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Francis Woodman

Former Augustinian priory church in Northumberland, England, noted for its Anglo-Saxon crypt and Early Gothic transept. Founded c. ad 675 by St Wilfrid (d 709), Hexham was an important Anglo-Saxon building, and a cathedral from 681. Richard of Hexham (12th century) described the early church as ‘larger than any other house this side of the Alps’, while William of Malmesbury (...


Carola Hicks

Term used to describe the art produced by the Ostrogoths, barbarian peoples whose invasion of the declining Roman Empire helped to transform Late Antique into medieval art. They occupied Italy in ad 488, and they were followers of Arianism. Their king Theodoric the Great (...


José Luis Senra Gabriel y Galán

Spanish Benedictine abbey dedicated to S Benito, 60 km south-west of the city of León and on the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela. According to tradition, the settlement originated in the Visigothic period around the martyrial mausoleum identified with the Hispano-Roman saints Facundus and Primitivus. Documentary sources, however, do not mention the site before the second half of the 9th century, it was then abandoned as a result of Islamic attacks. Some years later, a Christian monastic community from al-Andalus restored the older religious establishment, founding an abbey. The initiative was supported by the Asturian King Alfonso III (...


Jordi Camps i Sòria

Hispano-Visigothic church, now in the village of El Campillo, in the province of Zamora, Spain. It was removed from its original site beside the river Esla, where a reservoir was to be built, and re-assembled in El Campillo. San Pedro de la Nave is not only one of the master works of the Visigothic world but also one of the most controversial. It most likely dates from between the 7th and 9th centuries; neither documentation nor archaeological evidence enables greater accuracy....


Carl D. Sheppard

Term applied to any object made by the Visigoths during their migrations across Europe from the 1st to the 8th century ad.

The Visigoths were a Germanic tribe first mentioned by Pliny the elder in the 1st century ad as living along the western shores of the Baltic Sea. They gradually moved south and east until the 4th century. Emperor Aurelian (...