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John Thomas

Form of three-dimensional zigzag ornament particularly associated with Anglo-Norman Romanesque architecture, where it was used to decorate arches, doorways and windows. An equivalent term is dancette (or dancetty), although this is generally reserved for the zigzags used in heraldry. The stripes and flashes set on to the sleeves of military uniform tunics are also chevrons. Architectural chevron is possibly related to ...

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Elina Gertsman

Art and drama in the Middle Ages existed in a complex, symbiotic relationship. Material culture certainly formed an integral part of a wide variety of medieval performances, including liturgical drama and Latin comedies, Apocalypse and Passion plays, farces and moralities, mystery and miracle plays, and processions and ...

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Marsha Meskimmon

German ecclesiastic, visionary, philosopher, composer and visual artist. Hildegard of Bingen is one of the best known and most significant figures of 12th-century Europe. Her father was a knight in the Count of Spanheim’s court and throughout her life she corresponded with prominent European leaders, such as King Henry II of England, Queen Eleanor and Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Hildegard took her Benedictine vows in ...

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Egyptian, 10th century, male.

Active at the end of the 10th century.

Painter. Local scenes.

Ibn El Azîz was a painter at the court of the Fatimids in Cairo. He was mainly in the service of Vizir Bazuri, for whom he painted among other works a ...

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Rowan Watson

French composer and poet. He was the most prolific and inventive poet and composer of his day. His texts and manuscripts characterize the taste of the royal court in mid-14th-century France. From c. 1323 to 1346 he was in the service of John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, after which he served members of the French royal family, among them ...

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German, 16th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Brixen (now Bressanone, Italy); died 1 February 1572.

Miniaturist, musician.

Thola worked in the service of the electors of Saxony (1550-1560) and painted their portraits in a psalter that was in the Royal Library in Dresden. He is also known for a ...

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German, 16th century, male.

Born in Reggio (?); died 1569?.

Miniaturist, musician.

Gabriel was the brother of Benedikt Thola and was likewise employed by the electors of Saxony. Works by both artists may be found in the Frauenkirche in Dresden.

Article

John Richards

Italian painter. The style of the altarpiece that is probably Turino’s earliest extant work, the Virgin and Child with Saints, Archangels and Angel Musicians (c. 1380; Palermo, Mus. Reg.), suggests he was influenced by Sienese painting, but this may have come via Barnaba da Modena, whose ...

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Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1435, in Florence; died 7 October 1488, in Venice.

Painter, sculptor, goldsmith, musician. Religious subjects, historical figures. Equestrian statues.

Florentine School.

Andrea Verrocchio's biographical details are not really known, but his works are proof of the important place he occupies in the history of art. It is known that he was born in Florence in ...

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Flemish School, 12th century, male.

Died 1158, in Liège.

Painter, musician, writer.

Waselin painted religious subjects on canvas that were paraded in church possessions during Lent.