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Article

Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1738, in Vila Rica (now Ouro Prêto), Minas Gerais; died 18 November 1814, in Villa Rica.

Sculptor.

Aleijadinho studied European style from engravings and prints in contemporary journals of architecture. He was fascinated by the elaborate Rococo style and southern German religious representations. He was given the nickname Aleijadinho (the little cripple) because of an illness that progressively destroyed his fingers and toes from ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1826, in Brioude (Haute-Loire).

Sculptor.

Jean François Alluys's study for a Female Nude was presented to the St-Omer Museum in 1839. The catalogue editor correctly observes that, on the basis of the dates given, the bust in question is ostensibly the work of a thirteen-year-old. It seems possible, not to say probable, that an error has occurred and that it may be more properly attributed to Jean François Alluys, who was born in Brioude in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 December 1780, in Paris; died 3 August 1855.

Painter.

Louis Arsenne tried his hand at various painting genres but enjoyed more success as an author and publisher. Among his books is his Painter and Sculptor's Handbook ( Manuel du peintre et du sculpteur...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Liverpool; died 1978, in London.

Sculptor, painter, printer. Portraits, cityscapes, still-lifes.

Arnold Auerbach took art classes at the Liverpool Institute as a boy before going on to study at the Liverpool School of Art. He also studied in Paris and in Switzerland. He was enlisted during World War I, but was invalided out of the army in ...

Article

Giancarlo Gentilini

He began as a stonecutter in the quarries at Fiesole. He was sent by the learned printer Francesco Inghirami to study in Florence, first (1844–5) with Pio Fedi (1816–92) and then (1845–8) with Girolamo Torrini (d before 1858...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Active in Bamberg.

Painter, sculptor.

Albrecht Dürer mentions Lucas Benedikt in his journal.

Article

Vanina Costa

French painter, sculptor, draughtsman and poet. He moved in 1926 to Paris, where he became involved with Surrealism, soon afterwards publishing his first collection of poems, Opoponax (Paris, 1927). In 1934 he exhibited a series of automatic drawings, which were followed by images produced with the assistance of ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1853, in Edinburgh; died 3 March 1888, in Edinburgh.

Sculptor.

Thomas Stuart Burnett was the son of a lithographic printer. He studied under William Brodie and at the Trustees' Academy where he won a gold medal in 1875. He completed his studies at the Royal Scottish Academy (of which he later became an associate member) and then by travelling in Europe. He contributed sculptures to the Scott Monument in Edinburgh's Parliament Square, and statues of General Gordon and Rob Roy. He exhibited in London at the Royal Academy between ...

Article

Françoise Jestaz

Italian engraver, goldsmith and medallist, active also in Poland. He is first recorded in 1526 in the entourage of Marcantonio Raimondi in Rome. There the printer and publisher Baviera introduced him to Rosso Fiorentino, whose allegory Fury he engraved (b. 58). Caraglio continued to collaborate with Rosso and engraved several suites, such as the ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 21 November 1914, in Buenos Aires. Died 1999.

Sculptor. Groups.

Alberto Carlisky began by studying journalism in Argentina, before militating against fascism in support of the Spanish Republicans. After World War II he went to Europe and stayed first in Italy, where he studied classical painting and completed several masks and small figurines. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Liège.

Painter, sculptor, video artist, film producer. Comic strips.

Jacques Charlier lives and works in Liège. In 1982 he had La route de l'art published in comic strip form by the publishers Gewad and Moretti in Ghent. He draws together the activities of painting, sculpture, video, films and comic strips in order to deal with one common theme: art and the world of art, highlighting its contradictions and paradoxes. In an exhibition of photographs of reports by the Belgian organisation STP, ...

Article

Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

or Zheng Zaidong

Cheng Tsai-tung trained in journalism before switching to painting. While technically fairly rudimentary, his work proceeds from a synthetic vision that he renders in large flat areas.

1984–1985, Taiwan New Painting...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Paris.

Sculptor. Busts.

A pupil of Félix Fevola, Chonez exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français and the Salon des Tuileries from 1929 to 1939 before embarking on a second career as a journalist.

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1952, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter.

Jean-Marc Debenedetti started out as a poet and, as such, was a co-founder of the literary review Soror (1972-1975) and, from 1979 to 1986, the founder-editor of a further review, Ellébore. He makes no real distinction between his activities as a poet and as a sculptor. His sculptures are essentially anthropomorphic, ranging in style from the figurative to the abstract. He has exhibited since ...

Article

Stephen Bann

Scottish sculptor, graphic artist and poet. Brought up in Scotland, he briefly attended Glasgow School of Art and first made his reputation as a writer, publishing short stories and plays in the 1950s. In 1961 he founded the Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie and within a few years had established himself internationally as Britain’s foremost concrete poet (...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1914, in Cuba; died 2002.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman.

Julio Girona travelled in France and studied sculpture with Maillol before moving to the USA. He is a painter, writer, journalist and sculptor. Girona incorporates into his vast canvases words which play an active role in the composition. Signs suggestive of graffiti and almost abstract, break through richly worked almost monochrome surfaces that have been painted over and over....

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Active in Palma (Majorca), Balearics.

Sculptor (wood), printer.

Antonio Guasp engraved images of saints and illustrations for works printed by him, including those in Life of Blessed Simon of Roxas, in 1767.

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Active in Amsterdam.

Born 1591.

Wood carver.

Along with Salomon Rogier, Hamersvelt undertook the carving of 36 geographic maps for the Amsterdam publisher H. Hondius. Probably belonging to this series is a map of the Holy Land, embellished with figures and ornaments, and signed by both artists....

Article

Elisabeth Gurock

Flemish engraver, print publisher, sculptor and painter. His father, Jan van der Heyden (fl 1590; d before 1645), was a painter from Mechelen who left to settle in Strasbourg because of religious turmoil. Jacob trained in Brussels with Raphael Coxie (1540–1616), who was also from Mechelen; it seems probable, however, that Jacob continued to make his home in Strasbourg until ...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Sculptor.

The Plantin-Moretus museum in Antwerp has a plaster copy of a bust of the printer Cornelis van Kiel, which was executed by Constant Jacobs for the meeting room at Duffel town hall. He exhibited in 1880 at the History of Belgian Art...