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Article

Rodolphe Rapetti

French writer and critic. His fictional work developed rapidly from a naturalist concept of the novel (e.g. Chair molle, Paris, 1885) to a symbolist one (e.g. Etre, Paris, 1888). As an art critic, he played an important role in the first years of ...

Article

Hans-Olof Boström

Swedish painter. He started to paint of his own initiative on Gotland at the age of 20. In the spring of 1890 he went to Paris, where he studied under Emile Bernard, through whom he became familiar with the work of Paul Cézanne and Vincent van Gogh. He became involved in theosophical circles, with Jacques Tasset, M. E. J. Coulomb and other members of the theosophical group Ananta. During the summers of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1869, in Hartford (Connecticut); died 1953, in Byfield (Massachusetts).

Painter. Landscapes.

Henry Hammond Ahl, like many American Impressionist painters, studied in Europe, at the Royal Bavarian Academy in Munich. On his return to the USA he adopted the Impressionist style completely and exhibited in the Boston galleries....

Article

French or Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1917.

Painter. Urban landscapes.

According to auction records and catalogues, Marc Aldine, who specialised exclusively in views of Venice painted in Post-Impressionist style, is a pseudonym of Abdellatif Ala El Dine, an abstract painter active in the 1960s. This theory is as yet unproven, although Marc Aldine's year of birth is recorded as ...

Article

French writer and collector. He wrote for a number of journals including Le Figaro, Le Voltaire and L’Evénement. He was the first to use the term Neo-Impressionism in a French publication (L’Evénement, 10 Dec 1886) after its use by Félix Féneon in September in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1900, in Paris.

Painter. Landscapes.

He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants from 1930 onwards. His landscapes can be classed as Neo-Impressionist.

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1886; died 1939.

Painter. Landscapes.

In the tradition of historical Impressionists, Anders Altzar was particularly responsive to atmospheric, hourly and seasonal effects on the appearance of landscapes.

Stockholm, 10 Nov 1982: Winter Landscape (oil on canvas, 35½ × 54¾ ins/90 × 139 cm) ...

Article

Isabel L. Taube

Term applied variously to describe a specific style, movement, and artistic affiliation embraced by American artists from about 1885 to 1920. Impressionism began in France in the early 1870s and later spread throughout Europe and the USA. While artists continue to paint in an Impressionist style today, art historians generally use the term American Impressionism to refer to an historical tendency that gained prominence and flourished during the last decades of the 19th century and first decades of the 20th. Impressionism began as a radical reaction to more conservative approaches to painting, and only in the early 20th century did it become a mainstream style in comparison with other developments in modern art. American Impressionism included a diversity of approaches, usually attributed to geographic and regional differences....

Article

Swiss painter and sculptor. From 1884 to 1886 he received irregular lessons from the Swiss painter Frank Buscher (1828–90). In the autumn of 1886 he attended the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Munich and the following year met Giovanni Giacometti, who was to be a lifelong friend. In ...

Article

Richard Thomson

French painter. He was trained at the Académie de Peinture et de Dessin in Rouen, where he won prizes. Although he failed to gain entry to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Angrand began to win a controversial local reputation for canvases in a loosely Impressionist manner. In ...

Article

Belinda Thomson

French painter. He came to Paris in 1882 and studied art at the Ateliers of Bonnat and Cormon, where he was a contemporary and friend of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Emile Bernard and Vincent van Gogh. His early work shows the influence of Impressionism and of Edgar Degas. In ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 15 January 1908, in Riga; died 13 January 1997.

Painter.

Until 1933, Ansis Artums was a pupil of the Post-Impressionist landscape artist Vilhelms Pruvitis at the academy of art in Riga. He lived in Tukums and participated in many collective exhibitions including the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 4 March 1925, in Berlin.

Painter. Landscapes.

Heinz Aulich was an Impressionist painter.

Article

Danielle Derrey-Capon

Belgian painter and etcher . The son of a successful mill-owner and an excellent musician, he was a pupil and friend of Gustave Den Duyts (1850–97), and later, at the Ghent Académie, of Jean Delvin (1853–1922). He was involved in the exhibiting society ...

Article

Kenneth Archer

Russian painter and stage designer of Belorussian birth. Born into a middle-class Jewish family, Bakst was educated in St Petersburg, attending a gymnasium and then the Academy of Arts (1883–6). He began professional life as a copyist and illustrator of teaching materials but quickly moved on to illustration for popular magazines. His tastes were influenced and horizons enlarged when he met Alexandre Benois and his circle in ...

Article

Rigmor Lovring

Danish painter and metalworker . He trained at private schools of painting in Copenhagen. In 1889–1904 he travelled to Paris and Brittany several times and between 1892 and 1906 was often in Italy. Mette Gauguin (b 1850) inspired in him an interest in French art, and it was she who introduced him to Paul Gauguin and Paul Sérusier in Brittany. He was encouraged by his friend the Dutch painter Jan Verkade to convert from Judaism to Catholicism in ...

Article

Thérèse Burollet

French sculptor and painter . He first studied law; when the Franco-Prussian war broke out in 1870 he enlisted as a volunteer in Gen. Charles Bourbaki’s army. After the battle of Sedan he fled to Switzerland. As a prisoner on parole, he attended Barthélemy Menn’s studio at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Geneva and decided to devote himself to painting. He worked alone, in a naturalistic manner heavily influenced by that of Jules Bastien-Lepage, with its insistence on working in the open air rather than in the studio. Bartholomé exhibited for eight years at the Salon des Artistes Français (e.g. ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1923, in New York.

Painter.

Rosemarie Beck's pictures, which are painted in oil and wax, have a tendency towards abstraction, but are also reminiscent of Impressionism. From 1949, she exhibited at Wellesley College, and also featured at the Whitney Annuals from ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Antwerp.

Painter. Urban landscapes.

Beernaert was self-taught and produced lively renditions of street scenes, following after the Impressionists.

Article

Charlotte Humphreys

He was a leading theorist and poet of the Russian Symbolist movement. In Russia Symbolism embraced a whole idealistic philosophy, strongly influenced by the eschatological and mystical teachings of Vladimir Solovyov (1853–1900) and by the belief, at the turn of the century, that Russia was on the threshold of a new era. The second generation of Russian Symbolist writers—Vyacheslav Ivanov, Aleksandr Blok and Andrey Bely—shared Solovyov’s Platonic concept that this world was merely a shadow of another, real, world to be intuitively divined and revealed by the poet. The anthroposophy of ...