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Daniel Rico

Spanish provincial capital, to the north of Saragossa in Aragón. Known in pre-Roman Iberia as Bolskan and as Osca under the Romans, it was the seat of the Quintus Sertorius government, a municipium (free town) since the time of Augustus and a bishopric under the Visigoths. During the period of Muslim domination from the 8th to the 11th centuries, the town, known as Wasqa, became a defensive settlement with a city wall stretching for more than 1.8 km, of which some sections still remain. Although the city was recovered by the Christians in ...



Harriet Sonne de Torrens

Mainland peninsula of modern-day Denmark and one of the three provinces (Jutland, Zealand and Skåne, southern Sweden) that constituted medieval Denmark. The conversion of the Danes to Christianity initiated a reorganization of the economic, social and legal structures of Denmark that would change the shape of Jutland dramatically between the 11th and 14th centuries. Under Knut the Great, King of Denmark and England (...


Ulrich Kuder, Carola Hicks, Matthias Exner, Florentine Mütherich, G. Reinheckel and Charles T. Little

Term used to describe the art produced in the Holy Roman Empire from c. ad 955 until the late 11th century.

The term is derived from the names of three successive German rulers from Saxony (see Saxony, House of family). Otto I the Great, who became king in 936, defeated the Hungarians at the battle of Lechfeld in 955 and extended his rule into Italy, being crowned emperor in 962. His son ...