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Article

H. A. Meek, Harold Meek and Marion Meek

The stabilization, repair or reconstruction of buildings of historic, cultural or architectural significance. The history of building conservation is beset with ideological and aesthetic problems, including whether it should be practised at all and, if so, to what extent restoration should supervene in the original structure. Modern conservation principles, as set out in the Venice Charter (...

Article

Rupert Featherstone

Term used in the conservation of paintings or objects for the toning or imitative matching of an area of paint loss, without obscuring any original paint.

Article

Jill Dunkerton

Painting on a wooden support. This article treats the construction and conservation of panel supports from a technical point of view; for the application of the ground and paint layers in a panel painting see Ground, Encaustic painting, Oil painting, and Tempera.

Wood was used in ancient ...

Article

Catherine Hassall

Process of conveying an image from one surface to another. Preparatory drawings or designs can be transferred to another support by several methods: see Cartoon, Counterproof, Pouncing, Squaring up, Stylus and Tracing. For the history of transfer printing in the decoration of ceramics (a process in which an engraved copperplate is printed on to paper, which is then pressed while still wet against the ceramic surface to be decorated) ...

Article

Peter L. Laurence

Although the theory and practice of renovating cities is ancient, and although the term is still used to refer to similar practices today, “urban renewal” typically refers to the large-scale, federally funded redevelopment projects that took place in US cities in the 1950s and 1960s. Such projects wrought dramatic physical transformations and caused controversial social upheaval. Urban renewal in this sense came into being with the US Housing Act of ...