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Article

Brazilian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1738, in Vila Rica (now Ouro Prêto), Minas Gerais; died 18 November 1814, in Villa Rica.

Sculptor.

Aleijadinho studied European style from engravings and prints in contemporary journals of architecture. He was fascinated by the elaborate Rococo style and southern German religious representations. He was given the nickname Aleijadinho (the little cripple) because of an illness that progressively destroyed his fingers and toes from ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 4 February 1902, in Mexico City; died 19 October 2002, in Mexico City.

Photographer, photojournalist.

Originally working as a copy clerk, Manuel Alvarez Bravo experienced a dramatic shift in his life trajectory when his father gave him a camera in ...

Article

Julio Roberto Katinsky

Brazilian architect of Italian birth. She graduated in architecture (1942) from the University of Rome and in 1943 was editor of the magazine Domus. In 1947 she moved to Brazil when her husband, Pietro Maria Bardi (b 1901), was invited to establish and direct the ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 21 November 1914, in Buenos Aires. Died 1999.

Sculptor. Groups.

Alberto Carlisky began by studying journalism in Argentina, before militating against fascism in support of the Spanish Republicans. After World War II he went to Europe and stayed first in Italy, where he studied classical painting and completed several masks and small figurines. In ...

Article

Henry Adams

Mexican illustrator, writer, gallery owner, and publisher, active in the USA. He was the son of a wealthy Mexican lawyer and publisher. De Zayas started his career as an artist by providing drawings for his father’s newspaper in Veracruz. In 1906 he moved on to Mexico City’s leading newspaper, ...

Article

Julieta Ortiz Gaitán

Mexican painter, printmaker, performance artist, writer, teacher and publisher. He qualified as a printmaker at a very early age, then as a painter and engraver under the tutelage of several masters, among whom the most influential on his life was José Chávez Morado. Although he at first worked with traditional media, he possessed a constantly innovative and critical attitude and experimented with performances, installations, happenings, correspondence and media art, as well as writing, lecturing and publishing on such themes as artistic experimentation, cultural promotion, professional management for artists, collective mural painting and the publishing process. From ...

Article

Erika Billeter

Argentine photographer and publisher. She trained as a painter at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (1947–53), and took up photography only in the late 1950s. She studied in Buenos Aires first in the studio of Luis d’Amico and then in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941.

Painter, draughtsman.

Carlos Fajardo was one of the founder members of the Rex group inspired by Wesley Duke Lee in São Paulo around 1965. The group's work centred around a gallery and a journal, and was outside the traditional art circuit. Fajardo shared the effervescence characterising this period of Brazilian art and challenging the constraints and censorship of the dictatorial regime. Around ...

Article

Stephen Bann

Scottish sculptor, graphic artist and poet. Brought up in Scotland, he briefly attended Glasgow School of Art and first made his reputation as a writer, publishing short stories and plays in the 1950s. In 1961 he founded the Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie and within a few years had established himself internationally as Britain’s foremost concrete poet (...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1914, in Cuba; died 2002.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman.

Julio Girona travelled in France and studied sculpture with Maillol before moving to the USA. He is a painter, writer, journalist and sculptor. Girona incorporates into his vast canvases words which play an active role in the composition. Signs suggestive of graffiti and almost abstract, break through richly worked almost monochrome surfaces that have been painted over and over....

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1896, in San Pedro de las Colonias (Coahuila).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, fresco artist.

In 1922, with Rivera and Siqueiros, Xavier Guerrero founded the journal El Machete. In 1929 he travelled around Europe and settled in the USSR, returning to Mexico in 1937...

Article

Iracema  

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 1 February 1924, in São Paulo.

Painter. Landscapes.

Iracema Arditti originally worked in a number of different occupations including typist, journalist and air hostess. She was interested in the popular arts and encouraged naive painters she knew, before becoming a painter herself. Arditti became well known with the return of figurative expression in the 1960s....

Article

Aída Sierra Torres

Mexican illustrator and printmaker. He probably began his career in 1847 in the workshop of the Murguía publishing house. In 1854, in collaboration with Andrés Campillo, he created an outstanding series of illustrations for the book Los mexicanos pintados por sí mismos, in which he portrayed character types (e.g. ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1957, in Fortaleza; died 1993.

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist.

José Leonilson was influenced by the work of Arthur Bispo do Rosario. His work is a personal account, a kind of private journal bringing together acrylic paintings and drawings on unstretched canvas, embroidery and sewn-on objects but also abstract signs, some with symbolic overtones. His work recounts the experiences, questions and concerns of the artist, who died of AIDS. José Leonilson took part in collective exhibitions. His work was shown at the Nouvelle Biennale, Paris (...

Article

Mónica Martí Cotarelo

Italian lithographer, active in Mexico. In 1809 he completed his studies in Paris, but after returning to Italy he was sentenced to death in 1824 for revolutionary activities. He went to Mexico with his colleague Gaspar Franchini in 1825, apparently attracted by the idea of putting his revolutionary ideas into practice. He took a lithographic press with him and set up the first lithographic workshop in ...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Havana.

Painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman. Figures.

Leonel López-Nussa studied at the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro in Havana in 1934. As well as a painter, he was also a journalist and novelist. In 1941 he was in Mexico, in ...

Article

Cuban, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Cienfuegos.

Painter.

Aldo Menendez studied at the school of fine arts in Cienfuegos and at the Cuban national art school. He produced drawings for the journal Revolution and Culture ( Revolución y Cultura). He has taken part in collective exhibitions, notably in the ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Buenos Aires.

Painter, art critic.

After law studies and a few years in journalism, Noé worked in the painter Horacio Butler's studio. The French government awarded him a grant to spend a period in Paris in 1961. In ...

Article

Michael Butler

German editor and writer. He grew up in Berlin, where he worked until 1933. After the Nazis came to power, he emigrated via Czechoslovakia, France and the USA to Mexico. Self-educated, he mixed with anarchist circles and in 1910 became editor of Der Demokrat. In ...

Article

Picheta  

Mónica Martí Cotarelo

Mexican engraver. In 1846 he went to study painting in Europe, where he almost certainly encountered the widely published lithographs of Gustave Doré, Honoré Daumier, and Paul Gavarni, which probably inspired his own work. On returning from Europe he founded, with some friends in Mérida, the periodical ...