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Cartoon  

Shirley Millidge

Drawing, sometimes coloured, made specifically as a pattern for a painting, textile or stained-glass panel. It is produced on the same scale as the final work and is usually fairly detailed. The transfer of the image works best if the drawing in the cartoon is of a linear nature and if the composition has crisp, clear outlines....

Article

Chevron  

John Thomas

Form of three-dimensional zigzag ornament particularly associated with Anglo-Norman Romanesque architecture, where it was used to decorate arches, doorways and windows. An equivalent term is dancette (or dancetty), although this is generally reserved for the zigzags used in heraldry. The stripes and flashes set on to the sleeves of military uniform tunics are also chevrons. Architectural chevron is possibly related to ...

Article

Upper part of the nave walls of a church, pierced by a row of windows (for illustration see Section). It is above or ‘clear’ of the aisle and triforium zones and admits light to the nave. By extension, the term is applied to any high-level window....

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Slender, often decorative column, frequently placed between the lights of windows.

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Enclosed portico, underground passage or a gallery enclosed by walls with windows.

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Drum  

Term for any generally cylinder-shaped architectural member, for example one of the stones that form a column; a cylindrical or polygonal wall below a dome, often set with windows; or the core of a capital, Corinthian or Composite, from which the ornamentation springs.

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Term for a small window or window-like opening. It may be a small glazed opening in a shrine to afford a view of the relics, an aperture in an altar or confessional to allow the contents to be visible at times or a small niche above a ...

Article

Jonathan Stephenson

Term commonly used to describe glassfibre reinforced plastic, also known as glassfibre reinforced polyester or GRP. It is a light but strong and durable material, and, unlike most plastics (see also Plastic, §1), its use involves low-level technology, making it accessible as an artist’s material, although its major uses are commercial and industrial....

Article

Lawrence Winkworth, Dimitris Plantzos, Mauro Cristofani, Martin Henig, Mary K. Whiting, Nada Chaldecott, Ludvik Kalus, Paul Williamson, Alfred Bernhard-Walcher and Gertrud Seidmann

Engraved gems are gemstones, whether quartzes or the harder, more precious stones, either engraved in intaglio, as for seals, or cut in cameo to give a raised relief image. In a wider sense gem-engraving encompasses shell cameos and moulded glass-paste imitations of engraved gems.

See also...

Article

Rudy Eswarin

Method of producing pictures and ornamental designs on the back of a clear glass panel to be viewed from the opposite side in reflected light. Unlike translucent stained glass, the reverse painted decoration is not fused to the support by firing. The powdered colours are mixed with a binding substance and applied directly to the glass, which becomes an integral part of the picture by providing both the base and the transparent cover for the artwork when the panel is turned. The layer of pigment adheres firmly to the smooth surface, and the colour retains the freshness reminiscent of enamels....

Article

Frances Wood

Hollow brick platform constructed against the interior façade wall of houses in northern China, beneath the lattice windows (see China, People’s Republic of, §II, 5, (ii)). Heated from the inside by small, free-standing braziers or flues connected to cooking stoves, kang are usually used as sleeping areas at night and seats during the day. They are usually the width of one bay (...

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Lantern  

Small turret or structure at the top of a dome, roof or tower, with windows or other openings used to light the space below and to admit air (see fig.).

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Lattice  

Open framework made of narrow strips arranged in a regular diamond pattern, commonly employed in windows.

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Any Vanitas symbol, such as a skull, candle or hour-glass, or even an insect, employed to remind the viewer of the transitoriness of human existence.

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Mosaic  

Catherine Harding

Closely spaced polychrome or monochrome particles (tesserae) of near uniform size embedded in a binder, such as mortar or cement. Mosaic has been used as a decorative medium on walls, floors, and columns for over 5000 years. A wide range of natural and artificial materials may be used for the tesserae: ...

Article

Muller  

Rupert Featherstone

Stone or glass implement with a flat base, used to grind paints by hand on a hard flat surface or slab. Mullers and slabs of hard stone are first recorded in ancient Egypt. Large glass mullers were used for the commercial preparation of paints until the 19th century. Pigments could be ground on their own for use in fresco or aqueous media or ground in oil for later use....

Article

Gordon Campbell

Decorative work in a fine material (e.g. glass, porcelain, semi-precious stones, silver or gold) that is attractive because of its antiquity, beauty and quality of workmanship. ‘Vertu’ (It. virtù) refers to a taste for curios or other works of art. The traditional form objets de vertu...

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Circular Window.

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Ogive  

Gothic pointed arch, vault or window (see Arch, fig., and Vault, fig.). The term is also applied to a diagonal rib of a vault.

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Perspex  

Patented name for a transparent colourless thermoplastic Resin, employed as a substitute for glass, especially in framed works of art and for curved architectural elements such as barrel vaults (see Plastic).

England, §IV, 5: Sculpture, after c 1914

Plastic, §1: Types

Plastic, §3(iv): Conservation: Acrylics...