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Article

Greek, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1768, in Zákinthos; died 1834, at Zákinthos.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Cantunis was the pupil of Nicolas Cutuzis, and also studied in Venice.

Athens (Ethnikí Pinakothíki)

Zakinthos (MA)

Article

Thomas J. McCormick

French architect, archaeologist and painter. He was an important if controversial figure associated with the development of the Neo-classical style of architecture and interior design and its dissemination throughout Europe and the USA. He studied at the Académie Royale d’Architecture, Paris, under Germain Boffrand and won the Grand Prix in ...

Article

Greek, 18th century, male.

Painter.

He was a monk and decorated the Convent on Mount Athos.

Article

Greek, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born in Zakynthos.

Painter.

Nicolas Doxaras was the son and also the pupil of Panagiotis.

Article

Greek, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1662, in Zakynthos; died 1729, on Corfu.

Painter.

Doxaras was the pupil of his fellow Greek, Moschos, before going to settle in Venice, where he learned to work in the style of the great colourists and painted a few portraits. He decorated churches including that of St Spiridon on Corfu....

Article

John Wilton-Ely

Type of delicate, painted Neo-classical decoration, derived mainly from the shapes, motifs and colours of antique vases. It was part of the quest in Europe in the last quarter of the 18th century for a contemporary expression in interior design and the applied arts. The term is applied loosely to various schemes of decoration inspired by Classical sources, involving Renaissance ...

Article

John Turpin

English painter, archaeologist and dealer, of Irish origin. A Roman Catholic, he was the son of a prosperous London baker, originally from Cork. He entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1781; two years later he travelled to Italy via Flanders and Paris, reaching Rome in ...

Article

Luca Leoncini

Italian archaeologist and churchman. He went when young to Rome, where he studied philosophy and civil and canon law at the Sapienza. He took priestly orders, but after working briefly as a lawyer devoted himself entirely to archaeology. His first written work was Sulle rovine di Roma...

Article

Luca Leoncini

. Italian scholar, archaeologist and antique collector. His studies and his major writings were devoted to ancient art, and were closely linked with the objects he collected throughout his life. These formed an important collection which earned him great fame, but which was dispersed after his death. It contained small objects and rarities including mirrors, graffiti, lead seals, coins, cameos, lockets and tesserae. The most important piece was undoubtedly the famous ...

Article

David Rodgers

Scottish painter, archaeologist and dealer, active in Italy. He was educated at Glasgow University and in 1748 arrived in Rome to study portrait painting under Agostino Masucci. He lodged with the architects James Stuart and Nicholas Revett; they probably encouraged him to visit Herculaneum and the recently discovered archaeological site of Pompeii, which had a profound effect on his subsequent career. Convinced that ‘the ancients have surpassed the moderns, both in painting and sculpture’, Hamilton undertook a systematic study of Classical antiquities during the 1750s and 1760s. In ...

Article

Greek, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1741, in Zakynthos; died 1813, in Zakynthos.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Kutuzis was a pupil of Panagiotis Doxaras and studied in Venice.

Athens (Ethnikí Pinakothíki)

Article

Greek, 18th century, male.

Born in Argos.

Painter.

Markos owes his reputation to the frescoes that he painted in the church of Panagia-Phanerumena on the island of Salamina. The work, carried out with his students, was completed in 1735.

Article

Greek, 18th century, male.

Active probably active during the 18th century.

Painter.

The Vatican Museum owns one of the works by Antonios Pampilopos, a Madonna and Child.

Article

John Wilton-Ely

Italian etcher, engraver, designer, architect, archaeologist and theorist. He is considered one of the supreme exponents of topographical engraving, but his lifelong preoccupation with architecture was fundamental to his art. Although few of his architectural designs were executed, he had a seminal influence on European ...

Article

Helen Weston

French painter and draughtsman. Prud’hon is best known for his allegorical paintings and portraits, most of which were done during the turbulent years of the Revolution (1789–99) and the heroic years of the First Empire (1804–15). It is paradoxical that, while actively supporting the rigorous social reforms of the Jacobins and seeking approval in Napoleonic circles, Prud’hon should have produced work that generally shows great charm and sentimental appeal; these qualities distinguish his oeuvre from the more austere Neo-classicism of David and his school and place him historically in close relation to an earlier 18th-century European tradition of ...

Article

David Watkin

English architect and archaeologist. Stuart, called ‘Athenian’ in his lifetime, achieved an international reputation as the author, with Nicholas Revett, of the Antiquities of Athens, in four volumes (1762–1816), the first accurate record of Classical Greek architecture. Second in importance only to the writings of Winckelmann in promoting enthusiasm throughout 18th-century Europe for the notion of a Greek ideal, it was these measured drawings and topographical views that were used as a basis for the ...

Article

Greek, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active on Corfu.

Born in the second half of the 17th century, of Cretan origin.

Icon painter.

Athens (Ethnikí Pinakothíki): Adoration of the Shepherds (1688--1700, tempera on panel)

Article

German art historian. His writings on the sculpture of ancient Greece and Rome redefined the history of art and provided a theoretical apologia for Neo-classicism. Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums (1764) was a standard reference on the art of the ancient world until well into the 19th century. Winckelmann revolutionized archaeological studies by providing a framework for stylistic classification of antiquities by period of origin, whereas previous antiquarian scholars had concerned themselves almost exclusively with questions of subject-matter. His analysis of the aesthetics of Greek art and his account of the conditions that encouraged its flowering, which highlighted the importance of climate and the political freedom of the ancient Greek city states, had a major impact in the art world of his time. His scholarly celebrations of masterpieces of ancient sculpture were particularly popular and were widely quoted in travel books and artistic treatises....

Article

Greek, 17th – 18th century, male.

Icon painter.

Stefan Zankarolas was a painter of the Italo-Byzantine school.