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Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 18th century.

Died 4 January 1742, in Leiden.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator.

Leiden School.

Hillebrand van der Aa is believed to have been related to Pietersz. Boudewyn and Hillebrand van der Aa. He served an apprenticeship in the bookselling trade but, at the same time, developed his skills in the fine arts and was admitted to the Leiden painters' guild on ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 5 December 1713, in Amsterdam; died 5 March 1793.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, urban views, interiors.

Nicolaas Aartman worked for booksellers and executed a number of small drawings for illustrated books. There are two fine drawings of interiors by him in Amsterdam. His work was engraved by Kornleim and Jan Schoute....

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

Jane Geddes

Deluxe manuscript (Aberdeen, U. Lib., MS. 24) made in England around 1200. It is remarkable for its lavish illustrations, amply covered in gold leaf; for the wealth of its codicological data and for its close relationship to the Ashmole Bestiary. The book was left unfinished, so sketches and the detailed instructions for its colouring and assembly remain visible. The last few pages were completed in the 14th century. The book begins with a Creation cycle of full-page miniatures culminating in ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Exeter, USA, from 1770 to 1810.

Engraver. Ex-libris plates.

Article

A. Gerhardt

Benedictine abbey on the River Enns in Styria, Austria. It was founded in the mid-11th century by Bishop Gebhard from Salzburg, endowed by St Henna von Gurk, Gräfin von Friessach (d 1045), and settled by Benedictine monks from St Peter’s, Salzburg under Abbot Isingrin. The Romanesque minster (consecrated ...

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Engraver (line-engraving).

Joannes Aerts was a member of the guild in 1752. He is credited with an engraving entitled Satyr Carrying a Basket of Books.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1750, in Rome.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects.

Followed in the footsteps of his mentor Christoph Unterberger, painting chiefly churches, but also produced drawings for subsequent engraving, notably: Christ on the Cross (De la Cour) and Life of Jesus and the Virgin...

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born 1731, in Yecla; died 1800, in Mexico City.

Painter, copyist. Portraits.

Ginés de Aguirre went to Madrid early in his career, in 1745, to study at the Real Academia de San Fernando. While in Madrid, he made a serious study of Velázquez and Luca Giordano, and painted copies of the two great masters' works. He also produced numerous portraits of King Charles III. In ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Active in England at the beginning of the 18th century.

Engraver. Frontispieces.

Arnout van Aken was the brother of Joseph van Aken. He is known to have engraved frontispieces for plays and other small publications for London booksellers.

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1773, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1846, in Philadelphia.

Engraver (line-engraving), illustrator.

James Akin was born in South Carolina, but moved first to Philadelphia and then to Newburyport and Salem in Massachusetts. Among his works are a portrait of ...

Article

Alard  

French, 18th century, male.

Engraver, illustrator.

Illustrated the Fables of La Fontaine using drawings by Oudry, c. 1776.

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Engraver.

He provided Berlin booksellers with engravings that attracted no great interest. He is thought to be the same person as the 18th-century engraver C. Albrecht who did the engraving of Leopold, prince of Anhalt-Dessau, wearing armour.

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Active in Madrid.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator.

Alcantara drew vignettes for Moreno Texada and Blas Ametller's engravings for the 1798-1799 edition of Don Quixote, published in Madrid.

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 9 May 1769, in Amsterdam; died 4 December 1839, in Utrecht.

Painter, copyist. Figures.

Villem Alewyn became well known for his copies of the great Dutch masters.

Amsterdam (Rijksmus.): Old Man

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver, illustrator.

Aliprandi was a line and stipple engraver and illustrator who engraved a number of Fragonard subjects, together with scenes of the Revolution (in the manner of Le Barbier) and several portraits of Louis XVIII (after A. du Morrona). He also illustrated the Venice Almanach of ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1785; died 8 April 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes (hunting with hounds), sporting subjects.

Henry Alken showed two portraits at London's Royal Academy in 1801 and 1802. Alken was first and foremost a painter of hunting and sporting subjects. In ...

Article

Peter Walch

Scottish painter and illustrator. In 1755 he was apprenticed to Robert Foulis, a printer who, with his brother Andrew Foulis, founded the Foulis Academy, Glasgow, at which Allan was a student until 1764. Allan’s association with the Foulis brothers was long and fruitful; several of his sets of illustrations in the 1780s were for books published by the brothers. In the mid-1760s ...

Article

Danish, 18th century, male.

Born 16 May 1725 or or, in Copenhagen; died 1776.

Painter, copyist.

Peder Als began his studies with Carl Gustaf Pilo and won the first gold medal at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen in 1755. He went to Rome and, despite being already 30 years old, became a pupil of Raphael Mengs....