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Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1904; died 1980.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), illustrator, designer, photographer. Portraits, landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Sir Cecil Beaton was influenced, in the first half of the 20th century, by the Russian ballets of Diaghilev and the fashionable world surrounding Coco Chanel. He was particularly known as a theatrical costume designer, for the famous musical comedies ...

Article

Reinhold Misselbeck

English photographer and stage designer. He began taking photographs at an early age, mainly of his sisters Nancy and Baba. Beaton emulated pictures he saw in fashion magazines, especially those by Baron Adolphe de Meyer and the soft-focus technique used in them. In 1922 he went to Cambridge University to study history and architecture, but he left after three years without graduating. He took an office job, but he continued to photograph, receiving portrait commissions. Diaghilev’s praise of his photographs, particularly the double portrait of ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 14 January 1904, in London, UK; died 18 January 1980, in Broad Chalke, UK.

Photographer, illustrator, scenographer. Portraits, fashion photography, costume, film set and stage design.

Cecil Beaton established himself as a fashion photographer during the Roaring Twenties, when he circulated among the Bright Young Things, a group of British socialites that included Evelyn Waugh, the Mitfords and the Sitwells. His portraits and fashion photographs attracted the attention of American magazine editors, and in ...

Article

Yugoslav, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 7 October 1951, in Belgrade (now in Serbia).

Draughtsman, newspaper cartoonist, painter, designer, film producer. Comic strips, posters, stage costumes and sets.

Enki Bilal was the son of General Tito's former tailor. He arrived in Paris with his family in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Japan and the USA.

Born 8 December 1957, in Quanzhou City (Fujian Province).

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media, video artist, installation artist, performance artist.

Cai Guo-Qiang trained in stage design at the Shanghai drama institute from 1981 to 1985...

Article

Reinhold Misselbeck

German photographer, sculptor, stage designer and theatre director. He studied graphic design and photography at the Cologne Werkschulen. In 1948 he made his first sculptures in metal, but he made his name shortly afterwards with experimental photographs and other experimental works. A member of the young German avant-garde, from ...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Barcelona.

Sculptor, video installation artist, photographer, scenographer.

Colomer studied art history at Universitat Autònoma, in Barcelona, and then studied architecture at Escola Tècnica Superior in Barcelona. He lives and works in Barcelona. He produces scenography for the theatre, notably for Valère Novarina's play ...

Article

Grant B. Romer and Stephen C. Pinson

French photographer, inventor, painter, printmaker, entrepreneur, and stage designer. He began his artistic training at the public school of drawing, and possibly served as an architect’s apprentice, in Orléans. He began his career in Paris around 1804 as a student of the stage designer Ignace-Eugène-Marie Degotti (...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 December 1958, in Antwerp.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, installation artist, performance artist, director, scenographer, film writer.

Jan Fabre attended the art academy and the arts and crafts institute in Antwerp. He is a visual artist, but also a choreographer, dancer and playwright (his first play was written in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Augsburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, sculptor, photographer. Figures, nudes, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

New Fauves.

Hacker attended the art academy in Munich before settling in Berlin. In 1974, he was guest professor at the school of fine art in Hamburg. After producing works ascribable to kinetic art, Hacker became interested in the problems of creative activity, and displayed them in exhibitions alongside objects based on popular art. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 19 June 1891, in Berlin-Schmargendorf; died 1968, in Berlin.

Painter, photomontage artist, photographer. Stage sets.

Dada.Berlin Dada, ASSO Group (Association of Revolutionary Figuration Artists)

John Heartfield was an apprentice in a Wiesbaden bookshop in 1905-1906. He was a pupil at the school of decorative arts in Munich ...

Article

Barbara Lange and Andrés Mario Zervigón

German photomontagist, draughtsman, typographer, stage designer, and film director. After a difficult childhood owing to the persecution of his father for his political beliefs, he studied art at the Königliche Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1907 to 1911, specializing in advertising art. In 1912 he took his first job in a paper packaging company (for which he completed graphic design work) in Mannheim, moving to Berlin in ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

English painter, printmaker, photographer, and stage designer. Perhaps the most popular and versatile British artist of the 20th century, Hockney made apparent his facility as a draughtsman while studying at Bradford School of Art between 1953 and 1957, producing portraits and observations of his surroundings under the influence of the Euston Road School and of Stanley Spencer. From ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 31 January 1942, in Northwood (Middlesex); died 19 February 1994, in London.

Painter, filmmaker, designer, author, poet. Landscapes, townscapes. Designs for stage sets, films, gardens.

Derek Jarman studied English, History and Art History at King's College in London before going on to study fine art at the Slade School of Art in London (...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active from 1952 in France.

Born 5 June 1931, in Baeretschwill.

Painter, photographer, film maker. Stage sets.

After attending the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich, Peter Knapp went to Paris where he attended the École des Beaux-Arts. Resident in Paris from 1952 onwards, he became, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1954 in France.

Born 26 November 1929, in the Bronx (New York City).

Draughtsman, engraver (etching), illustrator. Figures, nudes, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, videos, artists' books.

Gregory Masurovsky studied at Black Mountain College in North Carolina in ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Zurich; died 1972, in Hinterkapden (Bern).

Painter, film producer. Stage sets.

Rudolf Moser studied in Zurich and Vienna, and went on to direct films.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 4 March 1943, in Digne (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence).

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, photographer, scenographer, illustrator. Figures, landscapes. Stage sets.

Daniel Ponsard graduated from the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1967. He has been a photographer at the Musée de l'Homme in Paris since ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1936, in Golfe-Juan.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor of assemblages, sculptor (bronze), collage artist, draughtsman, film producer. Stage costumes and sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Citationism.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Martial Raysse studied art in Nice. Although he never studied there, he had numerous friends at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In October ...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 29 April 1916, in Trebon; died 17 June 1978.

Painter, pastellist, engraver (dry-point), illustrator, ceramicist. Animals, insects. Stage sets, cartoon strips, animated films.

Zdenek Seydl worked in a variety of media, including cartoon strips and puppet films. As painter and dry-point engraver he adapted Jugendstil scrolls and arabesques to the representation of animals and sometimes even the microscopic world of insects, while as an illustrator he often depicted the horrors of fascism and nazism. He was deeply influenced by Chinese art, travelling to that country in ...