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Article

Arthur J. Pulos

American designer and writer. He studied at the Cleveland School of Art, OH, and the Art Institute of Chicago, and by 1914 he had established a reputation as an illustrator, making portraits of operatic luminaries for the New York Times. After producing plays in Los Angeles (...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1903; died 1979.

Draughtsman, poster artist, illustrator.

After training as an artist at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, René Brantonne took up commercial drawing. He spent World War II in the USA where he produced posters for films. When he returned to France after the war he began producing cartoons. However, he remains best known as one of the first and most celebrated illustrators of science fiction. He produced the covers for the Anticipation collection published by Fleuve Noir ...

Article

Hana Larvová

Slovak printmaker, painter and illustrator. From 1951 to 1955 he studied at the Central School of Industrial Art at Bratislava and at the School of Fine Arts, Bratislava, from 1956 to 1961, completing his training there in 1963–6. In 1967 he was put in charge of the book production department; in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

English engraver, designer of trade cards and furniture designer. In 1746 he published A New Book of Ornaments, and subsequently collaborated with Matthias Lock on a second edition (1752). The New Book contains designs for side-tables, torchères, clocks, frames, pier-glasses and fireplaces, very much in the Rococo idiom but also including such chinoiserie motifs as ho-ho birds and oriental figures. Copland also provided plates for the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in St-Nazaire; died 1964, in Étables-sur-Mer.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator, ethnologist. Genre scenes, local scenes, seascapes. Designs for jewellery, furniture.

Ar Seiz Breur.

René Yves Creston trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nantes in 1919, then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 22 October 1878, in Vienna; died 30 July 1960, in Hamburg.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs (furniture/fabrics/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Wiener Werkstätte group.

Carl Otto Czeschka trained at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna, most notably under Christian Griepenkerl. He was a member of the Vienna Secession. In ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Marcus Whiffen

Late 19th-century style of American architecture and furniture. It owed its name to the furniture designs of Charles Locke Eastlake (see Eastlake family, §3), which became widely known because of his book Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery and Other Details, first published in London in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1871, in Berlin; died 15 April 1925, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Draughtsman, architect, decorative artist, designer, illustrator, author. Furniture, jewellery, lamps, art objects.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

In Munich, August Endell studied philosophy, art history, aesthetics and psychology, notably a course run by Theodor Lipp on the psychological effect of the perception of lines and forms. There, in ...

Article

Aaris Sherin

American graphic designer, illustrator and painter. A student of Alexey Brodovitch, she graduated from the Philadelphia Museum of Industrial Arts and went off to assist Brodovitch as instructor at the Design Laboratory (1935–8). She was art director for Mademoiselle Magazine (1944), ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1883, in Marktheidenfeld; died 15 February 1964, in Nuremberg.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs (ex-libris/fabrics/furniture/porcelain).

Jugendstil.

After losing his mother at a very early age, Hermann Gradl was brought up by his father's family, with one of his cousins, Hermann Gradl Sr, a Jugendstil artist who was highly thought of at the time. He was first trained at the Städtische Gewerbeschule, Munich, then in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1851, in Kiel; died 1917, in Hamburg.

Binder. Designs (furniture, book-binding, objets d'art).

Jugendstil.

Georg Hulbe was a bookbinder in Kiel from 1876. He moved to Hamburg in 1880. He then acquired his own leather workshop and, around 1900...

Article

Rosamond Allwood

English furniture designer. In the mid-1830s he described himself as ‘an upholsterer of fourty five years experience’. He produced a series of pattern books containing designs for furniture and upholstery that was widely used by commercial cabinetmakers. The Modern Style of Cabinet Work Exemplified (...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1875, in Leipzig; died 1948, in Althagen near Wustrow.

Illustrator, draughtswoman, decorative designer. Designs for fabrics, furniture and jewels.

Jugendstil.

Gertrud Kleinhempel studied drawing in Dresden, then in Munich, and made her debut in 1899 as an illustrator in Dresden. From ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1914 to 1917.

Born 1893.

Painter, designer, illustrator.

Omega Workshops.

Roald Kristian came to Britain in 1914 as a war émigré and found work designing furniture and illustrating books for Roger Fry's Omega Workshops. He was briefly married to fellow Omega artist, Nina Hamnett. In ...

Article

Dutch architect, theorist, industrial designer, illustrator and teacher. He grew up in the artistic milieu around P. J. H. Cuypers and probably received most of his artistic education in this environment. Between 1880 and 1887 Lauweriks attended various drawing courses including in 1885–7 those at the Rijksnormaalschool voor Teekenonderwijzers in Amsterdam. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1889, in Levallois-Perret; died 1929, in Paris.

Draughtsman, illustrator, designer, binder, furniture designer.

Pierre Émile Legrain studied at the École des Arts Appliqués Germain Pilon and was one the representatives of the Art Deco movement. He did illustrations for L'Assiette au beurre - La Baïonnette - Le Témoin et le mot...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 15 April 1895, in Loudéac, Brittany; died 2 September 1926.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator, designer. Frescoes, designs for embroidery and glazed earthenware, furniture.

Ar Seiz Breur group (The Seven Brothers).

Jeanne Malivel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and then entered the les ateliers d'art sacré of Maurice Denis and Georges Desvallières. Upon her return to Brittany, she became a course instructor at the École Régionale des Beaux-Arts in Rennes in ...