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Article

British, 16th century, male.

Born 1540, in London; died 1595, in London.

Architect, draughtsman, engraver.

Robert Adams was a talented man and his competence earned him the position of architect to Queen Elizabeth I of England. A series of rare engravings by Augustus Ryther, based on Adams' drawings, was published in ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born 1502, in Paderborn (Westphalia); died c. 1558, in Soest.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits.

Some biographers cite Heinrich Aldegrever's birthplace as the town of Paderborn, Germany, where his parents lived, while others claim it as Soest. He certainly lived in Soest after having completed his studies. In his study of the 'Little Masters' (so called because they engraved mostly small plates), Albert Rosemberg disputes that he studied under Dürer. Rosemburg even claims that he had never been to Nuremberg, despite van Melder's confirmation that Aldegrever worked at the high altar of a church in the town. It is indisputable, however, that Dürer strongly influenced him. Other artists who influenced him are Barthel Beham and Georg Pencz....

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1480, in Altdorf, in Regensburg according to some sources; died 1538, in Regensburg.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, hunting scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Danube School.

Albrecht Altdorfer could be considered as important an artist as Dürer. He probably acquired basic artistic skills while working with his father Ulbrich, who is known to have became a burgher of Regensburg in 1478. Albrecht is also believed to have studied the art of miniature painting. Almost all of his artistic activity took place in Regensburg where he worked from 1508 in various official capacities, playing an active role in the public life of the town. In 1526 he was nominated as the town's architect and directed building works on the ramparts and slaughterhouses. He also became a member of the town council....

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1525, in Antwerp; died 1589.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, seascapes.

Antwerp School.

He was a pupil of his father, Willem, and of Frans Floris. He went to Italy to work from nature, and when he returned to Antwerp in 1551, became a Master of the Guild. He married in Antwerp on 2 July 1555 and had two sons who were both painters, Gillis and Hans. He painted the landscapes of paintings by Frans Floris and by his brother, Marten....

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1507, in Antwerp, in 1527 according to some sources; died 1557, in 1581 according to some sources.

Draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, rustic scenes, local scenes (kermesses).

Antwerp School.

He was the brother of Hendrick van Cleve III. A pupil of his father, Willem, and Frans Floris, he became a Master of the Antwerp Guild in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1490, in Soucy, near Sens; died c. 1560, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator, architect.

First Fontainebleau School.

It seems incontrovertible that Jean Cousin was a painter and an engraver. His activity as an architect seems to have been limited to the publication in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born 1510, probably in Paris; died after 1584, in Annecy or in Geneva.

Draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, architectural views, interiors. Ornaments.

Fontainebleau School (related to).

Du Cerceau's parents' surname was Androuet; the name Du Cerceau came from a distinctive ring that hung from the top of their house in Orléans, and was added to his surname by Jacques Androuet himself. He spent most of his life in Orléans, where he lived in the family home. Many of his works are dated. Certain biographers maintain that he studied under Étienne Delaulne, but the similarity between his work and the work of Léonard Thiry implies that he trained at Thiry's school. He visited Italy with George d'Armagnac, Francis I's ambassador to the Venetian Republic. On his return, in 1546 or 1547, he won sponsors in the royal family and in the nobility. He is believed to have retired to Switzerland and the Savoie region of France. A Protestant, he suffered persecution, and requested leave from the King....

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1525, in Bordeaux; died 1601, in Paris, in 1604 according to Bryan's Dictionary.

Painter, engraver, architect.

After studying in Italy, Étienne Duperac returned to France, where he published a collection of Views of the Tivoli Grdens, dedicated to Marie de' Medici. Henri IV appointed him to the position of royal architect and commissioned him to carry out a number of building tasks at Fontainebleau. While working as an architect, he also painted five scenes for the bathroom, showing ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1514, in Antwerp; died 20 February 1572, in 1575 according to some sources.

Sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, architect.

After a period working in Italy, Cornelis Floris II returned to Antwerp, where he married the sister of the painter Frans Pourbus. He is chiefly known as an architect, although he also painted decorative ...

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1510, in Ypres; died 22 June 1562, in Courtrai.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, architect.

Foort first worked in Italy, where is believed to have been a pupil of Tintoretto. According to Van Mander, on his return to Flanders he left a wife and children behind in Italy, married again in Courtrai, and was subsequently accused of bigamy. Among his pupils were Pieter Vlerick and Nicolas Snallaert. Foort made many engravings from Dürer, Lucas van Leyden and the Italian masters....

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1503, in Nuremberg; died 1553, in Vienna.

Painter (enamel), engraver (copper/etching). Figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, architectural views.

Augustin Hirschvogel received his earliest teaching from his father Veit Hirschvogel the Elder, a glass painter. As well as glass painting, Augustin studied painting on enamel, wood engraving, pottery, letters and the sciences. He spent some time in Vienna. His landscape etchings are remarkable....

Article

Austrian, 16th century, male.

Active in Vienna at the end of the 16th century.

Draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Five series of 12 plates each are known by this artist. They show: 1. birds, insects and flowers; 2. friezes for goldsmiths; 3. arabesques with medallions; 4. arabesques with animals, figures and horsemen; and 5. arabesques, foliage and grotesques....

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1505, in Hassfurt-am-Main; died after 1571.

Sculptor (bronze), draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer, architect, engineer. Allegorical subjects, portraits.

Hans Peisser is, without doubt, the sculptor who, in 1543, famously secured an undertaking from King Frederick I to the effect that no copies of his work would be made for a period of 10 years. Duke Barnim of Pomerania recommended Peisser in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born between 1515 and 1520, in Gray; died 1601, in Dijon.

Sculptor (wood), draughtsman, engraver, architect. Architectural views.

The exhibition Hugues Sambin: An Artist of the French Renaissance ( Hugues Sambin: Un Artiste de la Renaissance Française), held in the National Museum of the Renaissance in Écouen in ...

Article

English painter, printmaker and writer. After being educated at a school for the sons of Methodist ministers, he was articled to the Gothic Revival architect Edward James Willson (1787–1854) in Lincoln. Willson allowed him to spend much of his time drawing the paintings and sculptures in Lincoln Cathedral and after three years let him leave to become a painter. Smetham then worked as a portrait painter in Shropshire before moving to London (...

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1526, in Leeuwarden; died between 1606 and 1609, in Antwerp.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, interiors, church interiors, gardens, decorative motifs (grotesques), models (buildings).

Prague School.

Hans Vredeman de Vries was a pupil of Cornelis Floris (Cornelis Cornelis de Vriendt) and studied painting in Amsterdam. He was a great traveller and went to Mechelen, to Antwerp in 1549 and again in 1562 and from 1575 to 1585 and then to Leipzig. In 1586, he went to Frankfurt and then Brunswick, where he was based until 1596. In 1591 he was in Hamburg. Between 1592 and 1595 he worked in Danzig (now Gdansk) where he designed the fortifications and some ornamental motifs and also decorated the town hall and a number of churches. Next he went to Prague (1596-1598), to the court of Rudolph II, and to Amsterdam and The Hague. He had two sons, Salomon and Paul, who worked with him....