealer. He began collecting art in 1869 with paintings by American Hudson River school artists and conventional European works, Chinese porcelain, antique pottery and 17th- and 18th-century English furniture. By 1883 his taste had focused entirely on American works, especially on paintings by ...

Article

Merrill Halkerston

American painter, interior designer and writer. Colman grew up in New York, where his father, Samuel Colman, ran a successful publishing business. The family bookstore on Broadway, a popular meeting place for artists, offered Colman early introductions to such Hudson River school painters as Asher B(rown) Durand...

Article

Phyllis Braff

American painter, printmaker, and illustrator, of English birth. His brothers Edward (1829–1901), John (1831–1902), and Peter (1841–1914) were also artists. The family emigrated from England and settled in Philadelphia in 1844. At age 16 Moran was apprenticed to the wood-engraving firm Scattergood and Telfer, but he also began to produce watercolours that sold well. In an exchange arrangement with a book dealer, Moran acquired editions of important engravings, including Claude Lorrain’s ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 12 January 1837, in Bolton (Lancashire); died 25 or 26 August 1926, in Santa Barbara (California).

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Figures, local scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Moran was taught by his brother Edward Moran. He travelled around France, England and Italy, then went to North America and settled in New York. He was one of the key figures of the Hudson River School and was influenced by Turner. In 1871 he made his first trip to the western Yellowstone region, joining a USA Geological Institute expedition. In 1873 he went with Major John Wesley to the Grand Canyon, which became one of his favourite sources of inspiration. He also left behind views of important American sites such as Yellowstone, Yosemite, Zion and the Teton range. Moran's landscapes are heavily imbued with a romantic and idealistic spirit. He transforms a vision of wild beauty, for example natural forms and forces aligned with bad weather, into an almost supernatural, but reasoned outburst. A fervent supporter of the early initiatives to create national parks, he is partly responsible for making Americans aware of the need to preserve their natural heritage....

Article

John Walker Myers

American painter. He began his career as a portrait painter in Boston, MA, but moved to New York in 1852 to enrol in antique and life classes at the National Academy of Design; he first exhibited there in 1855. During his studies he turned to landscape painting, becoming a successful member of the second generation of the ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 May 1820, in Springfield (Ohio); died 25 February 1910, in Summit (New Jersey).

Painter, draughtsman. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, mountainscapes, flowers, animals.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Worthington Whittredge trained at the Cincinnati Academy of Fine Arts, and subsequently in Düsseldorf and Italy (mostly Rome). He settled in New York in the early 1860s, and was active as a landscape painter and leading member of the Hudson River School. He accompanied three military expeditions to the Rocky Mountains and New Mexico, to observe the landscapes, and the culture of the local Native American tribes. He initially supported himself by producing daguerreotypes and portraits, and sign-painting, before devoting himself to depicting the American landscape, with particular attention to light effects. In the last ten years of his life, he produced an autobiography which was first published in ...

Article

Anthony F. Janson

American painter. With little education but with a longing to be an artist, he went at the age of 17 to Cincinnati, OH, where he served an apprenticeship as a sign painter to his brother-in-law Almon Baldwin (1800–70). In the summer of 1842...

Article

Ian J. Lochhead

New Zealand architect . Articled to the Christchurch architect Frederick Strouts (1834–1919) in 1893, he went to England in 1901, working for the Housing Division of the London County Council and subsequently for R. W. Schultz and Leonard Stokes. Returning to New Zealand in ...