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Achiam  

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 February 1916, in Bet-Gan; died 16 March 2005, in Paris.

Sculptor. Public art.

Achiam studied initially at the college of agriculture in Jerusalem and was active in the Israeli resistance against the British occupying forces. He started to teach himself sculpture at the age of 24, working directly with the dark grey basalt stone readily available in the environs of Jerusalem. Achiam moved to Paris in ...

Article

Andrew Cross

English sculptor. A graduate of St Martin’s School of Art and a contemporary there of Richard Long and Hamish Fulton, he has often been considered in relation to British land art, but his work stands apart from that movement’s direct involvement with the landscape or with the romance of nature. It is more closely allied to the rigorous abstraction of Minimalist painters such as Alan Charlton (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Sculptor, creator of environments.

Kinetic Art.

Marc Adrian was part of the Kinetic Art movement, which was significant in the 1960s. He created 'environments', in which the movement of the spectator at the centre provoked, by virtue of modifications in the angle of vision, apparent shifts in the components of the whole composition. He claimed to be researching 'the optimal integration of the spectator in the genesis of the work of art'....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 January 1951, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator.

Agid began his studies in 1970-1971 by taking one course of teaching and research on the environment. He studied architecture between 1971 and 1976, before registering in fine arts at the Université de Paris VIII....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1963.

Born 1942, in Harlingen (Friesland).

Sculptor, environmental artist, draughtsman.

Tjeerd Alkema has been based in Montpellier since the 1960s. In 1970, he was one of the founder members of ABC Productions along with Jean Azémard, Alain Clément and Vincent Bioulès, the group which put on an exhibition called ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 21 July 1948, in Toulon.

Sculptor, environmental artist, assemblage artist.

Jean Allemand is one of the co-founders of the Space group. He has lived and worked in Paris since 1967. He creates environments by assembling geometric structures.

Allemand has participated in collective exhibitions in Paris: since ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 May 1943, in Wichita (Kansas).

Sculptor, environmental artist, performance artist, video artist.

Terry Allen studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles, receiving a BFA in 1966. His work is inspired by his travels in Mexico, Thailand, China and Colorado. He has taught at California State University Fresno (...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, 20 March 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996) and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, 10 Jan 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (...

Article

Deborah Cullen

African American painter, sculptor, graphic artist, muralist and educator. In 1913, Charles Alston’s family relocated from North Carolina to New York where he attended DeWitt Clinton High School. In 1929, he attended Columbia College and then Teachers College at Columbia University, where he obtained his MFA in ...

Article

Venezuelan, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Santo Domingo.

Environmental artist, sculptor.

Domingo Alvarez was an architect and his sculptural work was limited to the creation of practical environments, a form of plastic expression that was characteristic of the 1960s and 1970s.

Article

Arman  

Alfred Pacquement

American sculptor and collector of French birth. Arman lived in Nice until 1949, studying there at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs from 1946 and in 1947 striking up a friendship with the artist Yves Klein, with whom he was later closely associated in the Nouveau Réalisme...

Article

Arradon  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 5 January 1931, in Nantes.

Environmental artist, sculptor, painter. Designs for tapestries.

Kinetic Art.

Adam Séma Group.

Arradon studied at the studio of André Lhote in Paris. From 1962 she took part in the traditional annual salons in Paris: the Salon des Indépendants, the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, at the time quite involved in representation and politics, and the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 November 1946, in Harrisburg (Pennsylvania).

Sculptor, draughtswoman, multimedia artist.

Land Art.

Alice Aycock studied at Rutgers University (Douglass College), New Brunswick, NJ, receiving a BA in 1968, when she moved to New York. She obtained an MA from Hunter College in ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

American sculptor, draughtswoman, and installation and environmental artist. She studied liberal arts at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (1964–8), and obtained an MA in studio art at Hunter College, City University of New York (1968–71), where she worked under Robert Morris and became familiar with systems theory. From the 1960s Aycock developed phenomenologically site-orientated works to include metaphor and simile, referring to machinery and construction sites, archaeological sites, models, children’s play areas and funfairs, and other public or social settings. For example in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1937, in Maastricht.

Sculptor, environmental artist.

Lumino-Kinetic Art.

After studying initially at the Fine Arts Academy in Maastricht, Bailleux left the Netherlands in 1959 for Belgium, where he studied at the Fine Arts Academy in Antwerp. In 1970, he was awarded the Prix de la Jeune Sculpture Belge (Prize for Best Young Belgian Sculptor)....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1822, in Colchester; died 2 May 1858, in Naples.

Sculptor.

Edward Bartholomew ran the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut, the oldest public art museum in the USA. Most of his works are to be found there.

Hartford (Wadsworth Atheneum): Repentant Eve...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Ukkel.

Environmental artist, sculptor.

Marianne Berenhaut studied under Moeschal at the academy of fine arts in Brussels, where she won the first prize for non-figurative sculpture in 1967. Her compositions are produced from objects taken out of their original context, such as the ...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Kitwe, Zambia.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, video artist, land artist, watercolourist, curator.

Clive van den Berg came to South Africa in 1966, and trained at the University of Natal. He taught fine arts at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg ...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 2 July 1936, in Giessen.

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Lore Bert was a student at the school of fine arts in Berlin, then at the school of arts and trades in Darmstadt. She lives and works in Mainz. She uses Korean and Japanese paper which, through various procedures of manipulation including creasing, cutting out, sewing and collage, she turns into paintings, sculptures or surrounds. The surfaces are often covered with signs, figures, geometrical letters or shapes....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1967, in Glasgow.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Martin Boyce studied in the Environmental Art Department at Glasgow School of Art from 1986 to 1990. He completed an MFA there in 1997. In 1991 he participated in the seminal Windfall exhibition which served as an important catalyst for drawing attention to Glasgow as a major centre for conceptual art....