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Article

Ecuadorean, 18th century, male.

Painter. Figures.

New York, 24 Nov 1992: Castes (oil on canvas, collection of four paintings representing the various inhabitants of Ecuador, 32 × 42 ins/81.5 × 106.7 cm) USD 154,000

Article

Emmanuel Ortega

(b Texcoco; fl 1751–1803). Mexican painter. José de Alcíbar was a prominent figure in Mexico City’s cultural scene during the second half of the 18th century, where he appears to have primarily painted portraits and religious images. One of Alcíbar’s best-known works, De Español y Negra, Mulato...

Article

Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1738, in Vila Rica (now Ouro Prêto), Minas Gerais; died 18 November 1814, in Villa Rica.

Sculptor.

Aleijadinho studied European style from engravings and prints in contemporary journals of architecture. He was fascinated by the elaborate Rococo style and southern German religious representations. He was given the nickname Aleijadinho (the little cripple) because of an illness that progressively destroyed his fingers and toes from ...

Article

Humberto Rodríguez-Camilloni

Spanish architect, engineer, and administrator, active in Peru. He was the second son of the Marquis de Castellbell and received military training at an early age. He served as Spanish governor in Chile (1755–61), acquiring a reputation there as a fortifications expert. In ...

Article

Myriam A. Ribeiro de Oliveira and Liliana Herrera

In 

See Lisboa family

Article

Maria Concepción García Sáiz

Mexican architect. He qualified as an architect in 1691. Between 1695 and 1709 he worked on the Basílica of Guadalupe, Mexico, which is mainly interesting for its broken lines and for the octagonal form used in the dome, in the section of the towers, and the lintels of the doors. His activities were concentrated mainly in Mexico City, where he worked as Maestro Mayor for the Inquisition and the cathedral. He was responsible for the churches of S Gregorio and S Bernardo, the church and convent of S Teresa la Nueva, the monastery of S José de los Carmelitas Descalzos, the church of El Amor de Dios, and the church, sacristy, and sacristy entrance hall of S Domingo, as well as the Palace of the Inquisition and Customs, all in Mexico City. He also collaborated on the churches of S Clara, Jesús Nazareno, S Francisco, S Miguel, and La Profesa, all in Mexico City, and worked on the Colegio Seminario of the cathedral. His non-ecclesiastical works include the S Juan del Río, Mariscala, and Alhóndiga bridges. He used a white stone from Chiluca and ...

Article

Myriam A. Ribeiro de Oliveira

Brazilian painter. He was the most important painter active in the province of Minas Gerais during the Colonial period. He learnt his craft in the workshop with other artists and from such theoretical treatises as Andrea Pozzo’s Perspectivae pictorum atque architectorum (1693–1700) and such technical manuals as the ...

Article

Maria Concepción García Sáiz

Spanish architect and sculptor, active in Mexico. Between 1702 and 1703 he worked in Madrid as a designer of stage machinery, later moving to Andalusia, where he produced the principal altar of the sacristy of Seville Cathedral in the Rococo style, completed in 1709 (destr. ...

Article

Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Active in 1736.

Architect, painter.

Article

Ramón Gutiérrez

Italian architect, active in Argentina. Having studied architecture in Rome, in 1716 he joined the Jesuit Order. In 1717 he travelled with Giovanni Battista Primoli to Buenos Aires, subsequently settling in Córdoba. He was an able designer with a considerable theoretical knowledge of architecture and often worked in collaboration with ...

Article

Boccaro  

Gordon Campbell

Scented red earthenware brought originally by the Portuguese from Mexico; the word derives from Portuguese búcaro (clay cup). The term also denotes similar earthenware made in Portugal and Spain (especially Talavera) from the 16th to the 18th centuries, and the imitation made by Johann Friedrich Böttger...

Article

Ellen Paul Denker

American porcelain manufacturer. Gousse Bonnin (b ?Antigua, c. 1741; d c. 1779) moved in 1768 from England to Philadelphia, where he established the first porcelain factory in America with money from an inheritance and with investments from George Morris (1742/5–73). The land was purchased late in ...

Article

Jorge Luján-Muñoz

Guatemalan painter, printmaker, and medallist. He entered the mint in 1795 as an apprentice engraver but on the recommendation of its director, Pedro Garci-Aguirre, also became Master Corrector at the Escuela de Dibujo de la Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País, Guatemala City, in 1796...

Article

Mexican, 18th century, male.

Born 1695, in Tlalixtac (Caxaca); died 1768, in Mexico City.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Nothing is known about Miguel Cabrera's training, but we do know that he spent time with such masters of the day as Villalpondo and Correa. In 1753...

Article

Maria Concepción García Sáiz

Mexican painter. He studied under Juan Correa and made indiscriminate use in his paintings of old engravings from different European schools. He is known to have painted a number of pictures during the 1740s, but it was after 1750 that he received his most important commissions, including the series dedicated to the life of St Ignatius Loyola for the Colegio de San Ignacio y San Francisco Javier in Querétaro, for the Templo de La Profesa in Mexico City and for the Jesuit college at Tepotzotlán near Mexico City. In the 1760s Cabrera painted a ...

Article

Argentinian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1740, in Salta.

Painter, sculptor. History painting.

Tomás Cabrera was the creator of an historic picture of great significance to Argentina: Tomás Matorras, Governor of Tucuman, and the Cacique, Paykin, Signing the Peace in Chaco, dated 1774.

Buenos Aires (Mus. Histórico Nacional): ...

Article

Mexican, 18th century, male.

Active in Mexico.

Painter.

Article

Argentinian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born at the end of the 18th century, in Buenos Aires; died 1878, in Buenos Aires.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions.

Camana was the founder of the Society for the Development of Art in Argentina in 1876, and also taught design to Doña Mamelita Rosas, wife of the famous general. He created the picture: ...

Article

(b San Juan, Dec 23, 1751; d San Juan, Nov 7, 1809). Puerto Rican painter. Campeche y Jordán’s father was a freed black slave, while his mother was from the Canary Islands and was considered white. He may have received some artistic training from his father, who was a gilder, decorator, and painter. Campeche must have depended to some extent on engravings for iconographic configurations, anatomical realism, and composition; he may have possessed a copy of Antonio Palomino’s ...

Article

Puerto Rican, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1751; died 1809.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

José Capeche is regarded as the father of Puerto Rican painting. His father, Tomás de Rivafrecha y Campeche, was the slave of a Canon at the cathedral; later, having been freed, he taught himself how to gild and paint and eventually introduced his son to painting. José Campeche later worked with the Spanish painter Luis Paret y Alcázar, exiled to Puerto Rico in ...