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Article

Jane Geddes

Deluxe manuscript (Aberdeen, U. Lib., MS. 24) made in England around 1200. It is remarkable for its lavish illustrations, amply covered in gold leaf; for the wealth of its codicological data and for its close relationship to the Ashmole Bestiary. The book was left unfinished, so sketches and the detailed instructions for its colouring and assembly remain visible. The last few pages were completed in the 14th century. The book begins with a Creation cycle of full-page miniatures culminating in ...

Article

Acutus  

Italian, 12th century, male.

Active in Pianella during the second half of the 12th century.

Sculptor.

According to an inscription, this artist made the throne in S Angelo, Pranella.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Active probably active in Montamiata.

Miniaturist, calligrapher.

Tuscan School.

Adalbert collaborated in the writing and decoration of a Bible in four or five volumes for the Carthusian library in Calci, near Pisa, which was left by Cardinal Nicola di Prato to the Dominican monastery of Viterbo in ...

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.

According to an inscription, this artist worked on the columns of the crypt of S Zeno, Verona.

Article

12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Article

Ademar  

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

According to a document preserved in the Bibliothèque nationale de Paris, Ademar was a monk in a monastery in Limoges.

Article

A. Gerhardt

Benedictine abbey on the River Enns in Styria, Austria. It was founded in the mid-11th century by Bishop Gebhard from Salzburg, endowed by St Henna von Gurk, Gräfin von Friessach (d 1045), and settled by Benedictine monks from St Peter’s, Salzburg under Abbot Isingrin. The Romanesque minster (consecrated ...

Article

Agnes  

German, 12th century, female.

Born 12th century.

Miniaturist.

A nun and the daughter of the Margrave Arnold von Meissen, Agnes was abbess of Quedlinburg from 1184 to 1203, and during this time she proved herself a distinguished miniaturist. A Gospel Book, of which she may have painted the initials, is attributed to her....

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

According to an inscription on a 12th-century bible (Paris), Aimardus worked on a liber floratum containing the Legend of St Martial of Limoges.

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Active in St-Denis.

Mosaicist.

Among the fragments of mosaic from St-Denis now in the Musée de Cluny there is one that carries the inscription: Hoc presbyter Albericus nobile fecit opus ( The priest Albericus made this noble work). These fragments are a unique example of the use of glass mosaic in monumental decoration....

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Lombard School.

This artist was the sculptor, with his son Petrus, of one of the stone crucifixes in S Petronio, Bologna (1159). The work is a perfect example of the characteristics of Lombardian modelling in the 12th century....

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor.

This artist was probably working between 1190 and 1200.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Born c. 1103, in Reggio nell'Emilia.

Painter.

This artist's date of birth has been established by documents from the archives of S Prospero found in Reggio.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor.

This artist's name is found in the file of a legal case between the Chapter of Pisa Cathedral and the Gualandi family in the 12th century. The document is not dated but is thought to have been written in 1183...

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

This artist was paid in Pisa in 1169 for having collaborated in the decoration of a Bible at the Charterhouse of Calci, near Pisa.

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Illuminator.

Burgundy School.

A certain Albertus, a native of Trier (Trèves), is mentioned among the abbots of the monastery of Cluny between 1109 and 1122 under the name of Pontius, and between 1122 and 1157 as Pierre. He worked at the same time as Opizon on an extraordinary Bible, the binding of which was encrusted with precious stones and which was kept in the library of Cluny. This magnificent book is no longer in existence, but we can assume that it was one of the masterpieces of this highly original school of which Cluny was the centre in the 12th century....

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

This artist is said to have painted a Romanesque crucifix in the cathedral of Spoleto. It is signed: Opus Albertini Sotti, 1187.

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist, illuminator. Religious subjects.

A monk, this artist illustrated a manuscript of St Augustine's City of God.

Boulogne-sur-Mer (Bibliothèque municipale): The City of God

Article

Algarve  

Kirk Ambrose

Southern-most region of mainland Portugal. Its name is derived from ‘the West’ in Arabic. This region has relatively few medieval buildings: devastating earthquakes in 1722 and 1755 contributed to these losses, though many buildings were deliberately destroyed during the Middle Ages. For example, in the 12th century the Almoravids likely razed a pilgrimage church, described in Arabic sources, at the tip of the cape of S Vicente. Mosques at Faro, Silves and Tavira, among others, appear to have been levelled to make room for church construction after the Reconquest of the region, completed in ...

Article

Alipi  

Russian, 11th – 12th century, male.

Died 17 August 1114.

Painter.

This artist was a monk who took his name from that of the monastery in the caves of Kiev. He painted images of the oldest saints, having learned his art from the Byzantine painters who decorated the monastery church in ...