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Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1418, in Florence; died before 1498, in Perugia.

Sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Florentine School, Perugian School.

The son of the weaver Antonio di Duccio, Agostino d'Antonio di Duccio produced works in marble and terracotta of the Della Robbia type. His earliest known works are four low reliefs in Modena Cathedral. While living in Florence in ...

Article

Anna Nilsén

Painter and textile designer, active in Sweden. He was probably of German origin. He married in 1473 and was a burgher of Stockholm, where he ran a workshop for liturgical embroidery. Apparently well-to-do, during the years 1501–7 he paid a higher tax than any other painter in Stockholm. About this time he also seems to have delivered an altarpiece to the Brigittine convent of Naantali (Swed. Nådendal) in Finland. He is last mentioned in ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Naples in the middle of the 15th century.

Painter, embroiderer.

In 1472, Antonello di Capua executed chamber paintings for King Alphonse I. The following year he carried out work for the Duchess of Termoli.

Article

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Active in Arrasc.1419.

Painter. Designs for carpets.

Flemish School.

Baudouin Bailleul carried out the painting work in the council chamber of the ducal palace at Arras. A painter of the same name supplied Philip the Good with carpet patterns in ...

Article

Scot McKendrick

He was a wealthy member of the Arras bourgeoisie and seems to have been a very successful artist. His first recorded work was the painting of mainly heraldic devices in memory of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, at the abbey of St Vaast in ...

Article

French, 14th century, male.

Born c. 1330; died c. 1405.

Hand-weaver.

Between 1375 and 1381 Nicolas Bataille made a series of tapestries showing scenes from the apocalypse. Based on drawings by Jean de Bondolf, they were intended to decorate Louis I of Anjou's castle in Angers. Originally consisting of 105 scenes, 70 still survive. The Angers ...

Article

James Bugslag

He was one of the most successful of several French luxury textile merchants based mainly in Paris and Arras during the late 14th century and the only one whose work is known to have survived. He was a citizen of Paris and is referred to variously as a weaver of high-warp tapestries, a merchant of ...

Article

David M. Wilson

Embroidered strip of linen telling and interpreting the story of the events starting in 1064 that led up to the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It is made up of eight conjoined sections of different lengths. The scenes at the end of the tapestry are damaged and some are lost, but its surviving length is 68.38 m and its depth varies between 457 and 536 mm. The linen is relatively fine (18 or 19 warp and weft threads per 10 mm) and the embroidery is in wool, in laid-and-couched work, defined by stem or outline stitch. The latter is also used for all the linear detail and the lettering. No trace of any construction lines or of tracing from a cartoon remains on the tapestry. The colours are terracotta, blue–green, a golden yellow, olive green, blue, a dark blue or black (used for the first third of the tapestry), and a sage green. Later repairs were carried out mainly in light yellow, greens, and oranges. The earliest possible mention of the tapestry is in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born in Toulouse.

Draughtsman. Patterns (embroidery).

Celle lived in Italy towards the middle of the 16th century. He designed patterns for embroidery and is only known through an undated quarto volume containing 25 sheets and 54 linen and embroidery patterns. The title (19 lines) states ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Medieval term for a patterned silk weave in which the pattern and ground are distinguished by texture rather than colour.

D. King: ‘Sur la signification de “diasprum”’, Collected Textile Studies, ed. A. Muthesius and M. King (London, 2002), pp. 71–6

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1530, probably in Paris; died after 1590.

Painter, draughtsman, embroiderer.

School of Lyons.

Pierre was the son of Jacob Eskrich, a native of Freiburg-im-Brisgau and engraver who worked in Paris in the first quarter of the 16th century and whose real name seems to have been Krug ('jug' in German, hence his nickname). Pierre Eskrich must have arrived in Lyons in about ...

Article

Danielle B. Joyner

From the time John Cassian established the first female foundation in Marseille in ad 410, monastic women lived in varying states of enclosure and were surrounded by diverse images and objects that contributed to their devotion, education and livelihood. The first rule for women, written in 512 by St Caesarius of Arles, emphasized their strict separation from men and the world, as did the ...

Article

Scot McKendrick

Burgundian tapestry-weaver. He is notable as the only documented 14th- or 15th-century high-warp weaver whose part in the production of an extant tapestry is certain. The tapestries of SS Piat and Eleuthère (Tournai, Notre-Dame Cathedral) were made and finished at Arras by Feré in December 1402...

Article

Spanish, 15th century, female.

Active in Seville.

Miniaturist, embroiderer (?).

Isabel Fernández worked for Seville Cathedral as 'maestra de los ornementos' (master of the ornamentation).

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, female.

Born 1448, in Genoa; died 1534.

Painter.

Tommasina del Fiesco was also an embroiderer. She took holy orders after the death of her husband, first entering the convent of S Maria delle Grazie and later that of SS Giacomo e Filippo. A number of her small pictures on parchment are in the convent of S Silvestro....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Naples.

Died c. 1450.

Painter, sculptor.

Giovanni da Napoli was a Dominican monk. He was also an embroiderer and did embroidery for the Roman Curia.

Article

Pamela A. Patton

Embroidered textile (Girona, Cathedral; see Girona, §1) produced in Catalonia c. 1100. Although popularly labelled a tapestry, it is in fact a monumental embroidery in wool and linen on fine wool twill. It might have been produced for the cathedral following its consecration in ...

Article

Georg Germann, Melissa Ragain and Pippa Shirley

Term applied to a style of architecture and the decorative arts inspired by the Gothic architecture of medieval Europe. It has been particularly widely applied to churches but has also been used to describe castellated mansions, collegiate buildings, and houses. The Gothic Revival has also been described by many scholars as a movement, rather than style, for in the mid-19th century it was associated with and propagated by religious and political faith. From a hesitant start in the mid-18th century in England and Scotland, in the 19th century it became one of the principal styles of building throughout the world and continued in some huge projects until well into the 20th century (e.g. ...

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in Lyons in 1412 and 1465.

Illuminator, glass painter, embroiderer.

On 30 December 1412 Jean Hortart of Scotland was appointed master painter for the church of St-Jean in Lyons, where he painted the choir in 1420. In 1463 he worked on the preparations for the ceremonial entry of Louis XI....

Article

Anne Hagopian van Buren

Franco-Flemish illuminator, scribe and designer. He was first paid for restoring old books and writing and illustrating new ones for Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, on 26 January 1448, a task that he continued for the next eight years, being rewarded with the title of ducal ...