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Article

Peyton Skipwith

He was articled to an architect and studied at Westminster School of Art under Frederick Brown and at the Royal Academy Schools. Later he worked in the studio of Aimé Morot in Paris and travelled to Italy. Bell belonged to the group of artist–craftsmen who brought about the last flowering of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. He painted in oil and watercolour and was among the pioneers of the revival of the use of tempera. He was an illustrator and also worked in stained glass and mosaic. He is best known for a series of bas-reliefs in coloured plaster, a group of which was used in the interior decoration at Le Bois de Moutiers, a house in Varengeville, Normandy, designed by ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 11 November 1850; died 1927.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtswoman (mixed media).

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite.

Catherine Madox Brown studied painting with her father, Ford Madox Brown, as did her sister Lucy and her brother Oliver, and she very soon began exhibiting her work at the Royal Academy, the Dudley Gallery and at other venues in London in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in Birmingham.

Born 1858; died 1927.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Pre-Raphaelite.

Kate Elizabeth Bunce studied at Birmingham School of Art and went on to exhibit her work at the Royal Academy in London from 1887 until 1901. She was a member of the Birmingham Society of Artists....

Article

Christopher Newall

English painter, illustrator, designer, writer and teacher. He showed artistic inclinations as a boy and was encouraged to draw by his father, the portrait painter and miniaturist Thomas Crane (1808–59). A series of illustrations to Tennyson’s The Lady of Shalott (Cambridge, MA, Harvard U., Houghton Lib.) was shown first to Ruskin, who praised the use of colour, and then to the engraver ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 July 1878, in Liverpool; died 1949.

Painter, illustrator. History painting, portraits.

Denis William Eden was the son of the landscape painter William Eden. He received guidance from the Pre-Raphaelite Frederick George Stephens and studied at St John's Wood Art School and the Royal Academy in London. He showed his work at Royal Academy exhibitions ...

Article

English illustrator, painter and designer. She entered the Royal Academy Schools, London, and won a prize for a mural design in 1897. She specialized in book illustration, in pen and ink and later in colour. Among her many commissions were illustrations to Tennyson’s Poems (...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Activec.1940-1970.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Cynthia Fuller was a self-taught artist. Her paintings reveal a poetic inspiration more or less in the tradition of the Pre-Raphaelites but moving towards Modernism in its bold use of colour. She is known for ...

Article

Andrew Greg

English painter. He was born into a musical family. An early artistic influence was the teaching of William Bell Scott, Headmaster of the Government School of Design in Newcastle. But in the 1850s Hemy’s painting had to compete with his Catholicism and the call of the sea. By the mid-1860s he had settled down and had adopted a Pre-Raphaelite style, exemplified in his early masterpiece ...

Article

Peter Cormack

English stained-glass artist, painter and illustrator. He studied painting in London at Leigh’s Art School and the Royal Academy Schools, where he was influenced by Pre-Raphaelitism. Contact with Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s circle and the architect William Burges introduced him to the applied arts, and from ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 January 1832, in London; died 22 December 1915.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes.

Pre-Raphaelite.

Arthur Hughes was a prominent member of the Pre-Raphaelite school. He enrolled at the Royal Academy Schools in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 April 1827, in London; died 7 September 1910, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelite.

William Holman Hunt worked in London as an office clerk from 1839 (when he was just 12 years old) until 1843. He entered the Royal Academy Schools on his third attempt, in 1844, and trained alongside John Everett Millais. He exhibited his first painting with the Royal Academy in 1845. Holman Hunt's earliest works announced his lifelong fascination with literary subjects, such as the ...

Article

English painter, draughtsman and collector. He came from a poor family and worked for most of his youth in an engineer’s office in London. When he was in his teens he attracted the attention of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Philip Webb and William Morris and became an assistant in the studios of ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 1926, in Moscow.

Sculptor.

Adelaide Pologova exhibited Spring, a coloured wood sculpture reminiscent of the 19th-century English Pre-Raphaelites, at Russian Art from the Scythians to Today ( L'Art Russe des Scythes à Nos Jours) at the Galeries Nationales at the Grand Palais in Paris in ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 22nd November 1854, in Turin.

Painter, miniaturist. Portraits, genre scenes.

Emma Régis painted small-format works or miniatures - 'turn of the century' genre scenes, somewhat Pre-Raphaelite in nature, or portraits, often of women dressed in an old-fashioned style and engaged in pleasant conversation....

Article

Annette Blaugrund

American painter (see fig.). In 1846–7 he attended the Central High School in Philadelphia, PA, but left before graduating in order to help support his family. He worked full-time as a designer and illustrator of ornamental metalwork from 1850 to 1853 and then part-time until ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 19 October 1888, in Warsaw.

Painter, engraver, sculptor.

Stanislav Rzecki trained at the academies in Cracow and Paris; he shared the Pre-Raphaelites' taste for Gothic art and the early Renaissance.

Warsaw (Muz. Narodowe): Woman's Head (bronze); two oil paintings...

Article

Julian Treuherz

English painter, illustrator and designer. Shields was brought up in extreme poverty and as a young man was employed on hack-work for commercial engravers. He briefly studied drawing at evening classes in London and Manchester, where he settled c. 1848. From 1856 he achieved local success with watercolours of rosy-cheeked children in the manner of William Henry Hunt. In the 1860s his style changed under the influence of the Pre-Raphaelites, whose work he encountered at the Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition of ...

Article

Jenny Elkan

English painter and model. She was a member of a wealthy Greek family living in London and was introduced to the Pre-Raphaelite circle through another Greek family, the Ionides, known for their patronage of the arts. Swinburne described her as ‘so beautiful that I want to sit down and cry’. She posed mainly for ...

Article

Julian Treuherz

English painter. The second son of Yorkshire landed gentry, he was educated at Rugby and Christ Church, Oxford. In 1850 he studied in London with G. F. Watts, through whom he entered the artistic circle at Little Holland House, where he met D. G. Rossetti and Edward Burne-Jones. In ...

Article

T. A. J. Burnett

English poet and critic. His letters and critical writings reveal him as unusually learned about, and sensitive to, the visual arts. His interest in painting was stimulated in 1857 when he met Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Edward Burne-Jones and William Morris at Oxford and, under their influence, adopted Pre-Raphaelite ideals. The effect on his poetry was transitory, but it was important for his prose and criticism. His ...