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Article

Thorsten Opper

Elaborate monument erected by Octavian (later Augustus) in 29–27 bc on the Preveza Peninsula in Western Greece, north of the present-day town of Preveza, overlooking Cape Actium, to commemorate his naval victory over Mark Antony at Actium in 31 bc. The nearby city of Nikopolis...

Article

2nd century, male.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

According to an inscription from Delos, Adamas, an Athenian active at the end of the 2nd century BC, and his brothers Dionysodorus and Moschion made a statue ( Isis?) that was erected in Athens.

Article

1st century, male.

Born to a family originally from Ephesus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agasias was a sculptor active in the first half of the 1st century BC. According to inscriptions from Delos, he made a number of portrait sculptures for the agora of that city. Two bases signed by him were found in the sanctuary dedicated to Poseidon on the island of Tenos. The inscriptions indicate that they supported a bronze group representing the ...

Article

2nd century, male.

Born to a family originally from Boeotia.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agatharchus' name appears in an inscription from the mid-2nd century BC found in the sanctuary of Amphiaraus at Oropus.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active in the first half of the second century BC.

Born to a family originally from Soloi.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The signature of Agathocles was found at Rhodes.

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and the beginning of the 1st century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agathocles is known from two inscriptions from the Acropolis at Lindos, one dated 104 BC, and the other (a statue of Timachidas son of Hagesitimus) from the time of the First Mithridatic War (88-84 BC)....

Article

2nd century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd century BC.

Born to a family originally from Messene.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The name of Agias appears on the base of a statue at Olympia.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 2nd century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agorallus' name is known from three signatures from Delos.

Article

Ye. V. Zeymal’

Site of a Hellenistic town of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, located at the confluence of the Kokcha and Pyandzh rivers (tributaries of the Amu River), northern Afghanistan. The site was excavated by the Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan under Paul Bernard, from 1965 until the outbreak of the Afghan civil war in ...

Article

R. A. Tomlinson

Site of Greek settlement in north-west Turkey at Nemrud Kalesi, 35 km south of Pergamon. It is situated on a steep-sided hill easily accessible only from the north, about three hours walk inland from the modern coast road. Its foundation date is uncertain: although Herodotus (, ...

Article

Aizanoi  

William E. Mierse

Site of Hellenistic and Roman city, 54 km south-west of Kütahya in Turkey. Its remains comprise a Temple of Zeus, two agoras, a heroön, a macellum (market), a round structure with the Edict on Prices of Diocletian (ad 301) carved on its exterior walls, a stadium and theatre complex, a bath–gymnasium, bridges and quays. Most date to the 2nd century ...

Article

1st century, male.

Born to a family originally from Antioch in Meandrus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The letter forms of two signatures of Alexander seem to date them to the beginning of the 1st century BC. Some scholars have sought to link a base bearing the name Alexander (a Melos-style inscription) in the Louvre with the plinth of the ...

Article

Judith McKenzie, Gordon Campbell, R. R. R. Smith, Wiktor A. Daszewski, A. H. Enklaar, Dominic Montserrat, C. Walters and Wladyslaw B. Kubiak

Reviser Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Egyptian city situated on the Mediterranean coast west of the delta of the River Nile, capital of Egypt from c. 320 bc to ad 642, seaport and centre of ancient Greek culture.

Alexandria was founded in 331 bc by Alexander, on the site of the small Egyptian settlement of Rhakotis. Its location, with access by canal to the River Nile, enabled it to become an important and highly prosperous trading centre, and by ...

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 1st century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Ammonius' name appears in an inscription from Delos. A damaged inscription from Athens, dating from 101 BC, may also be his.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active in the time of Hadrian.

Born to a family originally from Miletus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Anaximenes made the statue of the proconsul Q. Caecilius Rufus for Gortyn (in Crete), of which the inscription still remains.

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

An inscription tells us that Andragoras made a portrait statue of Stratocles, son of Cairogenes, for Astypalaea.

Article

1st century, male.

Active in the first half of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Andragoras' signature was found on an inscription from Rhodes of c. 75 BC.

Article

1st century, male.

Active in the middle of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Andragoras' name appears on a white marble base from the Acropolis of Lindos (for a statue in honour of Eupolemus, son of Eupolemus). The sculptor may be the son of Andragoras, son of Aristomenes....

Article

Andreas  

2nd century, male.

Sculptor in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

According to an inscription from Olympia, Andreas and his brother Aristomachus made a statue of Q. Marcius Philippus (consul in 176 and 169 BC) offered by the Achaean League. Another inscription of unknown origin states that the same artists made a statue of a certain Timeas, son of Hagias, to be placed in a sanctuary. The text refers to the sculptors as being 'of Kaunos', but that may mean that they were honorary citizens of that town. It is not clear whether this Andreas was the same as the artist from Argos who made the bronze statue of Lysippus of Elea, victor of the children's wrestling competition, for Olympia. Either way, the name Andreas marks the renaissance of bronze statuary in Argos in the 2nd century BC....

Article

Margaret Lyttleton

Greek architect and astronomer. He is associated with a single building, the Tower of the Winds (Horologion) on the edge of the Roman agora in Athens, of which he was named the architect by Vitruvius (On Architecture I.vi.4). This elegant and ingenious small marble octagonal building was designed externally as a monumental sundial and weather-vane, with a representation of each of the eight winds carved on the sides of the octagon; at the apex of the roof was a bronze Triton that acted as a weathercock. The interior of the building contained a complicated waterclock; apart from the Triton and the clock, the building is well preserved. Andronikos’ home town of Kyrrhos appears to be that in Macedonia, rather than the town of the same name in Syria, because a sundial from the island of Tenos carries an epigram in honour of its maker, who is named as Andronikos of Kyrrhos in Macedonia, son of Hermias, and compares him with the famous Hellenistic astronomer Aratos of Soli in Cilicia (...