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Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Paris.

Painter.

Barreda Fabres studied architecture at the Catholic university in Santiago and taught history of art in the architecture faculty from 1950 to 1955. He used a realist technique to paint constructions that belong to the world of the uncanny and the surreal. He took part in exhibitions in North America, Latin America and Europe and received many awards....

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1836, in Siena; died 1922.

Sculptor (wood), designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious furnishings.

Bartalozzi worked principally with the wood sculptor Nicodemo Ferri, chiefly on choir stalls for Siena Cathedral and a credenza for Marquis Ferdinando Pieri Nerli of Siena. He was also involved in carving the pianoforte presented by the City of Naples as a wedding gift to the King of Italy....

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 November 1836, in Bologna; died 1927.

Painter, watercolourist. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Luigi Bazzani studied at the Accademia in Bologna and, following visits to France and Germany, was appointed professor at the Accademia in Rome. He exhibited from ...

Article

Stephen Hill

English archaeologist and architectural historian. The first woman to achieve a first-class honours in modern history at Oxford University, she travelled widely in Europe, Japan and especially the Middle East in the 1890s, achieving fluency in a number of European languages as well as in Persian, Turkish and Arabic. She developed an interest in archaeology and architecture that was reflected in an authoritative set of articles on the Early Byzantine churches of Syria and southern Turkey, based on her travels in ...

Article

Vincent Lombard, Donato Notarnicola and Jhemel Zioua

French architect and monk. He was the son of an architect and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. He was a brilliant student and obtained his diploma in 1901. After a trip to Spain and Italy, where he produced some beautiful watercolours that earned him a special mention at the Salon in Paris (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Pouilly-sur-Loire; died 1944, in Fontainebleau.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, harbour scenes, church interiors, architectural interiors, still-lifes.

Boitiat was an inspector of primary education. He put on an exhibition at Fontainebleau in 1938. In 1986...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

Norwegian architect and designer. He was trained as a draughtsman and technician in Christiania (1883–4) and completed his education as an architect in Berlin (1884–7). He started his own practice in Christiania in 1888, serving also as a teacher at the Royal School of Design there from ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 November 1867, in Verona.

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects, portraits, architectural views.

Viscardo Carton was a pupil of Napoleone Nani at the academy in Verona, and of Luigi Cavenaghi in Milan.

He painted altar pictures and frescoes in churches and private houses....

Article

French organization founded in Poitiers in 1953. The Centre d’études supérieures de civilisation médiévale (CECSM) is affiliated with the Université de Poitiers, the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), and the Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. The founders, among them historian Edmond-René Labande and art historian René Crozet, began CESCM as a month-long interdisciplinary study of medieval civilization, inviting foreign students to participate. CESCM has since developed into a permanent organization but maintains the international and interdisciplinary focus of its founders....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, church interiors, interiors with figures, landscapes, architectural views.

Cesbron was the son of Achille Théodore Cesbron. He is particularly known for his Corner for the Poor, Abbey Church of Fécamp, View of a Monastery...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1823, in Paris; died 1907, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, designer. Church interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets.

Philippe Chaperon was set designer at the Opéra in Paris, producing most of the sets for French subsidised theatres, as well as the main theatres in France and abroad and the Expositions Universelles. He painted watercolours based on nature. He was the father of Eugène and Émile Chaperon, who took over from him....

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1865, in Brussels; died 1959.

Painter, decorative designer, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes.

Dierickx was a pupil of Jean Portaels and Joseph Stallaert. In 1887 he won the Godecharle Prize, which enabled him to travel in Italy. He regularly participated in the activities of the ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Bergamo.

Born 1844, in Bergamo; died 1911, in Rome.

Painter, watercolourist. Figures, architectural views, church interiors, architectural interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes.

Stefano Donadoni worked on interiors of churches and palaces. His major works include Ancient Bergamo, The Goatherd...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1840, in Chicago; died 27 January 1912, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views, ruins, church interiors, interiors.

Charles Dyer began his career in the Navy and the diplomatic corps (he was consul in Bristol and then Beirut). He left the diplomatic corps to devote himself to painting under the guidance of L. Jacquesson de la Chavreuse in Paris. In ...

Article

Eiheiji  

Dennis Lishka

Japanese Zen Buddhist monastery of the Sōtō sect, in Fukui Prefecture. Eiheiji’s significance derives largely from the place in the history of Japanese Buddhism of its founder, Dōgen (1199–1253), and to his interpretation of Sōtō Zen monastic practice. After 1217 Dōgen joined the dominant Tendai school of Buddhism, but he grew disillusioned with Japanese Buddhism as a feasible human soteriology, although he was much attracted to the practice of Zen meditation. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Milan; died 1932.

Painter, watercolourist. Church interiors, waterscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views.

Arturo Ferrari's master was the Milanese painter Giuseppe Bertini. His work frequently appeared at exhibitions held at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. He also exhibited in Paris (where he won a silver medal at the ...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1848, in Copenhagen; died 1912.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Interiors, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, architectural views, ruins, interiors, church interiors.

Copenhagen: View of St Mark's in Venice; View of the Villa Borghese in Rome

Copenhagen (Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek): View of the Tomb of A.J. Varstens in Rome...

Article

Cornelia Bauer

Swiss architect. After studying architecture for two years (c. 1876–8) at the Hochschule, Stuttgart, under Adolf Gnauth and Christian Friedrich Leins (1814–92), he travelled in Italy and France. From 1879 he worked primarily in St Gall, but he also worked elsewhere in Switzerland. He won a gold medal at the Vatican Exhibition (...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Copenhagen.

Born 22 November 1851, in Holstebro; died 1933.

Painter. Interiors with figures, church interiors, landscapes, architectural views.

Received an honourable mention at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889.

Copenhagen (Den Hirschsprungske Samling): Landscape near Næstved

Copenhagen (Statens Mus. for Kunst): ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

Turkish architect. He studied at the College of Civil Engineering in Istanbul, graduating in 1891, and at the Charlottenburg Technische Hochschule in Berlin (1896–8). After his return to Turkey in 1900, he taught at the College of Civil Engineering in Istanbul and became chief architect of the Ministry of Pious Foundations (...