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Ampulla  

Gordon Campbell

Small vessel, usually made of glass, used in ancient Rome and later in the Western church, for holding consecrated oil, or for other sacred uses.

V. Ascani: ‘Ampolla’, Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale, 1 (Rome, 1991), pp. 524–6C. Lambert and P. Pedemonte Demeglio: ‘Ampolle devozionali ed itinerari di pellegrinaggio tra IV e VII secolo’, ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Product of a technique first used in ancient Egypt and later developed in ancient Rome. The outer of two superimposed layers of glass was ground away to leave a pattern consisting of a pattern standing in relief on a contrasting ground, usually white on dark blue. The finest surviving example is the Portland Vase (early 1st cent. ...

Article

Enclosed portico, underground passage or a gallery enclosed by walls with windows.

Article

Crystal  

Gordon Campbell

Colourless glass with a high degree of transparency achieved by ther admixture of manganese to the Frit. It is normally used for glass vessels, decanters and wine glasses, and is often cut. The technique was known in ancient Rome and rediscovered in 15th-century Venice, from where it was transmitted all over Europe....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France after 1947 (naturalised French citizen 1965).

Born 29 May 1922, in Braila, Romania; died 4 February 2001, in Paris.

Sculptor. Architectural integration, stained glass designs.

Iannis Xenakis studied civil engineering at the Athens polytechnic but his studies were interrupted by World War II and then the civil war in Greece. In ...