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Rotunda  

Vaughan Hart

Name applied generally to a circular building, predominantly domed or vaulted (sometimes entitled ‘Pantheon’), or specifically to a series of villas of the Palladian type with a circular central space. Originating with circular Greek commemorative buildings, Roman temples, and Imperial mausolea, the rotunda form was used for a number of Early Christian churches and medieval baptisteries and became projected as an ideal form for Christian worship in the early Italian Renaissance (...